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EARLY EDUCATION IN
CALAMBA AND BIÑAN
     Antonio Delgado, BSEd IV
How did you learn the
alphabet?
The Hero’s First Teacher

   Doña Teodora was Jose’s first
    non-formal teacher
   On her lap, Jose learned
    prayers and the alphabet at the
    age of three
Private Tutors of Rizal

   Maestro Celestino was Jose’s
    first private tutor
   Maestro Lucas Padua was the
    second private tutor
   Maestro Leon Monroy became
    the hero’s tutor in Spanish and
    Latin. He was a classmate of
    Don Francisco.
The Uncles of Rizal

   Uncle Jose Alberto
    – gave wise
    direction in the
    studies of Jose
   Uncle Gregorio –
    instilled into the
    mind of Jose the     Jose Alberto

    love for education
The Uncles of Rizal

“Work hard and perform every
  task very carefully; learn to be
  swift as well as thorough; be
  independent in thinking; and
  make visual pictures of
  everything.”
                 – Uncle Gregorio
The Uncles of Rizal

   Uncle Manuel Alberto – seeing
    Jose was frail in nature,
    concerned himself with the
    physical development of his
    nephew
   He also taught Jose the love for
    open air and admiration for the
    beauty of nature
Jose Goes to Biñan

   Don Leon died five months later
    and Jose was sent to a private
    school in Biñan.
   June 1869 – Jose goes to Biñan
    with Paciano
   Carromata – the mode of
    transportation
   Aunt’s house – where Jose
    lodged
First Day in School

   Maestro Justiniano Aquino Cruz
    – formal teacher
   Rizal described Maestro
    Justiniano as tall, thin, long-
    necked, sharp-nosed, with a
    body slightly bent forward
   The school was in Maestro
    Justiniano’s house
First School Brawl

   Pedro (the teacher’s son) –
    wrestling
   Andres Salandanan – arm
    wrestling
Painting Lessons in Biñan

   Old Juancho – freely gave Jose
    painting lessons
   Jose Rizal and his classmate
    Jose Guevarra became
    apprentices of Old Juancho
Daily Life in Biñan

Jose’s daily routine:
 Hears mass at 4 a.m. or studies
  lesson before going to mass
 Goes to orchard to look for
  mabolo to eat
 Breakfast

 Goes to class at 10 a.m.

 Lunch break
Daily Life in Biñan

   Goes back to school at 2 p.m.
   Goes home at 5 p.m.
   Prays with cousins
   Studies lessons, then draws a
    little
   Has supper
   Prays again
Daily Life in Biñan

   Plays in the street if moon is
    bright
   Sleeps
Best Student in School

   Jose surpassed his classmates
    in Spanish, Latin and other
    subjects
   His older classmates were
    jealous and squealed to the
    teacher whenever he had fights
   Jose usually received five or six
    blows while laid out on a bench
End of Biñan Schooling

   December 17, 1870 – Jose left
    Biñan
   Talim – the steamer that Jose
    rode
   Arturo Camps – a Frenchman
    and a friend of Don Francisco,
    he took care of Jose during the
    trip
Martyrdom of GOMBURZA

   January 20, 1872 – Cavite
    mutiny
   February 17, 1872 – Fathers
    Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos
    and Jacinto Zamora were
    implicated and executed
   The GOMBURZA were leaders
    of the secularization movement
The GOMBURZA
Martyrdom of GOMBURZA

   The martyrdom of the three
    priests inspired Rizal to fight the
    evils of Spanish tyranny
   In 1891, Rizal dedicated his
    second novel El Filibusterismo
    to GOMBURZA
Injustice to the Hero’s Mother

   In 1872, Doña Teodora was
    arrested on a malicious charge
    that she aided his brother Jose
    Alberto in trying to poison his
    wife
   Jose Alberto planned to divorce
    his wife because of her infidelity
Injustice to the Hero’s Mother

   Jose Alberto’s wife connived
    with the Spanish lieutenant of
    the Guardia Civil and filed a
    case against Rizal’s mother
   Antonio Vivencio del Rosario –
    gobernadorcillo of Calamba,
    helped the lieutenant arrest
    Doña Teodora
Injustice to the Hero’s Mother

   50 kilometers – Doña Teodora
    was made to walk from
    Calamba to the provincial prison
    in Santa Cruz
Injustice to the Hero’s Mother

   Don Francisco de Marcaida &
    Don Manuel Mazano – most
    famous lawyers of Manila,
    defended Doña Teodora in court
   After 2 ½ years – the Royal
    Audiencia acquitted Doña
    Teodora
THANK YOU
FOR LISTENING!

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Rizal chapter 3 - early education in calamba and biñan

  • 1. EARLY EDUCATION IN CALAMBA AND BIÑAN Antonio Delgado, BSEd IV
  • 2. How did you learn the alphabet?
  • 3.
  • 4. The Hero’s First Teacher  Doña Teodora was Jose’s first non-formal teacher  On her lap, Jose learned prayers and the alphabet at the age of three
  • 5. Private Tutors of Rizal  Maestro Celestino was Jose’s first private tutor  Maestro Lucas Padua was the second private tutor  Maestro Leon Monroy became the hero’s tutor in Spanish and Latin. He was a classmate of Don Francisco.
  • 6. The Uncles of Rizal  Uncle Jose Alberto – gave wise direction in the studies of Jose  Uncle Gregorio – instilled into the mind of Jose the Jose Alberto love for education
  • 7. The Uncles of Rizal “Work hard and perform every task very carefully; learn to be swift as well as thorough; be independent in thinking; and make visual pictures of everything.” – Uncle Gregorio
  • 8. The Uncles of Rizal  Uncle Manuel Alberto – seeing Jose was frail in nature, concerned himself with the physical development of his nephew  He also taught Jose the love for open air and admiration for the beauty of nature
  • 9. Jose Goes to Biñan  Don Leon died five months later and Jose was sent to a private school in Biñan.  June 1869 – Jose goes to Biñan with Paciano  Carromata – the mode of transportation  Aunt’s house – where Jose lodged
  • 10. First Day in School  Maestro Justiniano Aquino Cruz – formal teacher  Rizal described Maestro Justiniano as tall, thin, long- necked, sharp-nosed, with a body slightly bent forward  The school was in Maestro Justiniano’s house
  • 11. First School Brawl  Pedro (the teacher’s son) – wrestling  Andres Salandanan – arm wrestling
  • 12. Painting Lessons in Biñan  Old Juancho – freely gave Jose painting lessons  Jose Rizal and his classmate Jose Guevarra became apprentices of Old Juancho
  • 13. Daily Life in Biñan Jose’s daily routine:  Hears mass at 4 a.m. or studies lesson before going to mass  Goes to orchard to look for mabolo to eat  Breakfast  Goes to class at 10 a.m.  Lunch break
  • 14. Daily Life in Biñan  Goes back to school at 2 p.m.  Goes home at 5 p.m.  Prays with cousins  Studies lessons, then draws a little  Has supper  Prays again
  • 15. Daily Life in Biñan  Plays in the street if moon is bright  Sleeps
  • 16. Best Student in School  Jose surpassed his classmates in Spanish, Latin and other subjects  His older classmates were jealous and squealed to the teacher whenever he had fights  Jose usually received five or six blows while laid out on a bench
  • 17. End of Biñan Schooling  December 17, 1870 – Jose left Biñan  Talim – the steamer that Jose rode  Arturo Camps – a Frenchman and a friend of Don Francisco, he took care of Jose during the trip
  • 18. Martyrdom of GOMBURZA  January 20, 1872 – Cavite mutiny  February 17, 1872 – Fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos and Jacinto Zamora were implicated and executed  The GOMBURZA were leaders of the secularization movement
  • 20. Martyrdom of GOMBURZA  The martyrdom of the three priests inspired Rizal to fight the evils of Spanish tyranny  In 1891, Rizal dedicated his second novel El Filibusterismo to GOMBURZA
  • 21. Injustice to the Hero’s Mother  In 1872, Doña Teodora was arrested on a malicious charge that she aided his brother Jose Alberto in trying to poison his wife  Jose Alberto planned to divorce his wife because of her infidelity
  • 22. Injustice to the Hero’s Mother  Jose Alberto’s wife connived with the Spanish lieutenant of the Guardia Civil and filed a case against Rizal’s mother  Antonio Vivencio del Rosario – gobernadorcillo of Calamba, helped the lieutenant arrest Doña Teodora
  • 23. Injustice to the Hero’s Mother  50 kilometers – Doña Teodora was made to walk from Calamba to the provincial prison in Santa Cruz
  • 24. Injustice to the Hero’s Mother  Don Francisco de Marcaida & Don Manuel Mazano – most famous lawyers of Manila, defended Doña Teodora in court  After 2 ½ years – the Royal Audiencia acquitted Doña Teodora