RIZAL: A MANY- SPLENDORED GENIUS• POETRizal wrote over 35 poems including his famous Ultimo Adios.• HISTORIANHis annotation of Antonio de Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas entitled him as one.
RIZAL: A MANY- SPLENDORED GENIUS• FARMER-BUSINESSMANHe had a partner in Dapitan in the Abaca business there (1892-1896).• SCULPTORHis works of his father and of Father Guerrico, S. J. typified his sculptural ability.
“The Triumph of Science Over Death,” Rizal’s most well-known sculpture
RIZAL: A MANY- SPLENDORED GENIUS• CARTOGRAPHERHe drew maps of Dapitan, The Philippines and other places he visited.• BIBLIOPHILEHe had a big library and brought many books abroad.
RIZAL: A MANY- SPLENDORED GENIUS• PHILOLOGISTRizal loved of learning and literature is unequalled.• PHILOSOPHERRizal not only loved wisdom but also regulated his life and enjoyed calmness of the life at all times.
RIZAL: A MANY- SPLENDORED GENIUS• HUMORISTThere are many humorous incidents in the Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo.• TRAVELERHe traveled around the world three times.
RIZAL: A MANY- SPLENDORED GENIUS• SPORTSMANHe fenced with Europeans and Juan Luna and other friends in Europe.He played chess and bear several Germans and European friends and acquaintances.He could shoot a target 20 meters away.
RIZAL’S ANCESTRY• Rizal was called “The Great Malayan”• actually had Negrito, Malay, Chinese, Japanese and Spanish blood• Predominantly, he was a Malayan
PATERNAL SIDE• Domingo Lamco – Rizal’s great-great-grandfather – A Chinese immigrant from Chiangchow – Arrived in Manila in about 1690 – Was baptized, married Ines dela Rosa – Took the surname “Mercado” in 1731
PATERNAL SIDE• Francisco Mercado – Son of Domingo and Ines – Rizal’s great-grandfather – Married Cirila Bernacha – Resided in Biñan, Laguna – Was elected gobernadorcillo of Biñan
PATERNAL SIDE• Juan Mercado – Son of Francisco and Cirila – Rizal’s grandfather – Married Cirila Alejandro – Was also elected gobernadorcillo of Biñan – Had thirteen children
PATERNAL SIDE• Francisco Mercado – Youngest son of Juan and Cirila – Rizal’s father – Lost his father at the age of 8 – Married Teodora – Settled in Calamba, Laguna – Engaged in farming and business
MATERNAL SIDE• Lakandula – last king of Tondo• Eugenio Ursua – Teodora’s great-grandfather – Was of Japanese ancestry – Married to Benigna (a Filipina)
MATERNAL SIDE• Regina – Daughter of Eugenio and Benigna – Married Atty. Manuel de Quintos• Brigida – Daughter of Regina and Atty. Quintos – Married Alberto Alonso – Had five children
THE RIZAL SURNAME• In 1731, Domingo Lamco adopted the surname “Mercado” (market)• In 1849, Gov. Gen. Claveria ordered all Filipinos to adopt Spanish surnames• Francisco adopted the surname “Rizal”• Was suggested by the provincial governor, who was a family friend
THE RIZAL SURNAME• Originally “Ricial”• In Spanish, it means “green fields”• Prophetic according to Leon Ma. Guerrero: “a field where wheat, cut while still in green, sprouts again.”• Only Jose used the surname Rizal until 1891
THE RIZAL FAMILY:A GOOD AND MIDDLE CLASS FAMILY
A MIDDLE CLASS FAMILY• The Rizal family belonged to the principalia• Had a large stone house• Owned a carjuahe (carriage)• Had a private library with more than 1,000 books• Sent their children to colleges in Manila
THE RIZAL HOUSE• A two-storey building• Built of adobe stones and hard woods• Roofed with red The rebuilt Rizal house tiles
HOME LIFE OF THE RIZALS• The Rizal family had a simple, contented and happy life• Believed in the maxim “Spare the rod and spoil the child”• Everyday, the family heard Mass• Prayed together the Rosary and Angelus daily