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Mr. Antonio Delgado
     August 15, 2012
San Antonio Central School
It is the art of arranging, correcting,
 and selecting the quality and type of
 news
It is also called copyediting.
One who edits copies is called a
 copyreader or copyeditor
1)   edits errors on grammar
2)   edits errors of fact
3)   edits verbose copy
4)   deletes opinion/slant and libelous
     statements
5)   makes sure articles follow the
     newspaper style
6)   writes the headline
In journalism, it refers to the fact
 that every time a certain term
 appears in a newspaper, they are
 spelled the same way.
It also covers the use of
 abbreviations, titles, punctuations
 and how time is mentioned.
The numbers 1 – 9 are written in
 words while the numbers 10 and
 above are written in figures.
Example:
    nine students
    13 children
EXCEPTIONS:
  dates, address: always in figures.
  proper nouns: may be written in
   figures/words
  beginning of sentence: always in
   words
  events: 1st – 9th is allowed
Look  for misspelled words.
Here in the Philippines, American
 English is used, not British English.
Ex: color, not colour
If a word has more than one
 accepted spelling, the shortest one
 is preferred.
Ex: judgment, instead of judgement
The first letter of the sentence is
 always capitalized.
Proper nouns are capitalized,
 common nouns are not.
Ex: singer
    Regine Velasquez
Small  letters are usually used for
 title or position.
Ex: Mrs. Cecilia Burayag, the
 principal of BCIS, delivered the
 opening remarks.
Capitalized titles: Governor Umali
Spell out Dept., gov’t, and other
 abbreviations.
The abbreviations Jr. and Sr. are
 allowed in names.
A title or position of a person may
 be abbreviated if it appears before
 the name but not if simply used in
 the sentence.
Remember:
    Engr. Emmanuel Delgado;
    Engineer Delgado
Remember:
    12 Dimagiba St.
    Dimagiba Street
Acronyms   are usually written in
 capital letters.
Example:
    DSWD
Check if the letters of the acronym
 are in the correct order.
When    an acronym appears for the
 first time in a news story, it is
 written after its meaning and it is
 enclosed in parentheses.
Ex: University of the Philippines (UP)
The  first sentence of a paragraph is
 indented.
In news stories, the rule is one
 paragraph, one sentence only.
There should be no names of
 unknown persons in the lead.
Check for buried leads.
The standard lead answers the 5 Ws
 and 1 H.
Check for errors in:
Tenses of Verbs
Subject-Verb Agreement
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
 (agreement in gender and number)
Articles (a, an, the)
Remember:
   he said and not said he;
   Aquino said and not said Aquino
It is used at the end of declarative
 and imperative sentences.
It is used in abbreviations such as
 p.m., a.m., Jr., Sr., Pres., Sen.,
 Rep., Gov., Gen., Capt., Dr., Fr.,
 Atty., Corp., and Inc.
Acronyms of schools, organizations
 and offices do not need periods.
Use commas:
to separate the month and day from
 the year.
to separate the street, barangay,
 town and province in an address
to separate facts concerning victims
 and suspects.
Ex: Jolas Burayag, 17, of Barangay
 San Fernando Norte
Do not use commas:
to separate the abbreviations Jr.,
 Sr., or III from the name.
Ex: Emmanuel Delgado Jr.
(Filipino)Gumamit ng kuwit sa
 paghihiwalay ng mga pananalitang
 pasalungat na pinangungunahan ng
 ngunit, datapwat, hindi, atbp.
Hal: Mayaman sila, ngunit hindi sila
 maligaya.
Use colons when presenting a series of
 information and use semicolons to
 separate components of the series.
Ex: Elected officers of the Board of
 Elders are: Dr. Arturo Guina,
 President; Atty. Ferdinand Dumlao,
 Vice President; Dr. Narciso V.
 Matienzo, Secretary; and Dr. Poyen
 Pini, Treasurer.
Use hyphen:
in most compound nouns
Ex: editor-in-chief, officer-in-charge
in fractions
Ex: two-thirds, three-fourths
(English) in numerals
Ex: twenty-two, fifty-nine
(Filipino)Gumamit ng gitling kapag
 ang isang tanging ngalan ay
 inuunlapian.
Hal: maka-Estrada
     taga-Cabanatuan
     pam-Bagong Taon
(Filipino) Gumamit ng gitling sa
 pagitan ng unlaping ika- at
 tambilang o oras.
Hal: Ika-7 ng Agosto
     Ika-3:35 ng madaling araw
(Filipino) Sa mga salitang ang
 kayarian ay inuulit.
Hal: kabi-kabila
Use a dash between two figures to
 indicate inclusion of all intervening
 figures.
Avoid:    from Aug. 15 to 30
Better: Aug. 15 — 30
Quotation   marks are used in direct
 quotations. Indirect quotations do
 not need them.
Ex: “I forgot it,” he said.
     He said he forgot it.
Periods and commas are written first
 before closing quotation marks.
Ex: “Let‟s go to SM,” the boy said.
 Quotation   marks are used to set off
  an alias or nickname.
Ex: Ramon ―Bong‖ Revilla Jr.
      Juan Chua alias ―Boy Singkit‖
 Do not use quotation marks to set
  off titles of events, shows, movies,
  books, etc.
Ex: We watched The Titanic.
But: We watched ―Walang Hanggan‖.
(English)Apostrophes are used in the
 possessive form of the noun.
Ex: the teacher’s table
    the teachers’ meeting
Apostrophes are used in
 contractions.
Ex: I’m (I am)
    you’re (you are)
Symbol   Instruction   Example
Delete  editorializing words/phrases.
Ex: The very beautiful and intelligent
 principal…
    The cops were right in arresting…
Check for redundancies
Ex: the concert the concert ended
    at the back of the rear
    advance planning
    asked a question
    repeat again
REMEMBER:   After editing the news
 story, write 30 at the end of the
 article.
REMEMBER: If the article is not yet
 finished, write more at the
 bottom of the page.
 Wastong  paglalapi ng pandiwa
Mali:      Nagdala ang mga bangkay
  ng mga biktima sa Gospel Memorial
  Homes.
 Wastong gamit ng dito at rito, din at
  rin, atbp.
 Wastong gamit ng sa at kay
 Wastong gamit ng ang, si at ni
 Wastong gamit ng nang at ng
an  assemblage of words written in
 bigger, bolder letters than the usual
 page text at the beginning of the
 news
it is not a title
1)   to attract readers
2)   to tell the story (in a summary)
3)   to add variety of type
4)   to identify personality of
     newspaper
5)   to index/grade the news
1.   First, read the story for general
     meaning.
2.   Clues to the headline are usually in
     the lead.
      What happened?
      Who did what?
      How did if happen?
3.Use the shortest words possible.
Examples include:
   cop – policeman
   nab – arrest
   mishap – accident
   up – increase
   down – decrease
   thief - robber
4.Have a subject and a verb. Avoid
  starting with a verb; the headline
  might sound as if it were giving
  orders.
Wrong: Revise money mart guidelines
Correct: Central Bank revises money
 mart guidelines
5.Use the historical present tense if
  the verb is in the active voice.
Wrong: Reyes topped editorial tilt
Correct: Reyes tops editorial tilt
6.Omit the helping verb if the verb is
  in the passive voice. Only the past
  participle is retained.
Wrong: Drug pushers are nabbed
Correct: Drug pushers nabbed
7.Use the infinitive for future events.
Wrong: City Hall will punish anti-
 squatting drive
Correct: City Hall to punish anti-
 squatting drive
8. Do not use a period at the end of
   the headline.
9. Omit articles (a, an, the).
  Wrong: A fire hits Tondo slum area
  Correct: Fire hits Tondo slum area
10.Use a comma instead of “and” in
   writing headlines.
Delays, confusion bug Asiad
Lacson, Trillanes no show at SONA
11. Use semicolon to separate
    sentences.
Gina Lopez heads Pasig body;
Noy swears in 35 other execs
12. Use the punctuation marks
    (especially the exclamation point)
    sparingly.
13. Use single quotes („) in headlines
    instead of double quotes (“).
14. Always give the source of a quote.
    Quotation marks are not necessary,
    a dash or a colon will serve the
    purpose.
Crackdown on errant bus firms – Enrile
Enrile: Crackdown on errant bus firms
15.Use the down-style – only the first
   word and proper nouns are
   capitalized, unless otherwise
   indicated. This is more readable
   because people are used to reading
   sentences this way.
Ex: Faculty honors Nuñez
Use only widely known
16.
 abbreviations.
Wrong: JEE to play Santa this
Christmas
Don‟t use names unless the person
17.
  is well known, use common nouns
  instead.
Wrong: Santos electrocuted
Correct: Carpenter electrocuted
Use specific terms instead of
18.
  generalities
Example: Trader killed
Better: Trader stabbed to death
19. Just report the facts; do not
    editorialize.
Wrong: Noy gives inspiring talks
(The word “inspiring” is just your
  opinion.)
20. Be positive. Don't use negatives in
    headlines. They weaken not only
    the headlines but also the stories.
1/18/TNR-B/1
Enrolment ups by 18% (20 units)      FL/DS



  1 – number of columns
  18 – font size or points
  TNR – font or type
  B – font style
  1 – number of lines
1/18/TNR-B/1
Enrolment ups by 18% (20 units)    FL/DS



  FL – headline pattern
  DS – downstyle
  (20 units) – unit counts
1 – line spacing
             11 – font size or
                 points
             TNR – font or type
1/11/TNR-N   N – font style
             { - text to which
                 the direction
                 will apply
A count system considers differences
 in the widths of letters.
Capital letters:      Small letters:
 M, W – 2 units         m, w – 1 ½ units
 JLIFT – 1 unit         jlift – ½ unit
 Others – 1 ½ units     others – 1unit
Punctuation marks:
 dash (–) – 1 ½ units
 question mark (?) – 1 unit
 others - ½ unit

Number digits:
 0 to 9 – 1 unit

Space – 1 unit
BCIS bags medals in NEPPESA quiz bee
 B    C I    S       b a g s
1½+1½+1+1½+1+1+1+1+1+1
 (11 ½ units)
m   e d a l     s     i   n
1½+1+1+1+1+1+1+½+1+1
 (10 units)
BCIS bags medals in NEPPESA quiz bee
 N    E    P    P    E   S    A
1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1
 (11 ½ units)
q u i      z      b e e
1+1+½+1+1+1+1+1
 (7 ½ units)
TOTAL = 11 ½ + 10 + 11 ½ + 7 ½ = 40 ½ units
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Copyreading and headline writing san antonio district press conference 2012

  • 1. Mr. Antonio Delgado August 15, 2012 San Antonio Central School
  • 2. It is the art of arranging, correcting, and selecting the quality and type of news It is also called copyediting. One who edits copies is called a copyreader or copyeditor
  • 3. 1) edits errors on grammar 2) edits errors of fact 3) edits verbose copy 4) deletes opinion/slant and libelous statements 5) makes sure articles follow the newspaper style 6) writes the headline
  • 4. In journalism, it refers to the fact that every time a certain term appears in a newspaper, they are spelled the same way. It also covers the use of abbreviations, titles, punctuations and how time is mentioned.
  • 5.
  • 6. The numbers 1 – 9 are written in words while the numbers 10 and above are written in figures. Example: nine students 13 children
  • 7. EXCEPTIONS:  dates, address: always in figures.  proper nouns: may be written in figures/words  beginning of sentence: always in words  events: 1st – 9th is allowed
  • 8. Look for misspelled words. Here in the Philippines, American English is used, not British English. Ex: color, not colour If a word has more than one accepted spelling, the shortest one is preferred. Ex: judgment, instead of judgement
  • 9. The first letter of the sentence is always capitalized. Proper nouns are capitalized, common nouns are not. Ex: singer Regine Velasquez
  • 10. Small letters are usually used for title or position. Ex: Mrs. Cecilia Burayag, the principal of BCIS, delivered the opening remarks. Capitalized titles: Governor Umali
  • 11. Spell out Dept., gov’t, and other abbreviations. The abbreviations Jr. and Sr. are allowed in names. A title or position of a person may be abbreviated if it appears before the name but not if simply used in the sentence.
  • 12. Remember: Engr. Emmanuel Delgado; Engineer Delgado Remember: 12 Dimagiba St. Dimagiba Street
  • 13. Acronyms are usually written in capital letters. Example: DSWD Check if the letters of the acronym are in the correct order.
  • 14. When an acronym appears for the first time in a news story, it is written after its meaning and it is enclosed in parentheses. Ex: University of the Philippines (UP)
  • 15. The first sentence of a paragraph is indented. In news stories, the rule is one paragraph, one sentence only.
  • 16. There should be no names of unknown persons in the lead. Check for buried leads. The standard lead answers the 5 Ws and 1 H.
  • 17. Check for errors in: Tenses of Verbs Subject-Verb Agreement Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement (agreement in gender and number) Articles (a, an, the)
  • 18. Remember: he said and not said he; Aquino said and not said Aquino
  • 19. It is used at the end of declarative and imperative sentences. It is used in abbreviations such as p.m., a.m., Jr., Sr., Pres., Sen., Rep., Gov., Gen., Capt., Dr., Fr., Atty., Corp., and Inc. Acronyms of schools, organizations and offices do not need periods.
  • 20. Use commas: to separate the month and day from the year. to separate the street, barangay, town and province in an address to separate facts concerning victims and suspects. Ex: Jolas Burayag, 17, of Barangay San Fernando Norte
  • 21. Do not use commas: to separate the abbreviations Jr., Sr., or III from the name. Ex: Emmanuel Delgado Jr.
  • 22. (Filipino)Gumamit ng kuwit sa paghihiwalay ng mga pananalitang pasalungat na pinangungunahan ng ngunit, datapwat, hindi, atbp. Hal: Mayaman sila, ngunit hindi sila maligaya.
  • 23. Use colons when presenting a series of information and use semicolons to separate components of the series. Ex: Elected officers of the Board of Elders are: Dr. Arturo Guina, President; Atty. Ferdinand Dumlao, Vice President; Dr. Narciso V. Matienzo, Secretary; and Dr. Poyen Pini, Treasurer.
  • 24. Use hyphen: in most compound nouns Ex: editor-in-chief, officer-in-charge in fractions Ex: two-thirds, three-fourths (English) in numerals Ex: twenty-two, fifty-nine
  • 25. (Filipino)Gumamit ng gitling kapag ang isang tanging ngalan ay inuunlapian. Hal: maka-Estrada taga-Cabanatuan pam-Bagong Taon
  • 26. (Filipino) Gumamit ng gitling sa pagitan ng unlaping ika- at tambilang o oras. Hal: Ika-7 ng Agosto Ika-3:35 ng madaling araw (Filipino) Sa mga salitang ang kayarian ay inuulit. Hal: kabi-kabila
  • 27. Use a dash between two figures to indicate inclusion of all intervening figures. Avoid: from Aug. 15 to 30 Better: Aug. 15 — 30
  • 28. Quotation marks are used in direct quotations. Indirect quotations do not need them. Ex: “I forgot it,” he said. He said he forgot it. Periods and commas are written first before closing quotation marks. Ex: “Let‟s go to SM,” the boy said.
  • 29.  Quotation marks are used to set off an alias or nickname. Ex: Ramon ―Bong‖ Revilla Jr. Juan Chua alias ―Boy Singkit‖  Do not use quotation marks to set off titles of events, shows, movies, books, etc. Ex: We watched The Titanic. But: We watched ―Walang Hanggan‖.
  • 30. (English)Apostrophes are used in the possessive form of the noun. Ex: the teacher’s table the teachers’ meeting Apostrophes are used in contractions. Ex: I’m (I am) you’re (you are)
  • 31. Symbol Instruction Example
  • 32. Delete editorializing words/phrases. Ex: The very beautiful and intelligent principal… The cops were right in arresting…
  • 33. Check for redundancies Ex: the concert the concert ended at the back of the rear advance planning asked a question repeat again
  • 34. REMEMBER: After editing the news story, write 30 at the end of the article. REMEMBER: If the article is not yet finished, write more at the bottom of the page.
  • 35.  Wastong paglalapi ng pandiwa Mali: Nagdala ang mga bangkay ng mga biktima sa Gospel Memorial Homes.  Wastong gamit ng dito at rito, din at rin, atbp.  Wastong gamit ng sa at kay  Wastong gamit ng ang, si at ni  Wastong gamit ng nang at ng
  • 36.
  • 37. an assemblage of words written in bigger, bolder letters than the usual page text at the beginning of the news it is not a title
  • 38.
  • 39. 1) to attract readers 2) to tell the story (in a summary) 3) to add variety of type 4) to identify personality of newspaper 5) to index/grade the news
  • 40. 1. First, read the story for general meaning. 2. Clues to the headline are usually in the lead. What happened? Who did what? How did if happen?
  • 41. 3.Use the shortest words possible. Examples include: cop – policeman nab – arrest mishap – accident up – increase down – decrease thief - robber
  • 42. 4.Have a subject and a verb. Avoid starting with a verb; the headline might sound as if it were giving orders. Wrong: Revise money mart guidelines Correct: Central Bank revises money mart guidelines
  • 43. 5.Use the historical present tense if the verb is in the active voice. Wrong: Reyes topped editorial tilt Correct: Reyes tops editorial tilt
  • 44. 6.Omit the helping verb if the verb is in the passive voice. Only the past participle is retained. Wrong: Drug pushers are nabbed Correct: Drug pushers nabbed
  • 45. 7.Use the infinitive for future events. Wrong: City Hall will punish anti- squatting drive Correct: City Hall to punish anti- squatting drive
  • 46. 8. Do not use a period at the end of the headline. 9. Omit articles (a, an, the). Wrong: A fire hits Tondo slum area Correct: Fire hits Tondo slum area
  • 47. 10.Use a comma instead of “and” in writing headlines. Delays, confusion bug Asiad Lacson, Trillanes no show at SONA
  • 48. 11. Use semicolon to separate sentences. Gina Lopez heads Pasig body; Noy swears in 35 other execs 12. Use the punctuation marks (especially the exclamation point) sparingly.
  • 49. 13. Use single quotes („) in headlines instead of double quotes (“). 14. Always give the source of a quote. Quotation marks are not necessary, a dash or a colon will serve the purpose. Crackdown on errant bus firms – Enrile Enrile: Crackdown on errant bus firms
  • 50. 15.Use the down-style – only the first word and proper nouns are capitalized, unless otherwise indicated. This is more readable because people are used to reading sentences this way. Ex: Faculty honors Nuñez
  • 51. Use only widely known 16. abbreviations. Wrong: JEE to play Santa this Christmas
  • 52. Don‟t use names unless the person 17. is well known, use common nouns instead. Wrong: Santos electrocuted Correct: Carpenter electrocuted
  • 53. Use specific terms instead of 18. generalities Example: Trader killed Better: Trader stabbed to death
  • 54. 19. Just report the facts; do not editorialize. Wrong: Noy gives inspiring talks (The word “inspiring” is just your opinion.) 20. Be positive. Don't use negatives in headlines. They weaken not only the headlines but also the stories.
  • 55.
  • 56. 1/18/TNR-B/1 Enrolment ups by 18% (20 units) FL/DS 1 – number of columns 18 – font size or points TNR – font or type B – font style 1 – number of lines
  • 57. 1/18/TNR-B/1 Enrolment ups by 18% (20 units) FL/DS FL – headline pattern DS – downstyle (20 units) – unit counts
  • 58. 1 – line spacing 11 – font size or points TNR – font or type 1/11/TNR-N N – font style { - text to which the direction will apply
  • 59. A count system considers differences in the widths of letters. Capital letters: Small letters: M, W – 2 units m, w – 1 ½ units JLIFT – 1 unit jlift – ½ unit Others – 1 ½ units others – 1unit
  • 60. Punctuation marks: dash (–) – 1 ½ units question mark (?) – 1 unit others - ½ unit Number digits: 0 to 9 – 1 unit Space – 1 unit
  • 61. BCIS bags medals in NEPPESA quiz bee B C I S b a g s 1½+1½+1+1½+1+1+1+1+1+1 (11 ½ units) m e d a l s i n 1½+1+1+1+1+1+1+½+1+1 (10 units)
  • 62. BCIS bags medals in NEPPESA quiz bee N E P P E S A 1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1½+1 (11 ½ units) q u i z b e e 1+1+½+1+1+1+1+1 (7 ½ units) TOTAL = 11 ½ + 10 + 11 ½ + 7 ½ = 40 ½ units
  • 63.