Northeast Iceland

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Northeast Iceland

  1. 1. Northeast IcelandMývatn & Jökulsárgljúfur<br />August 2011<br />
  2. 2. Jökulsárgljúfur National Park<br />Ásbyrgi – A horseshoe-shaped canyon. Norse legend says it is the hoof print of Sleipnir, the god Óðinn’s horse. Geologists believe it was formed by a huge jökulhlaup, a flood created by volcanic eruptions beneath an ice cap or glacier.<br />
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  4. 4. Vesturdalur (West Valley) in Jökulsárgljúfur National Park<br />
  5. 5. Hljóðaklettar – “Echoing Rocks”, series of basalt rock formations<br />
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  12. 12. Selfoss<br />
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  15. 15. Dettifoss– Europe’s most powerful waterfall<br />
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  22. 22. Krafla Volcanic Region<br />Looking towards the main Leirhnjúkur fissure, part of a system of fissures above a large magma chamber, still highly active. The last major eruption was in 1984 and the ground is currently swelling, indicating a possible approaching eruption. Krafla itself has not erupted since the 1720s.<br />
  23. 23. Stóra-VitiCrater (“Hell ”), formed during the 1724 Krafla eruption. Krafla itself in the background.<br />
  24. 24. Kröflustöð Geothermal Power Station<br />
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  26. 26. Hverir and Námafjall Mountain<br />
  27. 27. Hverir – world of bubbling mud pots and fumaroles. <br />Stick to the paths to avoid sinking into 200°C water!<br />
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  30. 30. The steaming earth is hot enough for locals to bake bread called hverabrauð, which they bake underground for 24 hours.<br />
  31. 31. Hlíðarfjall<br />
  32. 32. Hverfell – tephra cone formed 2500 years ago in a huge eruption <br />
  33. 33. Bjarnarflag Geothermal Power Station<br />
  34. 34. Jarðböðin Nature Baths<br />Heated outflow water from the Bjarnarflag geothermal power plant supplies the water<br />
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  36. 36. A great way to watch the sunset and less touristy than the Blue Lagoon<br />
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  38. 38. Sunset over Mývatn<br />
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  40. 40. Sunset at my guesthouse – Bjarg guesthouse and campsite on Lake Mývatn<br />
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  42. 42. View from my room<br />
  43. 43. Breakfast at Bjarg campsite<br />The owner of Bjarg rents out his front lawn, as well as rooms in his house, in the summer.<br />
  44. 44. Lava fields from the 1729 Leirhnjúkur eruption that threatened the town of Reykjahlíð<br />
  45. 45. Mývatn<br />
  46. 46. Day Hike to Hverfell Crater<br />
  47. 47. Stóragjá fissure – looking towards Reykjahlíð<br />
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  49. 49. Geothermal hot spring in Stóragjá<br />
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  53. 53. Lava fields<br />
  54. 54. Looking towards Hlíðarfjall<br />
  55. 55. A couple from Akureyri hike towards Hverfell<br />
  56. 56. Inside Grjótagjá – a fissure with hot spring-filled caves. Like a steamy sauna!<br />
  57. 57. The water ranges between 44-48°C – sometimes too hot for swimming<br />
  58. 58. The Akureyri couple show me the different caves. We found evidence of a late night soak – candles tucked into the rocks.<br />
  59. 59. Grjótagjá Fissure<br />
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  61. 61. Hverfell<br />
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  65. 65. Lava fields from the hike up Hverfell<br />
  66. 66. On the top of Hverfell, a tephra crater of ash and pumice<br />
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  68. 68. View of Lake Mývatn and pseudocraters<br />
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  72. 72. Dimmuborgir – field of columnar lava formations<br />
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  79. 79. Dimmuborgir’s lava formations formed when a lava lake burst through the cooled, hardened crust, leaving behind strange vertical formations, about 2000 years ago.<br />
  80. 80. Pseudocraters on Lake Mývatn – formed when boiling lake water burst up through the lava<br />
  81. 81. Bláfjall – a table mountain formed by a subglacial eruption, when the region was covered by an ice cap. Eruptions under the ice cap created numerous móberg mountains.<br />
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  83. 83. Vogafjós Café – a café on a lakeshore farm.<br />
  84. 84. Watch the cows being milked and fed while sipping coffee at the cafe<br />
  85. 85. Hverabrauð (bread baked for 24 hours in the ground using geothermal heat) and hangikjöt (smoked lamb)<br />

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