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How to formulate French questions which require a yes/no answer

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Questions

  1. 1. questions in French requiring a yes / no answer
  2. 2. Yes/No Questions <ul><li>In French, there are 3 ways to ask a simple question requiring a yes or no answer </li></ul><ul><li>How would you ask “Do you like apples?” </li></ul><ul><li>Tu aimes les pommes? </li></ul><ul><li>Est-ce que tu aimes les pommes? </li></ul><ul><li>Aimes-tu les pommes? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Yes/No Questions <ul><li>3 ways </li></ul><ul><li>1 most informal – Rising Intonation </li></ul><ul><li>2 informal - Est-ce que </li></ul><ul><li>3 most formal - Inversion </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rising intonation <ul><li>Make a statement, but make it sound like a question by making your voice go higher at the end of the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Tu as un animal à la maison? </li></ul><ul><li>Il fait froid aujourd’hui? </li></ul><ul><li>Il mange du fromage? </li></ul><ul><li>Paul est arrivé? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Est-ce que <ul><li>Put Est-ce que (qu’) = is it that? at the beginning. Your voice will also go up at the end. </li></ul><ul><li>Est-ce que tu as un animal à la maison? </li></ul><ul><li>Est-ce qu’il fait froid aujourd’hui? </li></ul><ul><li>Est-ce qu’il mange du fromage? </li></ul><ul><li>Est-ce que Paul est arrivé? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Inversion <ul><li>turn round the verb and subject pronoun. Voice also goes up at the end. </li></ul><ul><li>As-tu un animal à la maison? </li></ul><ul><li>Fait-il froid aujourd’hui? </li></ul><ul><li>Mange-t-il du fromage? </li></ul><ul><li>Trickier if the subject is a noun. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul, est-il arrivé? </li></ul>
  7. 7. All of these mean the same <ul><li>Tu as un animal à la maison? </li></ul><ul><li>Est-ce que tu as un animal à la maison? </li></ul><ul><li>As-tu un animal à la maison? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Is it cold today? <ul><li>Est-ce qu’il fait froid aujourd’hui? </li></ul><ul><li>Fait-il froid aujourd’hui? </li></ul><ul><li>Il fait froid aujourd’hui? </li></ul><ul><li>Which is the most formal? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Another way to ask <ul><li>Mange-t-il du fromage? </li></ul><ul><li>Est-ce qu’il mange du fromage? </li></ul><ul><li>Il mange du fromage? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Has Paul arrived? <ul><li>Paul est arrivé? </li></ul><ul><li>Est-ce que Paul est arrivé? </li></ul><ul><li>Paul, est-il arrive? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Summary <ul><li>which is easiest? </li></ul><ul><li>rising intonation </li></ul><ul><li>est-ce que – gives you time to think what comes next! </li></ul><ul><li>inversion is easy when it is “you” questions </li></ul>
  12. 12. Class Activities <ul><li>20 questions type guessing games </li></ul><ul><ul><li>guess the animal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>guess the person (guess who) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>walkie talkie games </li></ul><ul><ul><li>find a person who has a horse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>surveys </li></ul>

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