The Americas before Columbus•   50 million people (?)•   No metal technology•   No large domesticated animals•   Complex t...
Aztec Empire
Ancient Tenochtitlan
Fundacion Tenochtitlan
Aztec Warrior Dress in Front of the Shrine of the Virgen de Guadalupe, Mexico City
• Skilled warriors                          • Weapons from wood,                            stone and volcanic glass• Conq...
Hernan Cortes• Conquistador• Landed in Mexico in  1519• Conquered Aztecs by  1521• Native allies  – Nahuas  – Tlaxcaltec  ...
Moctezuma II• Aztec   Ruler• Host and Prisoner ofthe Conquistadores• Details of his deathare disputed
Columbian Exchange: The transfer of living things between the “Old”          and “New” Worlds“Old World” (Europe,   “New” ...
The encounter
The encounter
The encounter
The encounter
The encounter
The encounter
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The encounter

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Exploration and discovery

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The encounter

  1. 1. The Americas before Columbus• 50 million people (?)• No metal technology• No large domesticated animals• Complex trade networks• Complex cultures and civilizations
  2. 2. Aztec Empire
  3. 3. Ancient Tenochtitlan
  4. 4. Fundacion Tenochtitlan
  5. 5. Aztec Warrior Dress in Front of the Shrine of the Virgen de Guadalupe, Mexico City
  6. 6. • Skilled warriors • Weapons from wood, stone and volcanic glass• Conquered surrounding people• Captives sacrificed
  7. 7. Hernan Cortes• Conquistador• Landed in Mexico in 1519• Conquered Aztecs by 1521• Native allies – Nahuas – Tlaxcaltec – Totonacs• Small pox
  8. 8. Moctezuma II• Aztec Ruler• Host and Prisoner ofthe Conquistadores• Details of his deathare disputed
  9. 9. Columbian Exchange: The transfer of living things between the “Old” and “New” Worlds“Old World” (Europe, “New” World (North and Africa, & Asia) South America)• Horses • Corn• Pigs • Potato• Cattle • Tobacco• Wheat • Beans• Sugar • Peanut• Small Pox • Turkey• Measles

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