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Gold salt trade


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African gold and salt trade

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Gold salt trade

  1. 1. Economics in Africa<br />
  2. 2. Africa has:<br />Gold<br />
  3. 3. Africa wants:<br />alt<br />
  4. 4. Arabia has:<br />alt<br />
  5. 5. Arabia wants:<br />Gold<br />
  6. 6. Timeout!<br />How much salt would you trade for a pound of gold?<br />
  7. 7. Salt, why salt?<br />You need salt to live.<br />We lose salt when we sweat.<br />It’s hot in Africa.<br />Therefore, they sweat and lose salt.<br />Without it, they die.<br />
  8. 8. Well, now how much would you pay?<br />But wait, don’t’ answer yet, there’s more!<br />
  9. 9. Gold, Who needs that?<br />In Africa, gold was pretty common.<br />It is too soft to make weapons or tools out of.<br />It is completely useless.<br />So, why would they care?<br />
  10. 10. The Salt Trade<br />Africans were willing to trade 1 pound of gold for 1 pound of salt.<br />Arabians were willing to trade 1 pound of salt for 1 pound of gold.<br />Both sides were happy!<br />
  11. 11. The Trade Routes<br />
  12. 12. Salt<br />Big Desert<br />Gold<br />
  13. 13. But gold and salt were not the only things they shared.<br />
  14. 14. Government<br />
  15. 15. Ghana and Mali<br />
  16. 16. Timeout!<br />Look at the map on the next page.<br />One of the first major empires in Africa was Ghana in the shaded area.<br />Why do you think it grew there and not somewhere else in Africa?<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18. Ghana<br />Ghana was a powerful trading empire in Africa.<br />It’s location at the edge of the Sahara meant it controlled the best trade routes.<br />The Niger River Valley was also relatively good for farming.<br />
  19. 19. Koumbi<br />Capital of Ghana<br />Many Muslims came to live here to make money from gold.<br />The emperor eventually has the city split in half to keep his people away from the Muslims.<br />
  20. 20. African Side<br />Muslim Side<br />Main Street (dividing line)<br />
  21. 21. The Split<br />Splitting the city didn’t work.<br />Based on the last picture, why do you think many Africans wanted to convert to Islam after the split of the city?<br />The king of Ghana loses power as his people convert to Islam.<br />
  22. 22. Mali<br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24. Mali<br />The empire of Mali rose as Ghana was falling.<br />They largely accepted Islam as their religion instead of trying to hold to their old ways.<br />They did adapt it to fit their own traditions.<br />
  25. 25. Arab Influences in Africa<br />Arab merchants spread the Arab language into Africa.<br />Along with the language the merchants spread Islam.<br />Mansa Musa, an African ruler, went on a hajj in 1324.<br />
  26. 26. Mansa Musa<br />A strong follower of Islam<br />Expanded the borders of Mali<br />Led a pilgrimage of 60,000 people to Mecca.<br />This made Mali famous throughout the world.<br />
  27. 27. Mansa Musa<br />
  28. 28. Things to Remember<br />
  29. 29. Main Ideas<br />1. The geography of the area around the Niger river greatly influenced the growth of Ghana and Mali.<br /> 2. Trade with the Islamic Empire led to great changes in Africa.<br />3. African history and culture was passed down largely through oral traditions.<br />