24 how a bill becomes law

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24 how a bill becomes law

  1. 1. How It Starts-starts as an idea-Who has the idea?
  2. 2. Split Process-a new bill must pass both parts of Congress-the bill must also pass both parts in exactly the same form
  3. 3. Becoming a Bill-must be sponsored by a member of Congress-put in a draft form-introduced into Congress
  4. 4. Committee-bill is assigned to a committee-committee has 3 options -send bill to next stage -kill the bill -pigeonhole the bill-- Action that places a bill to the side without a vote
  5. 5. Sub-Committee-studies the bill in-depth-public hearings-- Meetings held by legislative committees in order to allow public comments and information to be given to legislative committees-same 3 options
  6. 6. Committee-back to full committee-committee votes to send bill to full House or Senate
  7. 7. House or Senate-Bill is read to the Full House or Senate for the first time-Party Leaders try to schedule debate time for bill-Members research the merits of the bill-Riders may be attached -additional measures which are not related to the original bill
  8. 8. Debate-members get to voice their opinions on the bill-time is often limited in debates in the House-Senate has no time limits on their debate- -filibuster -cloture vote-each party is given equal opportunity to speak about the bill
  9. 9. Debate-members get to voice their opinions on the bill-time is often limited in debates in the House-Senate has no time limits on their debate- -filibuster -cloture vote-each party is given equal opportunity to speak about the bill
  10. 10. Voting-after debate a vote is scheduled-3 types of votes voice standing roll-call— Type of Congressional vote where each legislator is called out and a vote recorded—mostly done electronically today
  11. 11. Same Bill Must Pass-both parts of Congress must pass the same bill-if bill is not the same a conference committee will meet -Special committee made up of legislators from the House and Senate who try to work out differences in bill that passed both houses in different forms-bill must be voted on in new form
  12. 12. Sent to President-4 options -sign it into law -pocket veto-- Process where the President does not sign a bill and Congress has adjourned and after ten days the bills dies rather than becoming law -veto the bill -not sign the bill becomes law in 10 days
  13. 13. Over-Riding a Veto-if vetoed Congress can override the veto-2/3 vote required in each house to override-very difficult to achieve

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