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Educational System of Japan

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Educational System of Japan

  1. 1. A Closer Look on Japan and America’s Educational System By Ms. Echevria, K. Ms. Aclao, G.
  2. 2. Trademarks
  3. 3. Educational System
  4. 4. References REFERENCES www.nier.go.jp/EduactionInJapan www.members.tripod.com www.sitemaker.umich.edu/arunStructural_difference s www.japan-guide.com/e/e2150.html www.tokyo-icc.jp/guide_eng/educ/01.htm http://www.aba.ne.jp/~sugita/71e.htm
  5. 5. Learning Objectives LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. To have an overview on Japan’s Educational System. 1. To have knowledge on what kind of Educational System Japan has as one of the top performing countries in education. 2. To grasp idea as to what differences exist between Japanese and Philippine Educational Systems
  6. 6. Topic Outline Topic Outline 1. Japan 1a. Trademarks 2. Eduactional System 2a. Kindergarten 2b. Elementary 2c. Lower Secondary School *Curriculum *Facilities *Admin/Staff *Classroom Management *School Calendar *Daily Schedule 2d. Upper Secondary School 2e. University
  7. 7. Kindergarten EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN Kindergarten - usually starts at 3 - not compulsory, having only 60% enrollment rate - play, singing songs, observation, hearing and speaking, handicrafts - Emphasis on being independent and necessary life habits - Teachers considered as developed in understanding children’s world
  8. 8. 6334 EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN
  9. 9. Table of Year and Grade System EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN -comprises 24 million students from Kindergarten-University.
  10. 10. Elementary EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN Elementary-compulsory for children aged 6-12 -99.35% public and only .65% private --enrollment rate is 99% -considered as the first step of the child into society -provide children aged 6-12 w/ elementary general educatio suited to the appropriate stage of their mental and physical development. -children are not held back if they do poorly and the other way around -parent-teacher communication
  11. 11. Curriculum EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN *Curriculum- designed and created by Monbusho or the Ministry of Education (MEXT) *Subjects- include Japanese Language, Social Studies, Science, Art, Music, Home Economics, Physical Education *Facilities- buildings are plain but functional. -excellent educational facilities, including libraries, music rooms, art rooms, gymnasia, and playgrounds, swimming pools,Science rooms are similarly well equipped.
  12. 12. Admin/staff *Admin/Staff Teachers- 60% of teachers are women - teaches a different grade level each year -doesn’t reprimand students much but guides the class in correcting each others behavior -supervise the lives of students outside school -requires license (Bachelor’s Degree 4 yrs, pass Prefectural Education and Licensure Exam) - distributed among prefectures every few years EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN A newly employed unmarried 23-year-old teacher with no dependents: 2.5-2.9 million yen ($15,600-$18,100) A 40-year-old head teacher with a spouse and two children: 5.3-5.8 million yen ($33,100-$36,200) A 55-year-old principal with a spouse and no dependent children: 7.8-8.7 million yen ($48,800-$54,400) 670,800.00-774,000.00 vs 222,588.00
  13. 13. EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN Head Teachers- helps new or weaker techers improve teaching skills, instruction or classroom management -assigned in sending weekly/monthly newsletters to parents Principals-98% of Principals are men -responsible for all school activities -represents the school in PTA and outside groups -school symbol and expectation
  14. 14. Classroom management EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN *Classroom Mangement- 38-45 students -extensive training from the first day of the child’s school career in the routines and rituals that make up the school day -teachers teaches students that they are responsible for their behavior -students are taught to take pride in conducting themselves in an orderly and efficient manner
  15. 15. School calendar *School calendar -classes normally start in April and ends in March of the following year -fieldtrips happen in May (Spring) -Annual Sports in September (Autumn) -Three long vacations *Summer break (late July-late August) *Winter break (late December-early January) *Spring break (late Feb-early April) -Graduation in March-less significant EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN
  16. 16. Daily schedule EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN *Daily Schedule
  17. 17. Lower Secondary Education EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN Lower Secondary Education -part of the compulsory stage in Japanese Education -students aged 12-15 -purpose is to provide general education corresponding to students’ mental and physical development on the basis of their primary education -teachers assigned to one subject only(2/3 are men) -additional subjects like English Language, Moral Education and Religion (Private) -no breaks in between classes(classes 50 mins. Long) -Graduates of lower secondary schools are entitled to advance to schools of upper secondary education colleges (with certificate)
  18. 18. Upper Secondary Education 1 EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN Upper Secondary High School -not compulsory -students aged 15-18 -purpose is to provide higher general education and specialized education according to students’ mental and physical development on the foundation of the lower secondary education. three categories: (1) Academic (41-45) (2) specialized (26-30), and (3) integrated (over 120) (1)Academic courses provide mainly general education suited to the needs of both those who wish to advance to higher education and those who are going to get a job but have chosen no specific vocational area. (2) Specialized courses are mainly intended to provide vocational or other specialized education for those students who
  19. 19. Upper 2ndary 2 EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN Ex. agriculture, industry, commerce, fishery, home economics, nursing, science-mathematics, physical education, music, art, English language and other courses. (3) Integrated courses were introduced in 1994. These courses offer a wide variety of subject areas and subjects from both the general and the specialized courses, in order to adequately satisfy students' diverse interests, abilities and aptitudes, future career plans, etc. -encourages self-motivated learning and enables students to experience the joy of learning and a sense of achievement. Study under the integrated course is also seen as a way of helping students to develop their individuality and gain the willingness and ability to approach tasks and issues independently and actively and of fostering the motivation to learn.
  20. 20. University EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN Higher Education Junior College-ages 18-22 -must take NAT and the school exam itself (ronin) -81% private universities -women who wants to pursue courses stress home economics, nursing, teaching, humanities and social science Graduate School-ages 22-24 -only 7% gets Masters Doctorate Level-ages 24-28 -students take humanities and medical programs -Medical, Veterinary, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical
  21. 21. Topic Outline EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF JAPAN Synthesis Why is Japan successful in the field of education? It’s mainly because they standardized and demanding curriculum, teaching approaches that encourages stu Engagement, they give importance on school-home communication, long schooling And additional schooling, teacher quality, carefully targetted financial resources, an focus on equity. As future teachers, we need to educate ourselves in a way that we can be c Global Teachers. With wide-range of knowledge that is not based only locally but internationally and worldwide. Have you come across an experienced teacher with v Personal experience on different cultures and knowledge? Such a model. And very influencing. If we were able to come up with different features with Japan and Philippine Educational system, inspiration may come to our mind on how to be globally comp ourselves and for our future students as well.

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