Psyc 2301 chapter one powerpoint(2)


Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Psyc 2301 chapter one powerpoint(2)

  1. 1. Chapter One An Introductio n
  2. 2. What is Psychology?What is Psychology?  PsychologyPsychology – the scientific study of behavior– the scientific study of behavior and mental processesand mental processes  Why study psychology?Why study psychology?
  3. 3. • Common misconceptions Activity
  4. 4. THINK Question  A friend of yours is talking with you about psychology. She claims that psychology is not a real science, at least not like biology.  What’s is your reasoned response to her?
  5. 5. Psychology and the Scientific MethodPsychology and the Scientific Method  Folk psychologyFolk psychology ****An ExerciseAn Exercise  The importance of empiricismThe importance of empiricism • The scientific methodThe scientific method  Identify the problemIdentify the problem  Conduct background researchConduct background research  Formulate a hypothesisFormulate a hypothesis  Test the hypothesisTest the hypothesis  Analyze your resultsAnalyze your results  Report your resultsReport your results
  6. 6. Psychology and the Scientific MethodPsychology and the Scientific Method  The importance of critical thinkingThe importance of critical thinking • Critical thinking is a way of processing informationCritical thinking is a way of processing information that examines assumptions, evaluates evidence,that examines assumptions, evaluates evidence, looks for hidden agendas and assess conclusionslooks for hidden agendas and assess conclusions
  7. 7. The History of Psychology  Prescientific psychologyPrescientific psychology • DualismDualism  Foundations of scientificFoundations of scientific psychologypsychology • Structuralism and functionalismStructuralism and functionalism  Wundt (Structuralisam)Wundt (Structuralisam)  Titchener (Structuralism)Titchener (Structuralism)  James (Functionalism)James (Functionalism) • Gestalt psychologyGestalt psychology • Psychodynamic theoryPsychodynamic theory • BehaviorismBehaviorism
  8. 8. The History of Psychology  Foundations of scientific psychologyFoundations of scientific psychology • Humanistic psychologyHumanistic psychology • Cognitive psychologyCognitive psychology • Evolutionary psychologyEvolutionary psychology
  9. 9. THINK Questions Relate some of the theories we just discussed to the following: • How can I improve my memory and remember more of what I read? • How can a person stop a nail-biting behavior? • Can the personality of an individual be changed by a brain injury? • Are all humans, regardless where in the world they live, able to experience happiness? • In the long run, does it really make a difference how your parents treat you when you are a baby?
  10. 10. Nature vs.Nature vs. NurtureNurture  NatureNature  NurtureNurture • History of the natureHistory of the nature vs. nurture debatevs. nurture debate  SociopathSociopath QuestionQuestion
  11. 11. Careers in Psychology • What is the difference between a psychologist, psychiatrist and counselor? • What type of education do you need to be a psychologist? • What type of education do you need to be a psychiatrist? • What are the letters placed after your name that stand for each type of degree? • What type of education do you need to be a counselor?
  12. 12. • Read Chapter Two Homework