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Exploration1

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Exploration1

  1. 1. Exploration Dr. Yolanda Romero
  2. 2. • II. Native American Cultures • Early migrants over Bering Strait • Population • Common characteristics – Social groups important – Religion/Animism • Shaman • Rituals (sweats, vision guest, etc.) – Stereotyped by Europeans Jumano couple
  3. 3. • Agriculture & sedentary • Differences – Environment significant to society – Meso American Comanche family • Mayas • Aztecs – North American • • • • South-walled- communities Plains-teepees, travois S.W. Desert region-pueblos Eastern Woodland – Matriarchal matrilineal Mayan shaman about to perform a cha-chac ceremony: a petition to the god, Chac, to send rain
  4. 4. • Differences with Europeans – Land- communal v. individual – Complex political system – Reciprocity- individual v.social reciprocity • Division of Labor • European contact – – – – New products Christianity Miscegenation Disease
  5. 5. • III. The old world meets the new • Norsemen (985-1261) • Freydis • European Expansion (15th century) – – – – Motive- economic Creation of the Nation State Technology Social Conditions • IV. Exploration – Portuguese – Prince Henry the Navigator – Slave Trade • Old A Slave Market in Algiers, 1684 AD**
  6. 6. • Spanish – Columbus & New World – Abubacari’s Voyage – Spanish Conquest (1819-21) • • • • Hernan Cortez Malinche Martin Cortez Virgen de Guadalupe (1513) • French – Verrazano & Cartier – Ohio & Mississippi Valleys – Forts & Trade
  7. 7. • English & Delayed Expansion – Protestant Reformation (1517) • Martin Luther • John Calvin – Human helplessness examination – Predestination – Simple Ceremonies • Henry the VIII – – – – Church of England/Anglican Church (1537 Reform demanded by People Henry Dies 1547 Elizabeth as a Protestant Champion (1558-1603)

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