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curriculum and types of curriculum

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  2. 2. CURRICULUM Curriculum signifies all those activities and experiences a child undergoes in and outside the class according to his interests and needs.
  3. 3. “Curriculum does not mean only the academic subjects traditionally taught in the school, but it includes the totality of experiences that people receives through the manifold activities that go in the school, in the class room, in the library, laboratory, workshop, playgrounds and in the numerous informal contacts between teachers and pupils” - Secondary Education Commission
  4. 4. AIMS  Fuller and harmonious development of pupil’s personality.  Inculcate qualities of honesty, co-operation, tolerance, sympathy etc to promote moral development.  Help pupil to achieve their full mental growth.  Bridge the gulf between academic subjects and real life activities.
  5. 5. PRINCIPLES OF CURRICULUM CONSTRUCTION 1. Principle of child- centeredness 2. Activity principle 3. Principle of creativity 4. Principle of utility 5. Principle of variety and flexibility 6. Principle of correlation and integration 7. Principle of Social change 8. Should promote social justice, democratic values, national integration 9. Principle of totality of experience 10. Forward looking principle
  6. 6. TYPES OF CURRICULUM  CORE CURRICULUM  A set of educational goals  Formal curriculum
  7. 7. OVERT/ WRITTEN  More specific  Curriculum of control  To ensure educational goals of the system  Specific objectives  Strategies to accomplish the goals
  8. 8. HIDDEN/ COVERT  The idea other than the intentional curriculum INTEGRATED  Teach around the themes  Organizing centers SPIRAL/SPACED  Key concept at young age  Covers with increase in age
  9. 9. CHILD-CENTERED  Learner oriented  According to the needs and capabilities of children  Design to develop the individual and social qualities of students SUBJECT CENTERED  Traditional method  In terms of subject of study  Stress on Cognitive development
  10. 10. ACTIVITY – CENTERED  Modern approach  A reaction against traditional curriculum  Active involvement of the student  Knowledge gain as the result of activities  Activity is using as a medium for imparting knowledge
  11. 11. SOCIAL/ INFORMAL  From peers, family, church, society  Unintentional  Not written  Experience is the teacher NULL  That part which do not teach  Creating an impression as it is not important
  12. 12. PHANTOM  Messages prevalent through exposure of media ELECTRONIC  Learning through internet and other e- forms of information