Grammar Basics

1,327 views

Published on

Basics of English Grammar

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Grammar Basics

  1. 1. Edit Level 0<br />Which, That; Its, It’s; Subject-Verb Agreement<br />
  2. 2. Our Teacher Ms Anita<br />
  3. 3. Which or That?<br />The arrow that pierced the king’s heart had poison.<br />The arrow which pierced the king’s heart had poison.<br />
  4. 4. Which or That?<br />I have finished reading a book on XP which has been authored by Kent Beck.<br />I have finished reading a book on XP that has been authored by Kent Beck.<br />
  5. 5. Which or That: Grammar rule<br />While “which” is related to a non-restrictive clause, “that’ relates to a restrictive clause. <br />Use “that” when the information is an essential part of the sentence.<br />Use “which” when the information is a non-essential part of the sentence.<br />
  6. 6. Which or That?<br />The shirt that you lent me is in my bag. <br />The shirt, which is red, is in my bag. <br />The house that I wanted to buy has been sold.<br />The house, which I didn't want to buy, has been sold. <br />The food store that I go to all the time is closed today. <br />The store, which is near my house, is not open today. <br />.<br />
  7. 7. Its or It’s?<br />This is his laptop. Its an old one, and will be replaced soon.<br />Its a matter of time before India becomes a superpower.<br />Agile’s getting popular. Short releases is its major feature. <br />This is a Doberman. It’s tail was cut a few days after it was born.<br />
  8. 8. Its or It’s: Grammar rule<br />Use “its” when you are referring to the subject. <br />Use “it’s” as an abbreviation for “it is”. <br />
  9. 9. Our Teacher Ms Rose<br />
  10. 10. Basics of agreement: Rule 1<br />Make the subject and its verb agree in person.<br />You arecrazy.<br />I am not crazy.<br />This box belongs in the attic.<br />This box of ornaments belongs in the attic.<br />Dana Barrett has ghosts in her bedroom.<br />The Ghostbusters have a new client.<br />
  11. 11. Basics of agreement: Rule 2<br />Make a subject and its verb agree in number.<br />John is going.<br />John and Mary are going.<br />This test case is one of its kind.<br />The test cases are part of this course.<br />There was a great teacher in our batch.<br />Team mates from Chennai were fond of noodles.<br />
  12. 12. Basics of agreement: Rule 3<br />The singular verb form is usually used for units of measurement.<br />Four quarts of oil was required to get the car running.<br />Ten kilos of bananas is the elephant’s daily diet. <br />Five MB of space is the free space left on my computer. <br />Two units of insulin was his daily dosage.<br />
  13. 13. Basics of agreement: Rule 4<br />Indefinite pronouns typically take singular words.<br />Everybody wants to be loved.<br />Nobody claims to be perfect.<br />Everybody plays the fool sometimes.<br />
  14. 14. Which one’s correct?<br />A good set of skis costs hundreds of dollars.<br />A good set of skis cost hundreds of dollars.<br />
  15. 15. Which one’s correct?<br />A good set of skis costs hundreds of dollars.<br />A good set of skis costs hundreds of dollars.<br />—Ignore words that come between the subject and the verb.<br />A good set of skis costs hundreds of dollars.<br />
  16. 16. Which one’s correct?<br />My boss, as well has her staff, leaves early on Friday.<br />My boss, as well has her staff, leave early on Friday.<br />
  17. 17. Which one’s correct?<br />My boss, as well has her staff, leaves early on Friday.<br />My boss, as well has her staff, leave early on Friday.<br />—Reduce sentences to their simplest form. <br />My boss, as well as her staff, leaves early on Friday.<br />
  18. 18. Which one’s correct?<br />My friend and co-worker is waiting to see you.<br />My friend and co-worker are waiting to see you.<br />
  19. 19. Which one’s correct?<br />My friend and co-worker is waiting to see you.<br />My friend and co-worker are waiting to see you.<br />—If the words joined by “and” refer to a single thing, the subject is also singular. <br />
  20. 20. Which one’s correct?<br />Neither the instructor nor the students has any control over the class timings.<br />Neither the instructor nor the students have any control over the class timings.<br />
  21. 21. Which one’s correct?<br />Neither the instructor nor the students has any control over the class timings.<br />Neither the instructor nor the students have any control over the class timings.<br />—When the subject is joined with “or” or “nor” the verb agrees with the words closest to the verb.<br />
  22. 22. Which one’s correct?<br />The jury are deciding the fate of the accused.<br />The jury is deciding the fate of the accused.<br />
  23. 23. Which one’s correct?<br />The jury are deciding the fate of the accused.<br />The jury is deciding the fate of the accused.<br />—Words such as jury, committee, or herd will be singular when everyone in the group is acting together.<br />
  24. 24. Which one’s correct?<br />The jury are undecided on the guilt of the accused.<br />The jury is undecided on the guilt of the accused.<br />
  25. 25. Which one’s correct?<br />The jury are undecided on the guilt of the accused.<br />The jury is undecided on the guilt of the accused.<br />—Collective nouns will be plural when the members of the group are not acting together.<br />
  26. 26. “Nostalgia is like a grammar lesson. You find the present tense and the past perfect.” <br />

×