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Integrated Library Management System to Resource Discovery : Recent Trends


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DRTC Student Colloquium 2013

Published in: Education, Technology

Integrated Library Management System to Resource Discovery : Recent Trends

  1. 1. Integrated Library Management System toResource Discovery : Recent TrendsColloquium (3) – 2012-2014Indian Statistical InstituteDocumentation Research and Training Centre5/31/2013
  2. 2. Topics SpeakerIntroduction Kaustav SahaLibrary Automation Debashis NaskarResources Discovery in Libraries Vikas BhushanCurrent trends Sayon RoyConclusion Sumanta Bag5/31/2013
  3. 3. History and Overview• King Asurbanipal(668 BC ), of ancient worldcame forth with the concept of libraries.• The first bibliographer Callimachus during310-250 BC, at Alexandria Library, madebibliography by authors and subjects.• This was called Pinax (Pinakes plural), whichwas the first ever library catalogue.5/31/2013
  4. 4. History and Overview• Invention of paper by theChinese in 2nd century• Invention of movableprinter in 1450-56 byJohnn Gutenberg• The birth of printedcatalogue service in 1595,which was started byLeiden University Library• In 1970s card cataloguestarted5/31/2013Source:
  5. 5. History and Overview• After World War I the need for information grew at arapid rate.• To gather and circulate information library automationwas started and developed during 1930’s• But, from the 30’s to 40’s the developments incomputer technology was not progressive because ofobvious reasons like “The Great Depression” and“World War II”• During that time, the punch card equipment foundimplementation for use in library circulation andacquisitions5/31/2013
  6. 6. History and Overview• In 1945 Vannevar Bush envisioned an automatedsystem that would store information including books,articles etc.• American and British libraries experimented libraryautomation during the ending years of 1950’s• In 1960’s India first experienced library automation andthe seeds for future work were sown by INSDOC• The first use of library automation software in Indiawas CDS/ISIS, which developed by UNESCO• In 1968, DRTC introduced Docfinder (a computerizedsystem used for finding documents)5/31/2013
  7. 7. History and Overview• The library automation in India was a slowprocess and got momentum in 1980s.• Some Indian organizations developed their ownLMS– DESIDOC developed DLMS (Defense LibraryManagement System).– INSDOC developed CATMAN (Catalogue Management)– DESIDOC also developed SANJAY under NISSAT project– In 1984, LIBSYS Ltd. Developed LMSs.– Others software are like, SOUL, NewGenLib, e-Granthalaya etc.5/31/2013
  8. 8. History and Overview• In the last of the 20th century the open accessmovement started• Besides commercial software open sourcesoftware also came in the scene• In 2000 KOHA came in the market, and gainedrepute as the 1st free library automation software• In 2001 Budapest Open Access Initiative started• B-B-B : Budapest(February 2002), Bethesda (June2003) and Berlin (October 2003) influence theOpen Access movement5/31/2013
  9. 9. History and Overview• The library automation started full fledged inthe 21st century with integrated librarymanagement system• Now libraries are proceeding towards “next-generation” library catalog• After that the new technology Web ScaleDiscovery Services arrived5/31/2013
  10. 10. Library Automation- Debashis Naskar5/31/2013
  11. 11. What is Library Automation?Library automation may be defined as the applicationof computers to perform traditional library housekeeping activities such as acquisition, circulation,cataloguing, reference and serial control.5/31/2013Source:
  12. 12. What is Integrated Library ManagementSystem(ILMS)?“An automated library system that is capable ofmanaging the operations of more than one basiclibrary functions”-UNESCO5/31/2013
  13. 13. General Features of ILMS• Functional Module• Database System• Network Architecture• User Interface• Library Automation Standards5/31/2013
  14. 14. A Library with ILMSSource :
  15. 15. Library Software• Commercial ILMS-Libsuite-LIBSYS-SOUL-Alice for Windows• Open Source ILMS-KOHA-Emilda-OpenBiblio-GNUTECA-FireFly-WEBLIS-OpenILS-NewGenLib5/31/2013
  16. 16. LIBSYS• LIBSYS MODULES:– Acquisition Module– Cataloguing Module– Circulation Module– Serial Control Module– System Administration– OPAC (window OPAC)– Web OPAC5/31/2013
  17. 17. KOHA• Key Features:-Free/open-source software-Customizable Web-based Interfaces-Full MARC support-Contains All Core Modules-Includes Z39.50-Enhanced patron services5/31/2013
  18. 18. Resource Discovery in Libraries- Vikas Bhushan
  19. 19. Resources DiscoveryDSTC has defined it as real or conceptual objectsthat can be static, dynamic or persistent. It alsosays that discovery involves finding andretrieving, and includes:• The appropriate presentation of resources;• The ability to query and browse;• User management of
  20. 20. Evolution Of Its ToolsCard Catalog Dynix menu(Text Based) HTTP Web Based CatalogOPACSWSDS
  21. 21. Web Scale Discovery Services(WSD)• Pre-harvested central Index.• Fully featured Discovery Layer.• Single, simple search point.• Mutually Licensed contents.• Uses a unified index.• Relevancy- ranked results list.• Search pre-indexed data: return search resultsmore quickly.
  22. 22. WSD Components• Discovery LayerUser InterfaceSearch Systems for Discovering, Displaying andinteracting with the content in Library systems.• Central IndexLibrary Supplied DataOpen Access and Public domain DataPublisher Metadata and full TextWSD and mutually licensed material.
  23. 23. Pictorial View of Central IndexSource:
  24. 24. The big 4’s in WSD• EBSCO’s Discovery Service (EDS)• OCLC ’s WorldCat Local (WCL)• ExLibris Ltd.’s Primo Central Index (PCI)• Serials Solutions’ Summon (SSS)
  25. 25. EBSCO• Ability to include Institutional archives/repositories• EBSCO Discovery Service Enhancements• eBook Enhancements• Detailed metadata• Mobile 2.0
  26. 26. WORLDCAT (OCLC)• Reach more content• Available anytime, anywhere, any device• Search familiar collections• Increased visibility of library resources onwebsites your users use most Linked Data at OCLC WorldCatContinued…
  27. 27. WORLDCAT(OCLC)
  28. 28. Current Trends in Global Level-Sayon Roy5/31/2013
  29. 29. Cloud Computing• Cloud computing is a completely new technologyand it is known as 3rd revolution after PC andInternet• Cloud computing has large potential for libraries• It may help to reduce technology cost andincrease capacity reliability and performance forsome type of automation activities• Cloud computing pushes hardware to moreabstracts levels5/31/2013
  30. 30. Advantages of Cloud Computing• Cost saving• Flexibility and innovation• Openness• Create and collaborate• Information anywhere , anytime5/31/2013
  31. 31. Examples of Libraries• Examples of Cloud libraries– OCLC WorldCat– Library of Congress (LC)– Polaris– Encore• Some of the academic libraries in India– Indian Institute of Technology, Mandi– Chennai Mathematical Institute, Chennai– Azim Premji University, Bangalore– University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore5/31/2013
  32. 32. Provision of Alert Services throughSMS• SMS technology is now being used by many libraries to delivertheir services more effectively and efficiently• SMS could be used to provide quick, easy access to libraryservices• To remind the user about their due of books and if they wantto reissue it then they require to send an sms rather thanvisiting the library• They can know about the availability of any particular book bysending sms.• The sms facility can be used as a medium for thecommunication of reference queries in libraries• SMS is a cost effective and efficient interactive communicationsystem suitable for libraries other than email5/31/2013
  33. 33. The possible ways to send SMS fromLibraries• Library management software. Certain librarysystems include the option to automatically sendSMS text messages informing clients when areserved item has been placed on hold for them• Plug-ins integrated with library email system toenable email and SMS messaging• Via custom made software• By contracting the service out to an externalmessaging vendor5/31/2013
  34. 34. Dewey Browser5/31/2013
  35. 35. 5/31/2013
  36. 36. Library 2.0• The term “Library 2.0” was coined by MichaelCasey on his blog Library Crunch• The term coined from Business 2.0 and Web2.0• The Library 2.0 have these four elements:– It is user-centered– It may provide a multi-media experience– It is socially rich– It is communally innovative5/31/2013
  37. 37. Mobile OPAC• The mobile interface provides access to theintegral parts of the OPAC:– Search (Keyword, author, title, subject)– Search scope (College, University)– Basic display of results (cover images, title, author,publisher, description, ISBN)– Patron account (renew all items, view unpaidtransactions)5/31/2013
  38. 38. 5/31/2013
  39. 39. 5/31/2013
  40. 40. Conclusion- Sumanta Bag5/31/2013
  41. 41. Impact of ILMS•Share the resources with another libraries–Inter Library Loan–The OPAC–Copy cataloguing and union catalog• Improve efficiency–creating and recording bibliographic information inelectronic form that allows easy processing5/31/2013
  42. 42. Impact of Resources Discovery•Primary search tool that extends beyond printresources•More comprehensive information discoveryenvironments•Required less time for information•Getting scatter resources in a single interface5/31/2013
  43. 43. What difficulties are encountered inimplementing ILMS/Resource Discovery?•Lack of staff preparation in library automation•Infrastructure (Hardware, Software, Network)•Library fund•Lack of resources•Library management•User requirements•Support from administration5/31/2013
  44. 44. Conclusion•As emerging discovery platforms for libraries offer enormouspotential, they certainly leverage implementation of other web-basedlibrary services.•Transitioning to the next phase in the library automation history,discovery platforms promise an impeccable resource discoveryexperience for users, if the resources are relevant, contextual andconvenient, most importantly retaining them on library portals.•The researchers finding the right resources through the medley ofoverloaded information resources is a demanding job and a pressingneed for which discovery platforms would give a major fillip.•Although the technological adaptation and diffusion vary to differentcountries, in India the library automation industry’s growth has beenrather slack and sluggish.5/31/2013
  45. 45. References• Arjun & Kumar,Dinesh (2012). LIBSYS:A brand in LibraryAutomation. International Journal of Professional Development,Vol.1,No.2. Retrieved from on 18-05-2013• Raghavan, K.S. (2012). Integrated Library System beyond LibraryAutomation. National Conference on Integrated LibraryManagement System. Tumkur University.• Krishnamurthy,M. (2012). Library Management System to ResourceDiscovery : Recent Trends and Issues. National Conference onIntegrated Library Management System. Tumkur University.••
  46. 46. References• Mukhopadhyay, Partha Sarathi. “Progress of Library Management Softwares:an Indian Scenario”. Retrieved from<> on 09-05-2013• Babu, Preedip Balaji & Krishnamurthy M. (2013). Library Automation toResource Discovery: A Review of Emerging Challenges. The ElectronicLibrary, Vol. 31 No. 3.• Breeding ,Marshall. “Building Comprehensive Resource Discovery Platforms”.Retrieved from <> on 11-05-2013• Maness, Jack M. “Library 2.0 Theory: Web 2.0 and Its Implications forLibraries”. Webology, Volume 3, Number 2, June, 2006• Verbov, Alevtina. “Web OPAC - Mobile”. Retrieved from on 15-05-20135/31/2013
  47. 47. References• Deegan, Marilyn & Tanner,Simon (2002). Digital Futures starties forthe information age• Hoeppner,Athena (2012). The INS and outs of evaluating web-scalediscovery services. Computers in libraries, Vol.-32, No.-3• Vaughan,Jason (2011). Web Scale Discovery Services. LibraryTechnology Reports. Retrieved from http://www.alatechsource.orgon 18/05/2013• Chapman, Ann. Resource Discovery: Catalogs. Cataloging and theUser.• Chudnov,Daniel. A new Approach to Library Service Discovery andResource Delivery.••
  48. 48. Any Question?Source:
  49. 49. Source: You5/31/