Hawaiian Sustainability Town by Town

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Making the case for fitting small farms into and around Hawaii's small towns as an integral land use strategy for sustainability. Ken Stokes presentation at 2011 Hawaii Congress of Planning Officials

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Hawaiian Sustainability Town by Town

  1. 1. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 sustainability town - by - town • Highlight forces and trajectories • Outline system synergies • Apply to small island towns • Anticipate planning scope and tools Key Point: Community planners must extend kuleana to explicitly include food and energy securityThe Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  2. 2. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 Core Insights FROM SUSTAINABILITY THINKING 1. View sustainability as a place-based science. 2. Need solutions at scale, in time, for all. 3. Seek systems resolution for all challenges together.The Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  3. 3. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 thought-leader quotes “The  major  threats  and  opportunities  of  the  sustainability  transition   are  not  only  multiple,  cumulative,  and  interactive,  but  also  place-­‐based.   In  other  words,  it  is  in  specific  regions  with  distinctive  social  and  ecological  attributes   that  the  critical  threats  to  sustainability  emerge,   and  where  a  successful  transition  will  need  to  be  based.     A  useful  science  for  sustainability  would  need  to  balance   its  conventional  preference  for  universal  truths   with  a  deep  commitment  to  engaging   the  unique  sustainability  challenges  of  specific  places.”   How  could  S&T  better  support  a  transition  toward  sustainability?     How  could  community  planning?   Our  Common  Journey:  A  Transition  Toward  Sustainability   Board  on  Sustainable  Development,  National  Research  Council,  National  Academy  of  Sciences,  1999  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   “We  most  need  pathways  to  a  sustainable  future  that  deliver  solutions  which  are   at  scale,  in  time,  for  all.”     MIT  President  Susan  Hockfield,  2008  Keynote,  Alliance  for  Global  Sustainability  -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   “Too  often,  the  cause  of  our  problems  is  our  solutions.   We  cannot  resolve  any  one  of  these  threats   without  finding  resolutions  for  all  of  them  together.”     Amory  Lovins,  Chairman  &  Chief  Scientist,  Rocky  Mountain  Institute  The Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  4. 4. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 sustainability thinking about ...PLACES ...SYSTEMS ...FARMS ...AG LANDSThe Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  5. 5. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 island ‘places’ Pearl  City   Hilo   Kahului   Kihei   Wahiawa   Kailua-­‐Kona   Lihu`e   Hanapepe   Based  on  2010  Census  The Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  6. 6. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 scale of ‘places’ “ Census  designated  pl a ces”   2010        The Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  7. 7. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 Island systems & strategic sustainability 80% ghg reduction asap focus on four systems squeeze out fossil fuels redesign/retrofit all four simultaneously at town scaleThe Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  8. 8. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 sustainability mission: four systems TOGETHER Switch to renewables Food & Structures energy farms integrated with with soil- micro-grids building Squeeze out Retrofit fossil fuels roofs Grow, Homes and process & vehicles are store near plugged in residences Convert to electricThe Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  9. 9. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 four Investments in productive assets • To help islands achieve "climate prosperity" • Tackle largest parts of our ecological footprint * • Simultaneously bolster our community resilience 1. High-EROI renewable energy generation 2. Low-cost mobile/distributed energy storage 3. Grid-integrated vehicle/building conversion 4. Town-linked food production/distribution/storage • $40,000 per household total investment with high IRR • The first three investments are currently attractive to households/businesses • All four could also be financed by shifting equity out of pension/savings funds [ * energy, transport & food ]The Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  10. 10. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 Dominant model Sustainable model infinite competitive growth life cycle of the organism MAXIMUM ENTROPY ZERO ENTROPY from “Dream Farm” by physicist Mae-Wan Ho bigger fish swallowing the smaller self-similar fractal structure laying waste to everything in its path cycles turning within cycles like a hurricane the secret of sustainability no closed cycle to hold resources within dynamically closed cycle or to build up stable organized structures enables stable organized structures to build up and in a balanced way from “Dream Farm” by physicist Mae-Wan HoThe Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  11. 11. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 ZERO EMISSION FOOD & ENERGY (ZEFE) FARMS CYCLES WITHIN CYCLESThe Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  12. 12. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 ZEFE Farm System Feasible  composition  at  200 -­‐ acre  scalefrom “Dream Farm” by physicist Mae-Wan HoThe Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  13. 13. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 ZEFE Farms on Kaua`i Acreage required with ‘bio-intensive’ yields Based on 2010 Census counts and John Jeavons’ crop yield “Master Charts” * At bio-intensive productivity = 10 people per acre; Kauai needs ~30 ZEFE farms of 200 acres each (plus another 10 farms for growth by 2030; plus another 6 farms for distributed population) NOTE: Karl Kim’s IAL study estimates Kauai’s non-meat diet can be grown on 15,000 acres.The Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  14. 14. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 Kaua ` i Foodshed Mapping (987  acres  needed)   10,000   residents   (207  acres  needed)   (476  acres  needed)   2,250   5,000   residents   residents  The Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  15. 15. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 Need  650  ZEFE  farms  statewide  The Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  16. 16. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 hawai`I town solutions at scale • Small towns ZEFE farms • Long tail building blocks Possible with available land In time • Fossil fuel free ‘smart money’ n o w • Climate adaptation moving target Synergistic with ‘green’ trajectory For all • Co - op investments switch consumption • Town - by - town co nsensus plans Plausible with ‘enable’ strategyThe Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  17. 17. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 ENABLING THE TRAN SITION WHA T IF FOOD AND ENERGY ARE EMERGING IN - TOWN LAND USES? WHAT IF HOUSEHOLDS ARE INVE S TING IN COOP FARMS WITHIN WALKING DISTANCE? WHAT IF EACH TOWN FORGES IT S OWN FOOD AND ENERGY PLAN? WHAT IF CONNECTING ZEFE PARCELS IS A KEY CHALLENGE? WHAT IF FOOD - RELATED TRIPS (NOW 15 % OF TOTA L) LARGELY DISAPPEAR?The Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net
  18. 18. Local Food & Energy System s Planning for Sustainability Town by Town HCPO Kaua`i 2011 WHAT Extend planning kuleana Anticipate community resilience initiatives (especially food & energy) WHY Enable sustainability transition Drive collaborative investments (especially ‘green’ infrastructure) HOW Tool-up for ‘long tail’ Create pallet for small town retrofits (especially ‘opt-in’ process)The Kauaian Institute Ken Stokes kauaian.net

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