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  1. 1. I have never seen this kind of CITIZENSHIP diversity before- you see all DRUG TRAFFICKING sorts!! If Batman needed a bar to become or faced with harassed for drugs and visit, he’d find it here!! loud and noisy drunks money Sarah, tourist. harassed for become or faced with drugs, money loud and noisy Entry into Vaasankatu and sex drunks helsinki dark quarter not recognised by the state bombarded with sexuality of the space victims part-time, of sexual- students doing it harassment for quick money GENDER DISCRIMINATION Live performance in progress at the Vaasa out of choice curb crawlersThis is my space. This is the place I Goth Live Music in the social lawcall home. I am different but I am Venue. care system IMMIGRATION no rightsaccepted. alienation no recognition RACISMJuhani, goth resident on no awareness We are maintaining the ‘thai massage ’ SEX-INDUSTRY most likely toVaasankatu. continue in the Vaasankatu 2010 system as it ensures the safety of the profession SEX-TRAFFICKING sex-workers and provides the camaderie I have an opporuntiy to study. HUMAN RIGHTS that is present in any workplace....We This means I can leave this job have to ensure that women(and men) when I can get something are getting into this profession for the better. Vaasankatu’s history has not always been colourful. In the late 90s, the right reasons and with full knowledge of Apsara*, sex worker. street was hit by issues of street prostitution and the social problems the risks involved. associated with it. Prostitution is not illegal but the resultant policy Anni Koskinen, Helsinki Council Repre- chose to criminalise the buyer i.e. face upto four to six months of impris- sentative onment for dealing with a trafficked sex-worker or one who is being Helsinki District Quarter emerged pimped i.e forced into it. It also made buying and selling of sex in public from the idea of Helsinki for every- places illegal(Tani 2002). So, this definitely took the prostitution off the one. This developed further into ‘Helsinki for Others’, where margina- street and onto the cyber world and into the ‘ thai massage parlours’ lised and stigmatised groups of soci- (Helsingin Sanomat 2007). This created a scenario of ‘out of sight, out of ety were welcomed to make mind’ and it became unclear whether there was any crime involved and Vaasankatu their own. the system made it difficult for the sex-workers to seek help. In 2012, a new act was passed called the ‘Sex-worker Act’. , drawn up the Tram 9 Forum for Sex Workers and the Government. Vaasankatu street (and Junati e other areas in Kallio) was designated as the official working area for sex- work in Helsinki. The authorities decided that the design of the spaces Alexis Kiven katu for sex-work would be regulated ; some of these regulations include a sign ‘S’ denoting sex-work, clear window panes without and a reception desk. All the workers are given identification cards ( a debate was on Por whether to give them fake names to protect their privacy) and are sub- voo nka Fleminginkatu ject to health and psychological check-ups every six months. Since there tu are so many ‘thai’ massage places, they are also supposed to have in ad- vaasankatu dition, certification from the Helsinki Association of Practicing Masseurs. Tram 6 & 8 If any of the sex-workers possess foreign backgrounds, they are subject Sornainen to taking ‘Finnish’ classes and one day a week for skill-learning. This was put into place, so as to ensure integration into Finnish society , provide tu Helsinginka awareness of their rights, where they can seek help and if they wish, to have an alternative career, which is also supported by possible intern- Tram 8 ships in the government services. From here on, the wheels began turn- Tram 6 ing towards Helsinki Dark Quarters, Hameentie helsinki dark quarter 2010 Tram 9 2012 Sex-worker Act is passed. 2013 Vaasankatu gets its first ‘Anonymous’ Health Clinic f c/b r h m 2015 Redefining of Vaasankatu takes place. 2018 Vaasankatu Community Office(VCO) is set up. 2020 Vaasankatu is established as “Helsinki Dark Quarter’. Its buzzing with activity and swarming with people. You’d 2022 Lonely Planet votes ‘Helsinki Dark Quarter’ as the best have to be out of your mind to destination for Goths, Hippies, Sex-workers, Punks and think this place is dangerous. Having volunteer patrols was a good other sub-cultures. Heikki, resident. idea by the VCO. Even though we have buzzers that can call for up, it helps to The ultimate place for weirdos!! I be able to turn to someone in case of wish my country had this. emergencies. 2026 Trafficking of sex-workers is reduced according to Malcolm, tourist. studies conducted by Salli Aino*, sex worker. I am glad they took away those Everybody knows the code..the seedy windows of those sex-shops. Space design guide- fire escape entrance 2028 “Helsinki Dark Quarter’ voted as the safest place for drunks, the junkies, the punks, the By giving those windows stylized lines for the sex- sex-workers in the EU, according to polls. goths, the hips... and respects it treatment, the street looks more welcoming. worker workplace. because, they decided it. This is their 2030 Pakpao Koskinen, the first sex-worker, is elected to place. Sanna, resident on Vaasankatu. Parliament Pakpao, VCO. Helsinki Dark Quarters, get its inspiration from the Helsinki Design district, where the only difference is; this is a place specially zoned for sub-cultures. Though the initial aim was to change the users, it slowly each room fitted with buzzer became apparent that shifting the sex-workers would not solve the ‘problem’. Parallely, it was evident that there was a negotiation required for ‘different’ individuals to be a part of Helsinki. Thus, Helsinki Dark Quarters is not just a place but is symbolic of the diversity and cultures that exist over here and in any society. Thanks to the great connections, the city shares with St.Petersburg, Talinn, Gdansk, Warsaw, Vienna, Riga and other European cities, HDQ has become a ‘must-see’ on the tourism scene. visitors may wear a mask, to protect privacy, as Dark Massage, the first given by the reception The premise is that we are all equal but we have different identities, and goth massage place, reception area this is the norm of HDQ. A lot of the success and the present sense of in Helsinki Dark Quar- community can be attributed to the hardwork of the Vaasankatu Com- ter. Opened on 30 Feb- munity Office, also known as VCO. The VCO was developed as an initia- ruary 2018. tive to foster communal spirit amongst the residents and users of This is my space. This is the place I no stickering on glass Vaasankatu: it is a symbiosis between the reprsentatives of Helsinki call home. I am different but I am window, only ‘S’ signage Design Quarters and government. The structure is explained below. accepted. Juhani, goth resident on 2030 0 Vaasankatu. events representative * name changed to protect privacy. References Helsingin Sanomat (2007). Sex services offered at all education representative Helsinki Thai massage parlours visited by HS [online]. re resident representative [Accessed 9 May 2010]. Available from: <http://www.hs.fi/english/article/Sex services offered at all Helsinki Thai massage parlours visited council representative by HS/1135229829333>. business representative busi Tani, S. (2002), Whose Place is this Space? Life in the Street Prostitution Area of Helsinki, Finland, Interna- health and social work sex- sex-worker representative Vaasankatu Community Office (VCO) Organisation
  2. 2. Neighbourhood home neighbours local medical grocery local local civic law home neighbours local medical grocery local local civic law industry clinic shop street industry clinic shop street NGOs hawkers school body enforcement NGOs hawkers school body enforcement EXCHANGE F5.PROJECT EXPENDITURE F5.PROJECT EXPENDiTURE EXCHANGE F5.PROJECT EXPENDiTURE EXCHANGE i14.SKILL i8.SKILL i21.SKILL LiPS LiPS i5.LOCAL KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER i10.LOCAL KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER i18.LiPS STUDENT-COMMUNITY PROJECT i6.LiPS STUDENT-COMMUNITY PROJECT i9.LiPS STUDENT-COMMUNITY PROJECT i11. LiPS SKILL EXCHANGE i2.ORIENTATION AND COMMUNITY Local Guardian(LG) F4.LIVING EXPENDITURE F4.LIVING EXPENDITURE F4.LIVING EXPENDITURE Local Guardian(LG) SENSITIZATION WORKSHOP i13.LOCAL INFORMATION TRANSFER is now in 1st year i19.HELPER 4th year i17.LOCAL INFORMATION TRANSFER i4.LOCAL INFORMATION TRANSFER student 3rd year Student Guardian(SG) student i7. LiPS SKILL EXCHANGE Student Guardian(SG) i3.INTRODUCTION TO LiPS i12.PEDAGOGICAL SKILLS 3rd year i20.PEDAGOGICAL SKILLS i19.ASSISTANT student i19. LiPS SKILL EXCHANGE LiPS Skill Prog. Leader(LPL) i15.PROJECT DEVELOPMENT i8.PROJECT DEVELOPMENT i16.ORIENTATION AND i1.PROJECT DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY SENSITIZATION WORKSHOP Wellness team Wellness team Faculty Faculty i11.ASSISTANT IN i7.HELPER IN LiPS SKILL EXCHANGE LiPS SKILL EXCHANGE i19.PROJECT LEADER IN LiPS SKILL EXCHANGE i9.LiPS STUDENT- i6.LiPS STUDENT-COMMUNITY PROJECT COMMUNITY PROJECT i18.LiPS STUDENT-COMMUNITY PROJECT new student 2nd year student 3rd year student year 1: explore your year 2: empower your year 3: endowing your SYSTEM MAP OF LIPS neighbourhood neighbourhood neighbourhood F1.DESIGN PROJECT F2.SCHOOL FEE F3.ALLOWANCE COLLABORATiON investors parents LIPS is pla orm that would provide the students with safety and secu- rity they are lacking today. It is a 3 year round “service” which aims at integra ng the Srish an not only into the school but also within the local community through appointed actors and learning projects. The students par cipate in projects to not only learn from their sur- roundings but to also “give back” to their neighbourhood through school ini a ves. The proposal is to primarily build rela onships between Srish and its local community. It is sustained by: Making the interac on part of the curriculum. PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION Making use of the biggest asset that exists- human resource. Time is the capital here SRISHTI DESIGN SRISHTI DESIGN RELATIONSHIPS COMMUNITY RELATIONSHIPS COMMUNITY LIPS LOCAL INTEGRATION PROJECT FOR SRISHTI In conjunc on with Claudia Garduño, for Aalto School of Art and Design(Taik), Finland, Dec 2009. Designing Sustainable Product-Service Systems / Tutors: Deepta Sateesh(Srish ), Cindy Kohtala(Taik) VISION OF LIPS STORYBOARD OF YEAR 1Sept 2010-Won honourary men on in
  3. 3. Baseline scenarioSe lement pa ern•Vih , Nummela, Veikkola and Lohja•Vih and Veikkola are of sparse density. Nummela and Lohja aredenser in comparision.•But the farther away from the project site, the impacts are samebut marginal.•Focus is on Vih Municipality- Nummela being the economicmagnet.Popula on•Aging popula on•In-migra on into Vih is higher at the moment, probably youngfamilies moving to suburbs.Accommoda on•Housing is mostly detached and unrelated to each other.•Elderly mostly living in single households.•Private transport dependancyServices•Community centre, art galleries, faint amount of tourism•Administra on sits in Nummela•Agriculture is only about 2%, processing and services are themajor industries.•Unemployment is about 4.5% in Vih , about 600 persons.•50% of residents work in the Helsinki Metropolitan region.Standard of living•Purchasing power: currently, purchases exceed the sales.•Nummela purchasing power is posi ve, whereas Vih village andother areas are nega ve.•Required retail sales (including groceries) projected for 2065 is40000sq.m. Ideapark is 150000sq.m.Public opinionNewspaper clippings•Provided the scenario of poli cs.•Mo va on for the project such as the Prime Minister being infavour of it, as specula on he receives funding from Sukari, ownerof Ideapark.•Housing Minister Vapanen is against it but his party supports theproject.•Poli cal par es, even ci zens, are divided on environmental andeconomical issues.Social Networking•Facebook group ‘Ideaparki amiselle Loppu - Ei Enää Suomen Pel-loille•Issues raised- consumerism, carbon emissions, deteriora ngcentre.Mi ga onalterna ve 0Should the tourism increase, demands for certain services willincrease and the municipality needs to be prepared to provide itand consider the carrying capacity of Vih accommodate newin ux of popula on and temporary individuals.alterna ve 1•Adequate compensa on to the relocated•Ideapark is a Service industry. Vih needs primary industry as abasis, to provide jobs and increase popula on, and then maybe,Ideapark would be appropriate.•E ec ve transporta on service- to cut carbon emissions,reduce private vehicular use and increase accessibility.•Vih village and Nummela centre require strengthening. Thiscan be done by making the towns a rac ve such as ‘old town’/‘new town’ concept. Services have to be where people live.•Workshops and stakeholder interac on is required.•The planning process needs transparency and democra c par- cipa on.•Give something to the community, maybe as a CSR strategy forToivo Sukari. social impact assessment Ideapark Shopping Centre, Vih , Finland done as part of the ‘Environmental Impact Assessment of Ideapark’ with Heikki Luukkonen and Miina Ant-Wuorinen, Aalto University Jan-May 2010.
  4. 4. Examining the impact of changing contexts of learning environment on the enhancement of students’ motivation for learning technologies of low energy construction Kavita Gonsalves Dr. Masa Noguchi Sallly Stewart HOW ? uce Reduce WHY ? transportation n cost Reduce material cost Reduce Reduce WHEN ? construction on-site wor e work time cost Reduce labour cost Reduce off duce Reduce site work construction time Reduce time Reduce equipment Reduce d initial cost cost unnecessary transportation time Achieve Minimise imise Minimise Standardise Design cost esign Design time economic design sustainability Provide flexibility for future Reduce Use durable materials expansions Reduce maintenance future cost cost Incorporate easy to maintain systems Reduce energy consumption Provide volumetric c Build sustainable housing options p Provide Provide interior design design options options p Incorporate Introduce roduce social lusive inclusive Provide Provide exterior PV panel roof PV panel roof sustainability design esign g customisability y design options g p Double Double Provide flexibility in glazing glazing i Allow occupant design renovation han Roof garden o Roof Increase I Increase Reduce insulation thermal sunspace sunspace embodied performance Use passive performance e energy of building energy Minimise systems y envelope p Increase energy air-tight Reduce heat Achieve performance consumption loss compact Reduce volumes operating Utilise energy renewable Minimise Reduce energy exposure of window area sources building Maximise ximise envelope p environmental nvironmental Minimise use of non- Utilise low sustainability renewable sources of energy energy electric FAST diagram appliances Reduce construction Recycle wastage materials Reduce pollution Skylight Skylight k Floor as Floor as stack ventilation stack ventilation t rear view rear view thermal mass thermal mass weighted evaluation ighted evalu uation Abstract b.design guidelines d i d Higher education institutions in the UK are well aware of the significance of the Quality Enhancement (QE) that requires the continuous Qua c improvement of teaching practice. There is a potential that the implementation of the contemporary pedagogical theory helps architecture teachers design and plan the contents and objectives of their course(s) in such a way that reflective teaching is brought into full play. This im study is aimed at examining the impact of the contemporary pedagogical theory on the enhancement of students’ motivation for learning technologies of low energy construction that corresponds with societal needs for the 21st century sustainable architecture. Inevitably, the cons teaching and learning activities encompass the quantitative analysis of the potential use of passive solar applications, such as day-lighting activitie factors and solar gain, as well as micro power generation devices that include solar photovoltaic power generating systems. The creation of environm stimulative learning environment is necessary in turning passive students into active learners and critical thinkers of architectural tech- nologies. In this study, three settings as to learning environment outside lecture theatres are proposed for the further examination and two Macki postgraduates at the Mackintosh School of Architecture were selected for the student motivation analysis. This study is based mainly on the author’s personal interview with the selected students before and after the proposed events and his close observation of the students’ interv behaviour. The study found that a good relationship between teacher and learners and among learners is of importance in the development of reflective dialogue that in turn affects students’ motivation for their learning activities and the creation of stimulative learning environ- ment. nt.stude ts decision-making p ocessstudents in dec s o a g The Oxford Conference 2008 50 Years On-Resetting the Agenda for Architectural Education 22-23 July 2008, Examination Schools, University of Oxford, UK.
  5. 5. changing demographyThe population aged 65 and over grew by 31%, whereas population under 16 de-clined by 19%.16% of the UK’s population are 65 and above.ageing population will continue to grow during the first half of this century be-cause of the large numbers of the baby-boomers.People aged over 50 will be nearly 41% of the population in 2031.incomeDifferent kinds of background from white collared to blue-collared jobs.The older they get, the more they depend on their savings.As they grow older, they are also more likely to be in self-employment.If blue collared job, most likely to stay in public sector.Should the older generation be unemployed, they will be economically inactive due tosickness, injury and disability.older people are spending more on living expenses like food, clothes and transport.The age groups above 70 spend more than 10% on fuel and over 80, spendmore than 14% on fuel and power.ownershipone in two aged 50+ are more likely to own their homes.65-84 having a largest percentage of 63% of ownership.If faced with long period of unemployment, divorced, seperated households, most likelyto live in social property.Their homes are most likely to be non-decent housing where they especially are shortof :thermal comfortcannot be repairednot fitandcannot be modernised.living aloneNearly 15% of 50-59 line alone.30% of women aged between 60-74 live alone, whereas it remains at 15% formen.60% of women aged 75+ live alone, and men are 29%.Therefore, older people are:an increasing population,more likely to own their homesand stay in them,living longer andliving alone.But is current housing built for them ? characteristicsintegrating energy efficient measuresa home for lifein lifetime homes why?
  6. 6. lack of ability to changedonot have space for change.cannot re-organize rooms.Built to a different style and technology, difficult to modify.cannot afford change.aging and disabilityAging is physical and mental process, where physical change is termed as biologicalaging.Biological aging how communicating systems mechanical systems control systemsPsychological aging withdrawal from society disconnection do we loss of independenceHome becomes a hazard.communal and social needsenvironment excludes a person, it also excludes a person . planliving aloneapart from family membersdiminishing social connectionsunhealthy housingPeople are living longer and with medical improvements, have more secure health. a forthird of their homes is of indecent standards and are poorly maintained.homes not well-insulated, therefore ‘cold homes’hypothermia, cold-related diseases like pneumonia, bronchitisexcess winter mortality rate : elderly comprise larger percentage.homes become a danger to their occupants. this?fuel povertyThe energy efficiency status of the propertyThe cost of energyHousehold incomeFuel prices rising! ‘heat or eat’.housing optionshigh-income earning elderly, fit and independent individuals, live in retirement commu-nities and Cohousing.Low-income earning seniors normally live in sheltered housing, shared housing or adultfoster care.declining health and should seniors require assistance-residential care homes, extra-care housing, hospital accommodation and hospices available to them.‘unnatural environments’‘geriatric ghettos’.‘belonging’segregationdisconnectionlack of choicelack of independence housingsocial exclusionintegrating energy efficient measuresa home for lifein lifetime homes why?