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English Report

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English Report

  1. 1. APA (American Psychological Association) Style
  2. 2. MLA (Modern Language Association) Style
  3. 3. FOOTNOTE - information at foot of page. - a note at the bottom of a page, giving further information about something mentioned in the text above. A reference number or symbol is usually printed after the relevant word in the text and before the corresponding footnote. - explains or amplifies the text or to add information presented in a table.
  4. 4. TIPS FOR BUILDING AN EFFECTIVEPARAGRAPH: Focuses on only one central idea and develops the idea. Start the paragraph with what the reader already know and then depart from there to new information.
  5. 5.  Use techniques to connect together the sentences in the paragraph:  Use similar sentence construction for successive sentences.  Repeat key words in successive sentences.  Use pronouns to refer to nouns in previous sentences.  Use transition words to connect ideas.
  6. 6.  Each paragraph should contain three to seven sentences.  Long papers call for longer paragraphs. ( five to seven paragraphs)  Short papers call for short paragraphs. (three to five paragraphs)
  7. 7.  If a paragraph is too short, try developing the paragraph with examples, illustrations, details, definitions, data or descriptions. If a paragraph is too long. Try splitting the paragraph, relocating certain details or omitting tangential information.
  8. 8. SUGGESTIONS FOR STYLE AND VOICE Think PBS, Not MTV - Use a relatively formal style and voice. - The tone should be critical. Don’t Call Attention to Yourself Vary Sentence Length Don’t Try to Impress with Vocabulary
  9. 9.  Be Concise Develop an Arsenal Transition Words and Phrases • To connect ideas together: (furthermore, consequently, next, finally) • To signal examples: (for example, to demonstrate, as an illustration) • To indicate a contrast: (conversely, in contrast, on the other hand, but)
  10. 10. • To set up a subordinate idea: (although it might appear that, admittedly)• To argue for a position, thesis or viewpoint: (promotes, serves to, directly, furthers, suggests)• To argue for a solution or direction based on public policy or some other normative basis: (overriding, primary concern, subsumed)• To retort, rebut, or counter a proposition, theory or viewpoint: (however, a more thorough analysis, in reality)
  11. 11. • To point out problems with a proposition, theory or viewpoint: (nevertheless, yet, still, of course, problematic)• To argue against a position or viewpoint: (works against, undermines, runs contrary to)• To signal a conclusion of an argument: (therefore, thus, as a result, it follows that)• For your concluding paragraph: (in sum, in conclusion, in the final analysis)
  12. 12.  Use Rhetorical Question (Sparingly) -help to persuade the reader-or at least to make your point Avoid Empty Rhetoric Use Gender-Neutral Language

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