FOOTNOTE - information at foot of page. - a note at the bottom of a page, giving further information about something mentioned in the text above. A reference number or symbol is usually printed after the relevant word in the text and before the corresponding footnote. - explains or amplifies the text or to add information presented in a table.
TIPS FOR BUILDING AN EFFECTIVEPARAGRAPH: Focuses on only one central idea and develops the idea. Start the paragraph with what the reader already know and then depart from there to new information.
Use techniques to connect together the sentences in the paragraph: Use similar sentence construction for successive sentences. Repeat key words in successive sentences. Use pronouns to refer to nouns in previous sentences. Use transition words to connect ideas.
Each paragraph should contain three to seven sentences. Long papers call for longer paragraphs. ( five to seven paragraphs) Short papers call for short paragraphs. (three to five paragraphs)
If a paragraph is too short, try developing the paragraph with examples, illustrations, details, definitions, data or descriptions. If a paragraph is too long. Try splitting the paragraph, relocating certain details or omitting tangential information.
SUGGESTIONS FOR STYLE AND VOICE Think PBS, Not MTV - Use a relatively formal style and voice. - The tone should be critical. Don’t Call Attention to Yourself Vary Sentence Length Don’t Try to Impress with Vocabulary
Be Concise Develop an Arsenal Transition Words and Phrases • To connect ideas together: (furthermore, consequently, next, finally) • To signal examples: (for example, to demonstrate, as an illustration) • To indicate a contrast: (conversely, in contrast, on the other hand, but)
• To set up a subordinate idea: (although it might appear that, admittedly)• To argue for a position, thesis or viewpoint: (promotes, serves to, directly, furthers, suggests)• To argue for a solution or direction based on public policy or some other normative basis: (overriding, primary concern, subsumed)• To retort, rebut, or counter a proposition, theory or viewpoint: (however, a more thorough analysis, in reality)
• To point out problems with a proposition, theory or viewpoint: (nevertheless, yet, still, of course, problematic)• To argue against a position or viewpoint: (works against, undermines, runs contrary to)• To signal a conclusion of an argument: (therefore, thus, as a result, it follows that)• For your concluding paragraph: (in sum, in conclusion, in the final analysis)
Use Rhetorical Question (Sparingly) -help to persuade the reader-or at least to make your point Avoid Empty Rhetoric Use Gender-Neutral Language