Formal educational system.
Primary level to the tertiary
level of education.
The schools focused on the
There was a separate school for
boys and girls.
The wealthy Filipinos or the
Ilustrados were accommodated in
Colonial education brought more
non-beneficial effects to the
1. The first educational system for
students in the country was
2. Provide school institutions for
boys and girls in every town.
3. Spanish schools started
accepting Filipino students.
4. The Normal School was also
5. The friars controlled the
educational system during the
6. The missionaries took charge in
teaching, controlling and
maintaining the rules and
regulations imposed to the students.
7.The schools before were
exclusive for the Spaniards.
The Filipinos were only able
to enter the schoo1 in the
late 19th century.
The first established schools were
exclusive for the boys.
The Augustinians built the first
school in the Philippines situated in
Cebu in 1565.
College was equivalent to a
university during the Spanish
The first college school for the boys was
the "Colegio de San Ignacio" which was
established by the Jesuits in Manila in
They also established the "Colegio de
San Idelfonso" in Cebu in 1595.
In 1601, "Colegio de San Jose" was
In 1589, the "Escuela Pia" was entrusted
by the government to the Jesuits.
The University of Santo
Tomas opened in 1611 by
The San Juan de Letran for
the orphaned boys, in 1630.
"Colegio de Santa Potenciana"
was the first school and college for
girls. This was opened in 1589.
Colegio de Santa Isabel opened
The religious congregations also
established schools for the girls
The friars were effective in
evangelizing the Catholic religion to
One major failure of the educational
system of the religious congregations
was the withholding of the Filipinos to
learn other bodies of knowledge.
Education during the Spanish
regime was privileged only to
Several educated Filipinos
referred to as ilustrados began
movements directed towards
change in the system of
government in the Philippines.