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The girls are coming! Gender, youth and the new Basque literature

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A talk at the University of Birmingham. Department of Hispanic Studies. Nov. 2011

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The girls are coming! Gender, youth and the new Basque literature

  1. 1. The girls arecoming!Gender, youth and the newBasque literature Katixa Agirre University of Birmingham. Nov. 23, 2011.
  2. 2. Late but fast• Political division.• Diglossia, ban.• Multiple dialects, lack of a unified euskara.• Vindication of the language/national sentiment.
  3. 3. A super brief history of Basque literatureLinguae Vasconum PrimitiaeBernat Etxepare, 1545
  4. 4. Silbero, Silbia, Doristeo eta SirenaJoanes Lazarraga (Circa 1567)
  5. 5. and after that, until 1879…• Only 101 books will be published• Of which only 4 can be considered literary 1 1 Sarasola, Ibon; Euskal literaturaren historia. Lur. Donostia. 1976
  6. 6. Towards a “normalized” literature?• Basque Renaissance (1873-1876)• Until the outbreak of the civil war (1936)• 1970s: the emergence of the modern writer.
  7. 7. Any woman in the room?• Milia Lasturkoren eresia (Dirge for Milia from Lastur). (15th century)• Bizenta Mogel (1782-1854)• Tene Mujika, Katariñe Eleizegi, Julene Azpeitia, Sorne Unzueta… (19th-20th)
  8. 8. Along with the “modern” writer…• Arantxa Urretabizkaia (born 1947). Novel.• Amaia Lasa (born 1948). Poetry.• Mariasun Landa (born 1949). Children’s books.
  9. 9. The only woman in my textbook back in the early nineties Itxaro Borda (1959). Novel and poetry.
  10. 10. 2002: “Bost idazle/Five writers”
  11. 11. 2006: “Zortziunibertso, zortziidazle/ Eightuniverses, eightwriters”.
  12. 12. And finally the girls arrive…• Born in the 70s and 80s.• Have first published very early.• Get significant media attention• Critical mass (around 15/20%)
  13. 13. Born in the 70s Karmele Jaio, 2004Jasone Osoro, 1998 Aitziber Etxeberria, 2004
  14. 14. Born in the 70s (II) Garazi Goia, 2008Irati Jimenez, 2006 Irati Elorrieta, 2008
  15. 15. Born in the 80sUxue Uxue Alberdi, 2007Apaolaza, 2004. Nora Arbelbide, 2007 Katixa Agirre, 2007 Iratxe Esnaola, 2010
  16. 16. Igartza grant for young writers• 1998. Julen Gabiria, Connemara gure bihotzetan.• 1999. Xabier Etxeberria, Egun denak ez dira berdin. Accesit: Jasone Osoro, Korapiloak.• 2000. Fernando Morillo, Ortzadarra sutan.• 2001. Unai Elorriaga, Vant Hoffen ilea.• 2002. Julen Gabiria, Han goitik itsasoa ikusten da.• 2003. Asel Luzarraga, Karonte.• 2004. Karmele Jaio, Amaren eskuak. Accesit: Peru Magdalena, Lile.• 2005. Uxue Alberdi, Aulki bat elurretan.• 2006. Jon Martin, Ero.• 2007. Katixa Agirre, Habitat. Accesit: Irati Jimenez, Nora ez dakizun hori.• 2008. Eider Rodriguez, Katu jendea.• 2009. Uxue Apaolaza, Hiltzailea.• 2010. Garazi Kamio, Gerizpeko panpinak.• 2011. Goiatz Labandibar, Interrail.
  17. 17. Euskadi literary award• 1998: Felipe Juaristi, Galderen geografia• 1999: Anjel Lertxundi, Argizariaren egunak• 2000: Lourdes Oñederra, Eta emakumeari sugeak esan zion• 2001: Ramon Saizarbitoria, Gorde nazazu lurpean• 2002: Itxaro Borda, %100 Basque• 2003: Pello Lizarralde, Larrepetit• 2004: Jokin Muñoz, Bizia lo• 2005: Harkaitz Cano, Belarraren ahoa• 2006: Iban Zaldua, Etorkizuna• 2007: Xabier Montoia, Euskal Hiria sutan• 2008: Jokin Muñoz, Antzararen bidea• 2009: Xabier Lete, Egunsentiaren esku izoztuak• 2010: Fermin Etxegoien, Autokarabana• 2011: Ur Apalategi, Fikzioaren izterrak
  18. 18. A generation?• “as following a formula, similar trends have strengthen: a woman, her first book, a story set out of the Basque Country...” Jon Kortazar / El País, 2007-03-26• 16 tips to write Erasmus literature (Volgako Batelariak):Love, consuming love, a lot of passion...”set the fiction anyway abroad, a big developed city preferably”“Skip any political issue”“include a homosexual character”“Apply for the Igartza grant”
  19. 19. These girls, apparently…• Sell more• Have it easier to get published• Attract more media attention than their male counterparts• Write easy, “coolish” literature.
  20. 20. Variety• Of genre: poetry, short story, novel, children’s books...• Of themes: political, romance, civil war, family, crime fiction, social problems...• Of style: rough, naïf, baroquish…• Some translated, some not.• Some only one book, some very prolific.
  21. 21. Get a taste of it!and thank you very much! Eskerrik asko!

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