1.1 Key Concepts

285 views

Published on

Katie Gallagher 1.1 Key Concepts

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
285
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

1.1 Key Concepts

  1. 1. Definition & Goals of Psychology
  2. 2. Psychology <ul><li>Systematic, scientific study of behaviors and mental processes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Behaviors refer to observable actions or responses in both humans and animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental processes refer to a wide range of complex mental processes, such as thinking, imagining, studying, and dreaming </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Psychology : Systematic, SCIENTIFIC study of BEHAVIOR and MENTAL processes. <ul><li>Scientific Study </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Mental Processes </li></ul>
  4. 5. Goals of Psychology <ul><li>Describe different ways organisms behave </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the causes of behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Predict how organisms will behave </li></ul><ul><li>Control an organism’s behavior </li></ul>
  5. 6. Describe: Stating the facts <ul><li>Gather information about the behavior being studied </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of Description: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nomothetic * (Studying a group to find average or typical performance) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Idiographic (Studying an individual to find lawfulness in behavior) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Types of Research: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quantitative Research* (Studies whose findings are explained in terms of numbers) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Qualitative Research (Studies whose findings lack quantification) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Present what is known </li></ul><ul><li>* Used most often in psychology </li></ul>
  6. 7. Explain: Why people behave the way they do <ul><li>Propose explanations as hypotheses </li></ul><ul><li>Create and complete research designs to test </li></ul><ul><li>Construct theories </li></ul><ul><li>Modify theories </li></ul><ul><li>Spring board for new studies </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Predict: Predict what organisms will do, think, or feel in certain situations </li></ul><ul><li>Control: Influence or control behavior in helpful ways (applied science, practical applications) </li></ul>

×