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Ankle presentationhttp://www.footcarewindsorlasalle.com/orthoticswindsor.html

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A short slide show concerning the ankle joint. Compliments of http://www.footcarewindsorlasalle.com/orthoticswindsor.html

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Ankle presentationhttp://www.footcarewindsorlasalle.com/orthoticswindsor.html

  1. 1. Ankle Ligamentshttp://www.footcarewindsorlasalle.com/orthoticswindsor.html
  2. 2. Introduction□ Ankle joint: □ hinge-type synovial joint □ distal ends of tibia and fibula □ superior part of talus □ malleolar mortise□ Stable during dorsiflexion□ Unstable during plantar flexion
  3. 3. Top 3 Ankle Injuries#3: Actually, it’s only a scratch…http://www.footcarewindsorlasalle.com/orth
  4. 4. Medial Ligaments of AnkleDeltoid ligament:□ Two deep bands: □ anterior tibiotalar ligament □ tibionavicular ligament□ Two superficial bands: □ tibiocalcaneal ligament □ posterior tibiotalar ligament
  5. 5. Deep Deltoid Ligaments□ Anterior tibiotalar ligament □ from medial malleolus to anteromedial side of talus (McAlindon, n.d.)
  6. 6. Deep Deltoid Ligaments□ Tibionavicular ligament □ from medial malleolus to navicular tuberosity (McAlindon, n.d.)
  7. 7. Superficial Deltoid Ligaments□ Tibiocalcaneal ligament □ from medial malleolus to sustentaculum tali of calcaneus (McAlindon, n.d.)
  8. 8. Superficial Deltoid Ligaments□ Posterior tibiotalar ligament □ from medial malleolus to postermedial side of talus (McAlindon, n.d.)
  9. 9. Medial Ligaments of Ankle□ Limits eversion of the foot at the subtalar joint□ Limits dorsiflexion at the subtalar joint□ Limits plantar flexion at the subtalar joint (anterior tibiotalar ligament)
  10. 10. Top 3 Ankle Injuries#2http://www.footcarewindsorlasalle.com/orth
  11. 11. Lateral Ligaments of Ankle□ Ankle joint is reinforced laterally by three ligaments: □ anterior talofibular □ posterior talofibular □ calcaneofibular (Shannon, 2004)
  12. 12. Anterior Talofibular Ligament□ Lateral malleolus to the neck of the talus□ Flat and weak band□ Most commonly injured during ankle sprains (Ellis & Henderson, 1994)
  13. 13. Posterior Talofibular Ligament□ Malleolar fossa of fibula to the lateral tubercle of the talus□ Thick and strong band (D. Tyczynski, APCH 111 lecture, November 6, 2008)
  14. 14. Calcaneofibular Ligament□ Tip of lateral malleolus to lateral surface of calcaneus□ Round cord□ Often torn (eOrthopod, n.d.)
  15. 15. Lateral Ligaments of Ankle□ Dorsiflexion: □ limited by anterior talofibular ligament□ Plantarflexion: □ limited by calcaneofibular ligament and posterior talofibular ligament
  16. 16. ConclusionsBody parts most often injured in sport: □ ankles 12% □ fingers 10% □ face 9%□ Highest in basketball, ice skating & soccer
  17. 17. ConclusionsMost frequent injuries diagnosed: □ sprains/strains 29% □ fractures 21% □ abrasions 20%Ankle sprains:□ When motion of talus exceeds the limits of the joint-supporting ligaments□ Results in a stretch, tear or complete rupture of one or more of these ligaments□ Inversion, eversion, syndesmotic
  18. 18. ReferencesBerkowitz, M.J. & Bottoni, C.R. (2006). Taping and bracing contest ankle sprain. Biomechanics, 13(7), 18-24.D. Tyczynski, APCH 111 lecture, November 6, 2008.eOrthopod. (n.d.). Ankle anatomy. Retrieved November 28, 2008, from http://www.eorthopod.com/images/ContentImages/ankle/ankle_sprain/ankle_sprain_anat02.jp gEllis, J. & Henderson, J. (1994). Running injury-free. Emmanus: Rodale Press.Ivins, D. (2006). Acute ankle sprain: an update. American Family Physician, 10,1714-1720.McAlindon, R. (n.d.). Basketball and the foot and ankle. Retrieved November 28, 2008, from http://www.hughston.com/hha/a_16_4_3.htmMicheli, L.J. & Jenkins, M. (2001). The sports medicine bible for young athletes. Naperville: Sourcebooks, Inc.Moore, K.L., & Agur, A.M. (2007). Essential clinical anatomy. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Shannon, J.B. (2004). Sports injuries information for teens. Detroit: Omnigraphics, Inc.
  19. 19. Top 3 Ankle InjuriesAnd the #1 ankle injury is…http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PCdjTkM

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