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Unit 4 indications contraindications_cti

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Indications and contraindications for colon hydrotherapy.

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Unit 4 indications contraindications_cti

  1. 1. INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  2. 2. Agenda A. Indications A. Indications under prescription and direct physician supervision A. Contra-indications INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  3. 3. Learning Objectives 1. Understand X 1. Y 2. Z IN PROCESS INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  4. 4. Agenda A. Indications A. Indications under prescription and direct physician supervision A. Contra-indications INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  5. 5. What’s an ‘Indication’? “In medicine, an indication is a valid reason to use a certain test, medication, procedure, or surgery. The opposite of indication is contraindication” INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  6. 6. Indications for Colon Hydrotherapy Colon hydrotherapy has been shown to be beneficial for the following conditions. The following indications DO NOT REQUIRE a prescription from a licensed physician: 1. Abdominal Distension 2. Acute Fecal Impaction 3. Arthritis 4. Atonic Colon 5. Balance Physiologic Flora of Large Intestine 6. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 7. Constipation 8. Diarrhea 9. Food allergies 10. Headaches 11. Hemorrhoid (Mild to Moderate) 12. Hyper/Hypothermia 13. Intestinal Toxemia 14. Laryngitis 15. Mucous Colitis (aka IBS) 16. Parasitic Infections 17. Preparation for Surgery (Barium Enema, Colonoscopy, Sigmoidoscopy) 18. Prevention 19. Sciatica 20. Sinusitis 21. Skin Disorders INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  7. 7. 1 Abdominal Distension (i.e. gas) Description: • Occurs when substances, such as air (gas) or fluid, accumulate in the abdomen causing its outward expansion beyond the normal girth of the stomach and waist • Usually a symptom of an underlying disease or dysfunction • Described as feeling bloated, full, or having cramps Potential causes: • Excessive eating and sleep swallowing • Crohn's disease • Ulcerative colitis • Irritable bowel syndrome • Diabetes • Functional dyspepsia • Transient constipation • Other: milk intolerance, parasite infections, food poisoning (bacteria), celiac disease, severe peptic ulcer disease, bowel obstruction or after certain types of abdominal surgery Treatments for patients to consider: • Avoid foods known to cause gas (i.e. beans, cabbage, broccoli) • Chew food thoroughly and avoid drinking with meals • Take digestive enzymes and probiotics • Use squatting posture on toilet INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  8. 8. 2 Acute Fecal Impaction Description: • A solid, immobile bulk of human feces that can develop in the rectum as a result of chronic constipation • Abdominal pain and bloating could also be present Potential causes: • Physical inactivity • Not eating enough (particularly of fiber) • Not drinking enough water • Medications such as opioid pain relievers (suboxone, methadone, codeine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, etc.) • Thyroid dysfunction • Increased blood calcium levels Treatments for patients to consider: • Increasing dietary fiber • Increasing fluid intake • Exercising daily • Attempting to regularly to defecate every morning after eating INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  9. 9. 3 Arthritis Description: • A joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints • 100+ forms of arthritis exist • The major complaint by individuals who have arthritis is joint pain • The common symptoms for all arthritis disorders include varied levels of pain, swelling, joint stiffness and sometimes a constant ache around the joint Potential causes: • Trauma to the joint • Infection of the joint • Age • Autoimmune diseases • Food intolerances Treatments for patients to consider: • Anti-inflammatory approaches • Incorporating ginger and turmeric into diet • Alkaline-forming diet • Taking calcium to relieve joint pain INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  10. 10. 4 Atonic Colon Description: • Lack of normal muscle tone or strength in the colon • May result in chronic constipation • Also known as a “lazy” or inactive colon Potential causes: • Overuse of laxatives • Hirschsprung's disease Treatments for patients to consider: • Medication or surgery (as directed by doctor) INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  11. 11. 5 Balance Physiologic Flora of Large Intestine Description: • We are constantly depleting our intestinal flora via the processing of live toxins, medications, antibiotics, and a diet high in carbohydrates, sugars and alcohol • Such a diet often leads to an overgrowth of unfriendly bacteria and yeasts • We need to constantly re-bacterialize and replenish our inner environment Potential causes: • Medications • Poor diet (see above) Treatments for patients to consider: • Incorporate foods into diet that promote health flora (i.e. fermented foods) • Colonics wash out the bad bacteria and provide a habitat for the good bacteria to colonize and flourish INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  12. 12. 6 Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Description: • Profound fatigue that is not improved by bed rest and that may be worsened by physical or mental activity • Symptoms may include weakness, muscle pain, impaired memory and/or mental concentration, and insomnia, which can result in reduced participation in daily activities Potential causes: • Scientists don't know exactly what causes chronic fatigue syndrome. It may be a combination of factors that affect people who were born with a predisposition for the disorder Treatments for patients to consider: • Relaxation • Gentle exercise • Talk therapy • Hormone tests INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  13. 13. 7 Constipation Description: • Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass • Constipation is a common cause of painful defecation • Severe constipation includes obstipation (failure to pass stools or gas) and fecal impaction, which can progress to bowel obstruction and become life-threatening Potential causes: • Diet • Hormonal disorders such as hypothyroidism • Side effects of medications • Heavy metal toxicity Treatments for patients to consider: • Dietary changes • Laxatives • Biofeedback • Surgery INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  14. 14. 8 Diarrhea Description: • The condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day • Often lasts for a few days and can result in dehydration due to fluid loss • Signs of dehydration often begin with loss of the normal stretchiness of the skin and changes in personality Potential causes: • The most common cause is an infection of the intestines due to either a virus, bacteria, or parasite • Other causes include: hyperthyroidism, lactose intolerance, inflammatory bowel disease, a number of medications, and irritable bowel syndrome Treatments for patients to consider: • Increase fluid intake to avoid dehydration • Certain medications can help INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  15. 15. 9 Food allergies Description: • An adverse immune response to a food protein • Foods containing allergenic proteins include nuts, eggs, dairy, soy, wheat, fish, shellfish, fruits, vegetables, maize, spices, synthetic and natural colors, and chemical additives Potential causes: • Many food allergies are caused by hypersensitivities to particular proteins in different foods Treatments for patients to consider: • Treatment consists of either immunotherapy (desensitization) or avoidance, in which the allergic person avoids all forms of contact with the food to which they are allergic INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  16. 16. 10 Headaches Description: • A headache is pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck • It can be a symptom of a number of different conditions of the head and neck • There are more than 200 types of headaches • Some are harmless and some are life-threatening Potential causes: • Alcohol, particularly red wine • Certain foods, such as processed meats that contain nitrates • Changes in sleep or lack of sleep • Poor posture • Skipped meals • Stress • Underlying disease Treatments for patients to consider: • Certain medications • Detoxification • Food allergy testing • Massage • Relaxation INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  17. 17. 11 Hemorrhoid (Mild to Moderate) Description: • Hemorrhoids are vascular structures in the anal canal which help with stool control • They become pathological when swollen or inflamed Potential causes: • Irregular bowel habits (constipation or diarrhea) • Lack of exercise • Nutritional factors (low-fiber diets) • Increased intra-abdominal pressure • Genetics • An absence of valves within the hemorrhoidal veins • Aging Treatments for patients to consider: • Increasing fiber intake • Oral fluids to maintain hydration • NSAIDs to help with the pain • Rest INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  18. 18. 12 Hyper/Hypothermia Hyperthermia Description: • Elevated body temperature due to failed thermoregulation that occurs when a body produces or absorbs more heat than it dissipates Potential causes: • The most common causes include heat stroke and adverse reactions to drugs Treatments for patients to consider: • Hydration • Rest • Use of personal cooling systems Hypothermia Description: • A condition in which the body's core temperature drops below that required for normal metabolism and body functions Potential causes: • Hypothermia usually occurs from exposure to low temperatures, and is frequently complicated by alcohol consumption Treatments for patients to consider: • Warm drinks • Warm clothing • Staying active • Heating blankets • Warmed intravenous fluids INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  19. 19. 13 Intestinal Toxemia Description: • Intestinal toxemia is poisoning (infection) by decomposition products absorbed from the digestive tract • Intestinal toxemia occurs when large particles of undigested food enter the small intestine and colon Potential causes: • Poor diets, including: meat, dairy, wheat • Improper food combining • Excess gas Treatments for patients to consider: • Detoxification diet and lifestyle INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  20. 20. 14 Laryngitis Description: • Swelling and irritation (inflammation) of the voice box (larynx) • Laryngitis is usually associated with hoarseness or loss of voice Potential causes: • Acid reflux disease • Allergies • Excessive coughing • Inflammation due to overuse of the vocal cords • Prolonged use of inhaled corticosteroids for asthma treatment • Thermal or chemical burns • Laryngeal trauma, including iatrogenic one caused by endotracheal intubation • Infectious causes Treatments for patients to consider: • Voice rest • Cough sedatives • A humidifier or vaporizer • Drinking fluids • Medications INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  21. 21. 15 Mucous Colitis (aka IBS) Description: • A common gastrointestinal disorder involving an abnormal condition of gut contractions (motility) and gut sensation (hypersensitivity) • Characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, mucous in stools, and irregular bowel habits with diarrhea or constipation or alternating diarrhea and constipation • Also known as “irritable Bowel Syndrome” or IBS Potential causes: • Unknown Treatments for patients to consider: • Changes in diet (eating high fiber and avoiding caffeine, milk products and sweeteners) • Exercise • Relaxation techniques • Medications INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  22. 22. 16 Parasitic Infections Description: • An infection caused or transmitted by a parasite • Symptoms include abdominal pain, weight loss, increased appetite, bowel obstructions, diarrhea, vomiting, sleeping problems, worms present in the vomit or stools, anemia, aching muscles or joints, general malaise, allergies, fatigue, and nervousness Potential causes: • Contaminated food or water • Bug bites • Sexual contact • Lack of hygiene • Close contact with someone carrying specific parasites Treatments for patients to consider: • General detoxification • Proper hygiene • Medications INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  23. 23. 17 Preparation for Surgery Colon hydrotherapy is ordered before certain surgeries and procedures, including: • Barium Enema - an X-ray examination of the large intestine • Colonoscopy - a test that allows your doctor to look at the interior lining of your large intestine • Sigmoidoscopy - a procedure used to see inside the sigmoid colon and rectum INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  24. 24. 18 Prevention • Colon hydrotherapy can also be used as a preventative measure for cancers of the colon, liver, and digestive system, as well as for general health • When we normally move our bowels, we do not entirely empty the colon and material is left behind. A colonic flushes away what is left over, cleaning the body of waste and toxins that can build up and promote the growth of cancer cells • Along with a healthy diet and exercise program, regular colonics are part of a proactive plan to ward off disease and promote well-being INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  25. 25. 19 Sciatica Description: • Sciatica refers to pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling in the leg • Sciatica is a symptom of another medical problem, not a medical condition on its own Potential causes: • Injury to or pressure on the sciatic nerve Treatments for patients to consider: • Medication • Surgery • Spinal manipulation INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  26. 26. 20 Sinusitis Description: • inflammation of the sinuses Potential causes: • Infection from a virus, bacteria, or fungus • Autoimmune problems Treatments for patients to consider: • Rest • Drinking enough water to thin the mucus • Breathing low-temperature steam such as from a hot shower, gargling, or nasal irrigation can relieve symptoms • Medications INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  27. 27. 21 Skin Disorders Acne Description: • A common human skin disease, characterized by areas of scaly red skin, blackheads and whiteheads, pimples, and possibly scarring Potential causes: • Hormonal • Genetics • Psychological • Diet Treatments for patients to consider: • Medications • Procedures • Lifestyle changes Eczema Description: • Inflammation of the skin • Characterized by itchy, erythematous, vesicular, weeping, and crusting patches Potential causes: • Genetics • Allergic reactions Treatments for patients to consider: • Medications • Moisturizers Psoriasis Description: • A common skin condition that causes skin redness and irritation. Most people with psoriasis have thick, red skin with flaky, silver-white patches called scales Potential causes: • Genetics • Alcohol • Smoking • Obesity • HIV • Medications Treatments for patients to consider: • Topical creams • Phototherapy INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  28. 28. Agenda A. Indications A. Indications under prescription and direct physician supervision A. Contra-indications INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  29. 29. Indications under prescription and direct physician supervision Colon hydrotherapy has been shown to be beneficial for the following conditions. The following indications REQUIRE a prescription from a licensed physician: 1. Colitis 2. Crohn's Disease 3. Diverticulitis 4. Early Pregnancy (up to 4 months) INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  30. 30. 1 Colitis Description: • Inflammation of the colon • Symptoms include abdominal pain, loss of appetite, fatigue, bloody diarrhea, mucus in the stool, cramping, urgency and bloating • Signs may include abdominal tenderness, weight loss, changes in bowel habits (increased frequency), fever, bleeding (overt or occult)/bloody stools, diarrhea, and distension Potential causes: • Inflammatory bowel disease or infections are the most common causes Treatments for patients to consider: • Treatment depends on severity of condition • Specific treatment should be prescribed by a doctor and usually includes medications and dietary changes INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  31. 31. 2 Crohn's Disease Description: • Crohn's disease is a form of inflammatory bowel disease • It usually affects the intestines, but may occur anywhere from the mouth to the end of the rectum (anus) Potential causes: • Genetics • Environmental factors • Tendency of your body to over-react to normal bacteria in the intestines • Smoking Treatments for patients to consider: • Dietary changes • Stress management INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  32. 32. 3 Diverticulosis Description: • Diverticulitis is inflammation or infection of pockets in the colon wall (diverticula) • Some patients with diverticulosis complain of symptoms such as cramping, bloating, flatulence, and irregular defecation Potential causes: • Increasing age • Constipation • A diet that is low in dietary fiber • Connective tissue disorders (such as Marfan syndrome and Ehlers Danlos Syndrome) that may cause weakness in the colon wall • Hereditary or genetic predisposition Treatments for patients to consider: • Increase fiber • Avoid nuts, seeds, corn, and fried foods INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  33. 33. 4 Early Pregnancy (up to 4 months) • Women who are early in pregnancy (up to 4 months) should not receive colon hydrotherapy unless prescribed by a doctor INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  34. 34. Agenda A. Indications A. Indications under prescription and direct physician supervision A. Contraindications INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  35. 35. What’s a ‘Contraindication’? “In medicine, a contraindication is a condition or factor that serves as a reason to withhold a certain medical treatment” INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  36. 36. Contraindications for Colon Hydrotherapy Colon hydrotherapy should not be used for the following conditions: 1. Abdominal Hernia 2. Abdominal Surgery 3. Carcinoma of the Rectum 4. Cirrhosis 5. Colon or Rectal Surgery 6. Congestive Heart Failure 7. First or Third Trimester of Pregnancy 8. Fissures or Fistula 9. Intestinal Perforation 10. Renal Insufficiency 11. Severe Hemorrhoids INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE
  37. 37. Recap 1. Understand X 1. Y 2. Z IN PROCESS INDICATIONS & CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR COLON HYDROTHERAPY © COLON THERAPY INSTITUTE

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