Governance and Information Technology

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Summary of selected chapters from Governance and Information Technology, eds. Viktor Mayer-Schönberger and David Lazer

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  • Emphasizes the importance of all of these layers in determining interactionsInstitutions – legislature and law can influence cooperationTalks about obstacles to cooperation – cooperating effectively isn’t always in the best interests of agencies institutions and defined relationships between agencies can help with thisIndividuals and their social networks are important in maintaining momentum, leaders and champions are important for big projects
  • Governance and Information Technology

    1. 1. Governance and Information Technology <br />Eds, Viktor Mayer-Schonbergerand David Lazer<br />For LIS 2186 by Katie Ingersoll, Bryan Carnes, and Brian Taylor<br />
    2. 2. Global Perspectives on E-Government Chapter 2 – by Darrell M. West<br />“The most optimistic vision… is that the integration of new … ICT into governmentwill result in aradical disjuncture of business as usual…<br />The reality falls short of these utopian visions.” -<br />- Darrell M. West, p. 30<br />Photo by: flickr user edge211 ; <br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/nn_sf/3157497627 <br />
    3. 3. Compares global E-government in terms of : <br />Online Information<br />Online Government Services<br />Obstacles include: <br />Internet connectivity<br />Citizen’s privacy concerns<br />Government resources<br />North America and Asia have the most extensive e-government development<br />Photo by flickr user Ed Bierman, <br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/edbierman/2858105794/<br />
    4. 4. Case Study: Firstgov.gov, the United States’ web portal (now USA.gov) <br />
    5. 5.
    6. 6. Challenges to Organizational Change : Multi-Level Integrated Information Structures (MIIS) Chapter 4 - by Jane E. Fountain<br />“It is now eminently clear that the chief challenge for government is not the implementation of new technologies; it is organizational change required to develop more productive workflows. “<br />-Jane Fountain, p 64<br />
    7. 7. Multi-level Integrated Information System <br />Adapted from figure on p. 82<br />
    8. 8. Case Study: E-government in Singapore<br />
    9. 9. eCitizen– Singapore’s portal for citizens <br />
    10. 10.
    11. 11. Weak Democracy Strong Information: The Role of Information Technology in the Rulemaking ProcessChapter 5 - by Cary Coglianese<br />Direct strategies to Legitimize rulemaking by unelected bodies:<br />Strong Democracy<br />Interest Group Pluralism<br />Photo by Flickr user pasukaru76 <br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/pasukaru76/3629601725/<br />Technology is more likely to bring about pluralism than true strong democracy<br />
    12. 12. Case Study : The EPA’s EDOCKET site<br />
    13. 13. Now regulations from all agencies are at: regulations.gov<br />
    14. 14. Freedom of Information and Electronic Government Chapter 6 by Herbert Berkert<br />Transparency is: <br />-Essential to democracy<br />- At odds with current e-commerce paradigm in e-government<br />Focus should shift to general transparency and information available in a variety of forms<br />
    15. 15. Requirements for Freedom Information Legislation<br />General public’s access is the rule, not the exception.<br />Clearly defined privacy policies and protection<br />Clearly defined time limits for the government to answer request<br />Information holders must be held responsible for making their information accessible to the citizenry<br />Broad technical definitions of information objects, access facilitated by technology<br />If a document has portions that are exempt from access, citizens should still be able to access the nonexempt portions<br />The requester chooses the format<br />Costs are based solely on operational administration<br />Refusal of access subject to judicial review<br />Centralized monitoring of administrations<br />
    16. 16. Other Obstacles: <br />“Pendulum swing” of societal desired for public secrecy<br />Necessity of vibrant civil organizations requesting and presenting information<br />Movement of public data into the private sector. <br />EFF lawyers Marcia Hoffman and Nate Cardozo celebrate the arrival of two large boxes full of government documents relating to telecom immunity. <br />Photo by Flickr user hughelectronic<br />http://www.flickr.com/photos/hughelectronic/4095694755/<br />
    17. 17. Case Study – Marc Rotenberg and the Electronic Privacy Information Center<br />
    18. 18. Socio-Technologies of Assembly: Sense Making and Demonstration in Lower Manhattan Chapter 7 – by Monique Girard and David Stark <br />Collaborative projects aided by technology: <br />-Rebuilding and development of lower Manhattan<br />-Information about air quality health issues in Manhattan after 9/11<br />“New Yorkers deployed new technologies not only to increase the flow of information among a greater number of nodes but to build communities of interpretation. “ -p. 171 <br />

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