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Digital Collections; Web 2.0, the Semantic Web and Linked Data

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Guest lecture for a UniSA subject, INFS5079 in 2014

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Digital Collections; Web 2.0, the Semantic Web and Linked Data

  1. 1. INFS5079AccessingResources Digital Collections; Web 2.0, the Semantic Web and Linked Data 2014-05-21 Katie Hannan, Co-ordinator, Online Projects, SLSA #INFS5079 Slide #0
  2. 2. INFS5079AccessingResources Do not remove this notice. Copyright Notice COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA Copyright Regulations 1969 WARNING This material has been produced and communicated to you by or on behalf of the University of South Australia pursuant to Part VB of the Copyright Act 1968 (the Act). The material in this communication may be subject to copyright under the Act. Any further reproduction or communication of this material by you may be the subject of copyright protection under the Act. Do not remove this notice. #INFS5079 Slide #1
  3. 3. INFS5079AccessingResources #INFS5079 Slide #2
  4. 4. INFS5079AccessingResources Social Media (web2.0) • You know what this is… • You are probably using this every day • If you’re not, at least make sure you know how to use it • No longer just a fad #INFS5079 Slide #3
  5. 5. INFS5079AccessingResources #Socialnomics Short 2014 Erik Qualman, 2014, http://youtu.be/YV-3ZgLRnAc #INFS5079 Slide #4
  6. 6. INFS5079AccessingResources Donuts Image: http://www.geek.com/articles/geek-cetera/social-media-explained-with-donuts-20120210/#INFS5079 Slide #5
  7. 7. INFS5079AccessingResources Social Media at SLSA • Facebook • @SLSA • Flickr • YouTube • Pinterest • HistoryPin • Digital Volunteering #INFS5079
  8. 8. INFS5079AccessingResources #INFS5079 Slide #7
  9. 9. INFS5079AccessingResources Social Media Summary • Changes the balance – consumer/customer in control • From static to interactive web experiences • Web 1.0 was access to information, web 2.0 is access to people #INFS5079 Slide #8
  10. 10. INFS5079AccessingResources Digital Collections • Collections are more than just books • Items that are a part of a larger donated set • Art objects • Sound and moving pictures • Born digital (Hardesty, 2014) #INFS5079 Slide #9
  11. 11. INFS5079AccessingResources Google Cultural Institute #INFS5079 www.google.com/culturalinstitute
  12. 12. INFS5079AccessingResources Online Transcriptions • First there was the Australian Newspapers Digitisation Program now incorporated into Trove…
  13. 13. INFS5079AccessingResources Think Different • “The mission of the library is not to gather physical things into an inventory, but to organize human knowledge that has been inconveniently packaged” – Karen Coyle, p. 8, 2012 #INFS5079 Slide #12
  14. 14. INFS5079AccessingResources Semantic Web • What is it? "spider-Web-Luc_Viatour" by Luc Viatour, Flickr#INFS5079 Slide #13
  15. 15. INFS5079AccessingResources What is it? • Semantic web uses metadata & linked data to add context to data • Resource Description Framework (RDF) → Extensible Markup Language (XML) → Semantic Web • Using RDF to describe the abbreviation for South Australia • Needs to have a subject, predicate, object (hence, RDF triple) <urn:x-states:South%20Australia> <http://purl.org/dc/terms/alternative> “SA”. In English the statement ‘South Australia has the postal abbreviation SA' , ‘South Australia' would be the subject, 'has the postal abbreviation' the predicate and ‘SA' the object. #INFS5079 Slide #14
  16. 16. INFS5079AccessingResources Implementations – Linking History in Place • Tests the practical application of LOD protocols as a means to share cultural material #INFS5079 Slide #15
  17. 17. INFS5079AccessingResources British National Bibliography LOD • Subset of the full British National Bibliography • Includes published books and serial publications, representing approximately 2.8 million records #INFS5079 Slide #16
  18. 18. INFS5079AccessingResources Out of the Trenches – A LOD project • Proof of concept • RDF/XML • Existing ontologies • 5 partners #INFS5079 Slide #17
  19. 19. INFS5079AccessingResources Out of the Trenches – A LOD project Pan-Canadian Documentary Heritage Network, 2012, http://youtu.be/JW8Hj-80VI8 #INFS5079 Slide #18
  20. 20. INFS5079AccessingResources South Australian Red Cross Information Bureau (SARCIB) #INFS5079 Slide #19
  21. 21. INFS5079AccessingResources SARCIB #INFS5079 Slide #20
  22. 22. INFS5079AccessingResources SARCIB #INFS5079
  23. 23. INFS5079AccessingResources SARCIB #INFS5079 Slide #22
  24. 24. INFS5079AccessingResources SARCIB #INFS5079
  25. 25. INFS5079AccessingResources L – R: Philip De Quetteville Robin, George Darling Beames, Brunel John Nash. Norwood Football Club players. These three were amongst the first players to enlist. Only Beames survived the war. SLSA B46130/286 #INFS5079 Slide #24
  26. 26. INFS5079AccessingResources Brunel J Nash George Beames Arthur Blackburn Red Cross Enquiry Trove National Archives records SA Football Norwood Football Club Played football obituary enlisted 1915 Gallipoli Campaign Victoria Cross Played with Philip DeQ Robin Represented SA witness Played with #INFS5079 Slide #25
  27. 27. INFS5079AccessingResources
  28. 28. INFS5079AccessingResources LOD Next Steps • Overcome challenges • Changes to standards • Privacy • Trust • NSLA Digital Skills working group #INFS5079 Slide #27
  29. 29. INFS5079AccessingResources GLAM? • Understand our customers – Want quick, personalised access and service – Prefer online library resources vs. print – Increasingly self sufficient, navigating and making choices – Increasingly satisfied with the quality of info found – Used to content in any format and want to reuse that content – Expect 24/7 service – Wired – more mobile – Accustomed to multi-tasking #INFS5079 Slide #28
  30. 30. INFS5079AccessingResources The Future? #INFS5079 Slide #29
  31. 31. INFS5079AccessingResources References • Slide 2 - http://pixabay.com/en/tree-structure-networks-internet-200795/?oq=social%20media%20tree • Slide 4 - Qualman, E. (2014). #Socialnomics short 2014, http://youtu.be/YV-3ZgLRnAc • Slide 5 - Humphries, M. (2012). Social media explained with donuts, http://www.geek.com/articles/geek-cetera/social-media- explained-with-donuts-20120210/ • Slides 6-7 - State Library of South Australia (SLSA) • Slide 10 - http://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/, http://www.pinterest.com/CanberraTourism/autumn-in-canberra/, http://www.nb.no/nbsok/search/?lang=en, http://gallery.slv.vic.gov.au/free-secular-democratic, https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/rijksstudio?ii=0&p=0, http://mtchl.net/manlyimages/index.html, http://victoriancollections.net.au/ • Slide 11 - http://transcribe.naa.gov.au/, http://www.ala.org.au/, https://transcription.si.edu/, http://www.archives.gov/citizen- archivist/transcribe/ • Slide 12 - Coyle, K. (2012). Think “Different”, http://kcoyle.net/presentations/thinkDiff.pdf • Slide 13 - Viatour, L. "spider-Web-Luc_Viatour“, https://flic.kr/p/7tnTKo • Slide 15 - http://cv.vic.gov.au/linking-history/ • Slide 16 - http://bnb.data.bl.uk/ • Slide 18 - Pan-Canadian Documentary Heritage Network, (2012), Out of the trenches, http://youtu.be/JW8Hj-80VI8 • Slide 19 - 21 - SLSA • Slide 22 – SLSA, THE LATE PRIVATE B. J. NASH. (1916, November 4).Chronicle (Adelaide, SA : 1895 - 1954), p. 43. Retrieved May 19, 2014, from http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article87526653 • Slide 23 - http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/scripts/Imagine.asp?B=7994115&I=1&SE=1, http://www.cwgc.org/find-war- dead/casualty/718403/NASH,%20BRUNEL%20JOHN, https://www.aif.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=220473 • Slide 24 - SLSA B46130/286 • Slide 26 - State Library of South Australia catalogue, Trove, National Archives of Australia, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, SANFL Marketing http://www.flickr.com/photos/39260735@N03/8064913577 • Slide 29 - http://blog.law.cornell.edu/voxpop/files/2010/02/radarnetworkstowardsawebos.jpg • Slide 32 - "Question Mark, Ipswich, 22 September 2013" by ed_needs_a_bicycle, Flickr, https://flic.kr/p/g4qBD2 #INFS5079 Slide #30
  32. 32. INFS5079AccessingResources Linktastic • Visit Delicious for all URLs mentioned in this presentation • Follow these people on twitter: – @wragge – @paulhagon – @lukask – @jonvoss – @In9r1d – @rtennant • Check out these videos: – Tim Berners-Lee: The next web – Linked Open Data - What is it? – What is Linked Data? – Linked Data for Libraries • Other Reading – Hardesty, J. L. (2014). Exhibiting library collections online: Omeka in context.New Library World, 115(3/4), 2-2. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/NLW-01-2014-0013 – Warwick, C., Warwick, C., Terras, M., & Nyhan, J. (2012). Digital humanities in practice. Facet Publishing. #INFS5079 Slide #31
  33. 33. INFS5079AccessingResources #INFS5079 Feel free to contact me! Katie Hannan Co-ordinator, Online Projects hannan.katie@slsa.sa.gov.au

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