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Creative Commons Licenses for eScholarship Journals

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July 2013 presentation about Creative Commons licensing options for open access journals using eScholarship

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Creative Commons Licenses for eScholarship Journals

  1. 1. Creative Commons licenses for eScholarship journals: Why, what and how Katie Fortney katie.fortney@ucop.edu help@escholarship.org July 24, 2013
  2. 2. Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) • ~10 years old • ~10,000 journals • Inclusion in DOAJ = better discoverability, implication of quality Obsolete Book - 5/365 by Jamie CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamiesrabbits/4248396588/ New (draft) criteria announced 6/12/13 • Need a CC license to be listed • Need a CC BY license for the new “DOAJ Seal of Approval” – http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func= news&nId=303&uiLanguage=en
  3. 3. Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) • ~5 years old • ~70 members • “At OASPA, one of the criteria for membership is that a publisher must use a liberal license that encourages the reuse and distribution of content. We strongly encourage publishers to choose a Creative Commons license and recommend (but currently do not require) the use of the CC-BY license wherever possible. . . . OASPA will currently also admit members who have a CC-BY-NC policy.” – OASPA Frequently Asked Questions, http://oaspa.org/information-resources/frequently-asked-questions/
  4. 4. It’s a jungle out there. • Open Access Advocacy -> OA standards and best practices • Easily visible indicators of who’s following the rules Tiger Profile by Kenneth Barrett CC BY-NC http://www.flickr.com/photos/griangrafanna/218580624/ Predator
  5. 5. Open Access vs. Copyright’s Default Half-open door to Heaven by Klearchos Kapoutsis CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/klearchos/4761478827/ “open access is about more than access – open access removes access and reuse barriers, and thus has the potential to transform the literature into a much more powerful resource for research, education and innovation.” – OASPA FAQ
  6. 6. CC Licenses as a Solution • Require giving credit • Author keeps copyright ownership • Widely used (for all kinds of content) • Machine readable • Six different licenses to choose from Keys, USS Bowfin by Joseph Novak CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/josephleenovak/5559755789/
  7. 7. CC BY: Attribution Bare bones by Caroline CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/hills_alive/8511444405/ Currently used by PLOS, BioMedCentral, Springer, Wiley, the Institute of Physics, and others.
  8. 8. The NonCommercial (NC) Restriction • E.g. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by- nc/3.0/legalcode • Some debate/confusion about what counts as “commercial” • Broadest possible reuse vs. discomfort with commercial activity Forex Money for Exchange in Currency Bank by epSos.de CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/epsos/8463683689/
  9. 9. The No Derivative Works (ND) Restriction • E.g. http://creativecommons.org/licens es/by-nd/3.0/legalcode • No “translation, adaptation, derivative work,” etc. • Inclusions in collections and anthologies still allowed. • Encouraging as many translations as possible vs. tightly controlling them Building Blocks by tiffany terry CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/35168673@N03/6086229920/
  10. 10. The ShareAlike (SA) Restriction • E.g. http://creativecommons.org/lic enses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode • Applies to Adaptations, but not Collections • Ensures translations will be shared, but dictates translators’ choice of license Photo by Katie Fortney
  11. 11. Choosing a License Think about needs of • Journal • Journal readers • Contributors • Services and intermediaries Stone balancing! by Giles Turnbull CC BY-NC http://www.flickr.com/photos/gilest/132093750/
  12. 12. Nuts and Bolts: Author Agreements • Journals adopting CC licenses will need to update author agreements • We have samples showing how to add the CC aspect to the standard agreement • Any other questions about journal’s author agreements?
  13. 13. Nuts and Bolts: Page Display CC license information will appear on journal landing page sidebar, article display sidebar, and PDF cover pages.
  14. 14. Resources and Tools • Creative Commons has LOTS of information and resources, – About the Licenses: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ – NonCommercial (definitions and confusion): http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Defining_Noncommercial – ShareAlike: http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Share_Alike – Wiki, FAQs: http://wiki.creativecommons.org/FAQ • DOAJ proposed new critera: http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=news&nId=303&uiLanguage=en • OASPA FAQ on licensing: http://oaspa.org/information- resources/frequently-asked-questions/
  15. 15. Questions? Question mark sign by Colin Kinner CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/colinkinner/2200500024/

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