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The shofar: A blast from the past

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The shofar: A blast from the past

  1. 1. By: Ben Issler and Katherine Salcedo-Concepcion
  2. 2. Introduction 16 instruments mentioned in the Torah Shofar appears 72 times Mentioned in the Old Testament  Most frequent instrument Instrument developed by the ancient Hebrews  Specific manufacture instructions given by rabbi  Made from Ram’s right horn  Smooth Horn  Crescent shaped
  3. 3. The Shofar Etymology means “trumpet” First used in Torah(Exodus 19:16,19)  On Mount Sinai  Camp trembled with fear
  4. 4. Forms of the Shofar Ritual  Memorial of blowing of trumpets (Leviticus 23:24)  Day of Atonement (Leviticus 25:9)  Transfer of the Ark (2 Samuel 6:15) War  Walls of Jericho (Josh 6:4,6,8,13) ○ Symbolic meaning ○ Perceived as being supernatural Signal  Commands and ceremony (1 Kings 1:34,39)  Feast of New Moon (Psalm 81:3)  Alarm (Ezekiel 33:3)  Solomon’s Succession to the Throne (1 Kings 1:34) Confounding Evil  Solomons prayer (1 kings 8:37, Leviticus 26:6)
  5. 5. Instrumentation Two forms:  Linear Shofar  Yemenite Shofar
  6. 6. Calls of the Shofar Tekiah Teruah Shevarim TekiahGedolah Others calls
  7. 7. Rosh HashanahTekiah – shevarim – teruah – tekiahTekiah – shevarim – tekiahTekiah – teruah – tekiah Numbers 10:6-8 describes these blasts
  8. 8. Movie: The Four 4 Traditional Shofar Blastshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HkThNw210is
  9. 9. Modern Representationthroughout the world Differences when it’s used Differences in how it’s made Different calls used
  10. 10. Symbolism Monotheism Transcendental powers (sound of the neshama) References in Torah to the sound God makes while walking Part of a dominant cultural symbol During Rosh Hashanah Different sounds symbolize different meanings  Tekiah  Teruah  Shevarim  TekiahGedolah
  11. 11. Oriental Fantasy Stage performance sound clip.
  12. 12. How it is used in modern Israel Rosh Hashanah/Yom Kippur Presidency Welcoming Shabbat Holocaust  Siren sounded for two minutes on Yom Hashoah (Day of Remembrance)  Meant to match theShofarwail  Shofar as a call for action
  13. 13. Resources http://www.mid-east.com/Info/shofars.html The Sounding of the Shofar: David Wulstan “Accessories of Holiness”: Defining Jewish Sacred Objects by Virginia Greene. http://www.myjewishlearning.com/holidays/ Jewish_Holidays/Rosh_Hashanah/In_the_ Community/Shofar.shtml http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles /13602-shofar

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