Why art?


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  • The right side of the brain is what we will be talking about in today’s program
  • Why art?

    1. 1. IT ALL BEGAN ….. The Museum of Modern Art in New York City (MOMA), developed a drop in program for persons with cognitive impairment.  The program provided those with cognitive impairment the opportunity to engage in discussions about the art pieces that are displayed in the museum.  Guided tours with directed questions were used to encourage the response from those who may or who cannot respond to general conversations.  These tours gave those with cognitive impairment the opportunity to express themselves when viewing the paintings that were included in the tour. The Virginia Museum of Fine Art in Richmond was approached by the Alzheimer’s Association, Greater Richmond Chapter to possibly develop a program that paralleled the program at MOMA.  ART Links was and is the program that still offers the opportunity for art engagement at the VMFA.
    2. 2. IT ALL BEGAN ….. • In California, a program was developed to give those with cognitive disabilities an opportunity to participate in creation of art. This program was adapted by the Alzheimer’s Association Chapter in Orange County California, and is known as Memories in the Making. • The Alzheimer’s Association, Greater Richmond Chapter has adapted this program for those in the Chapter Area who have cognitive impairment and provides this through the day centers in Gloucester and Warsaw as well as in the early stage and young on-set support groups. • This Greater Richmond Chapter also offers training once a year for activity professionals and families on how to engage in these experiences.
    3. 3. “Creative expression is important for everyone, but it is even more important for those with dementia diseases for whom other avenues of self-expression can be severely limited.” Ann Basting and John Killick The Art of Dementia Care A Resource Guide
    4. 4. “ The human spirit does not disappear…..we stay connected to the person we are for longer than is realized.” Dr. Bruce Miller
    5. 5. ALL HUMANS NEED TO: Feel loved Feel safe Have a sense of purpose Be free Abraham Maslow, et all, 1943
    6. 6. “SOCIAL INVOLVEMENT…… of those diagnosed with dementia diseases is important in possibly slowing the progress of the disease in the early stages.” “Determining Preferences and Feasibility for Institution Brain Health Lifestyle, program for older adults in continuing care retirement communities. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, Volume 3, Issue 3, Supp 2, July, 2007
    7. 7. Four major symptoms of dementia diseases are: •MEMORY LOSS •LANGUAGE DIFFICULTIES •JUDGEMENT •DISORIENTATION
    8. 8. “WHEN THE BRAIN IS AFFECTED BY A DISEASE, such as Alzheimer’s or a malfunction such as a blockage to the brain supply or by an injury, we begin to experience life differently and may in time act differently.” Hearing the Person with Dementia Bernie McCarthy
    9. 9. LEFT BRAIN VS RIGHT BRAIN The left side of the brain is where our language skills are contained. Right side – music, art, creative side Rhythm, pitch, and melody are all processed by a different and distinct part of the brain
    10. 10. THE PERSON WITH DEMENTIA MAY: • Understand more than you think AND may respond if given time. (It may take up to 90 seconds for the person to respond.) • Can do more than we allow them to do. • Respond positively to routines and schedules that mimic her life long routine and schedules.
    11. 11. “Because art activities do not have a “right” or a “wrong” answer, they can help solidify bonds between caregivers and people with dementia by giving them a space in which they can play together. Together they can experience the joy of creating something new and of communicating on an emotional level.” Johanna Misey Boyer, Author Creativity Matters
    12. 12. WHY USE ART MEDIUMS AND CREATIVE EXPRESSION WITH THOSE WITH COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT? • Provides a voice to be heard and respected. • The forms created are secondary to the process of creating. • Motor skills enhanced • Sparks memories and feelings • Provides a way to tell “their story” • Decreases isolation and depression
    13. 13. OPPORTUNITIES FOR CREATIVITY MAY…… • Provide a sense of freedom of expression • Increase self esteem • Provide a sense of connection to the community in which the person lives • Decrease behavioral challenges • Allow a safe place for expression, builds confidence and emotional well-being • Decrease medications and boost immune system
    14. 14. Art is not limited to one cerebral channel.
    15. 15. “If you look at a newspaper or a photo album, those pictures can instantly transport you to another time and place in life. The process of creating images from one’s own unconscious is even more powerful than looking at the painting of another. Both can evoke response but the process of creating the image is more to evoke personal memories.” Nancy Gerber, PhD, Director of graduate art therapy education at Drexel University,. Philadelphia. PA. “The Art of Therapy,” Neurology Now, Nov- Dec, 2006
    16. 16. The memory belongs to the person who created it. Consider it an honor to have this memory shared with you.
    17. 17. •a work of art can tell a story. •express an emotion, recreate a memory and serve as a vehicle of expression. Art allows for validation of feelings and a way to communicate with each other. WHEN WORDS FAIL,
    18. 18. “….While the arts are not a cure, they can dramatically improve the quality of life that remains and the quality of care giving relationships.” Ann Davis Basting The Arts and Dementia, A Resource Guide
    19. 19. A sense of meaning and purpose can improve quality of life and mood and behavior. We all need meaning and purpose in our lives.
    20. 20. Alzheimer’s Association, Greater Richmond Chapter 4600 Cox Road Ste 130 Glen Allen, VA 23060 Phone 804-967-2580 Fax 804-967-2588 Toll Free 800-272-3900 www.alz.org