These are drugs which relieve pain and
produce profound sleep or "narcosis”.
Medically , they are used as potent pain
killers, cough depressants and as active
components of anti diarrheal preparation.
Narcotics include opium and its
derivatives such as morphine, heroin and
cocaine; demerol, methadone and other
synthetic chemicals, which have morphine
like action .
is the dried latex obtained from the opium
poppy (Papaver somniferum). It’s popularly
known as “gum” or “ sleep of death”.
The Sumerian, Assyrian, Egyptian, Indian,
Greek, Roman, Persian and Arab
Empires all made widespread use of
opium, which was the most potent form of
pain relief then available, allowing ancient
surgeons to perform prolonged surgical
Effects of Opium
1. Dwelling pain
2. Euphoria and detachment from anxieties
3. Crude opium becomes more valuable
when convert into morphine and
heroine which in many times more potent
than opium itself.
4. Induce sleep.
5. Anxiety and depressions
is the substance that was first extracted
from opium in 1905. It is a potent opiate
analgesic drug that is used to relieve
severe pain. As a pain killer, it is about ten
times stronger than crude opium but has
high dependence-producing potential.
It is a derivative of morphine. It is commonly
available in cough preparations such as
mercodol, cosanyl, Chuacol,Romilar and
others. These cough medicines have been
widely-abused by Youngsters whenever
narcotics are hard to obtain.
Codeine is less additive than morphine or
heroine and is also less potent in terms of
including euphoria. Withdrawal symptoms,
when they occur, are less severe than
Heroine-was discovered in 1898.This is 3 to
5 times more powerful than morphine from
which it is derived. It is the most addicting
opium derived. Addiction from heroin can
be develop within 14 days of continued
drug used. Its usually inject into the vein,
sniffed or swallowed. Its intense euphoria
or “high” and the sexual pleasure akin to
an orgasm are the usual “rush” effects
sought for the narcotics addicts.
Addiction from heroin can be develop within
14 days of continued drug used. Its usually
inject into the vein, sniffed or swallowed.
Its intense euphoria or “high” and the
sexual pleasure akin to an orgasm are the
usual “rush” effects sought for the
Shabu is the street name for the chemical
substance known as metamphetamine.It is
also popularly known as a “poor man’s
cocaine” Other slang names are: shabs,
ubas, S, siopao, sha and ice.
Shabu is a white odorless crystal or
crystalline powder with a bitter numbing
taste. Abusers are known to take this drug
through ingestion, inhalation, sniffing or by
Harmful Effects of Shabu
1. Produces anxiety, irritability, irrational
behavior, talkativeness and loss of self
2. Results in loss of appetite and inability to
3. Can lead to acute psychotic reactions,
violent and destructive behavior and
recklessness that may result in accidents.
Include chest pain, irregularity of heartbeat,
hypertension, convulsion and death from
Psychiatric consequences are the major features of
chronic “shabu” abuse dependency. Prolonged
used and even a single exposure especially if
administered intravenously can lead:
1. To manifestation of a full blown psychosis, which
is similar to schizophrenia characterized by the
presence of paranoid delusions auditory and
2. The paranoia may lead to violent and aggressive
3. Some chronic users have difficulty in
concentrating on remembering things.
4. Diminished ability to cope with problems and
difficulties in facing reality.
5. Lost of interest in sex, ambition or motivation
may also result.
6. Chronic snorters may suffer from severe
irritation of nasal passage and at times may
even develop tissue perforation of the nasal
system so that they become prone to
frequent nose bleeding.
7. Renal damage, heart disease and strokes
have been documented among chronic
8. Injecting “shabu” from contaminated
needles may lead to risk of infection
resulting in inflammation of the blood
vessel (Phlebitis)Infection of the heart
valves tendocarditis blood poisoning
(systicemia), and the most dreaded
9. All of which can lead to death.
Effects of Narcotics
1. Drowsiness-which easily depends into
a) depression of breathing
b) red and watery eyes
c) drastic loss of appetite, sleep and weight
2. Produce both psychological and physical
dependence with withdrawal sickness.
3. Abuse of narcotic may result to death.
4. Hepatitis caused by dirty needles used in
injecting the drug intravenously.
5. Skin abscesses, inflation of the veins.
6. Congestion of the lungs.