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Stroke Presentation Ms

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Stroke Presentation Ms

  1. 1. STROKE Presented By: Katherine Adams
  2. 2. Stroke <ul><li>A stroke is a medical emergency in which the blood supply to any portion of the brain is interrupted or reduced. </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative names: Cerebrovascular accident/ disease (CVA), Cerebral infarction, Cerebral hemorrhage. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Epidemiology <ul><li>Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Every year 600,000 people will suffer a new or recurrent stroke, and of those, 160,000 will die. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The symptoms of a stroke are dependant on what portion of the brain is damage. http://www.pdrhealth.com/patient_education/images/BHG01NE13F01.GIF
  5. 5. SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Paralysis or weakness in the face, arms and/or legs. </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion. </li></ul><ul><li>Personality changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Sudden change in eyesight. </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased motor skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Severe headaches </li></ul><ul><li>A sudden development of one or more of the following symptoms usually indicates a stroke. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of stroke: http://www.memorialhermann.org/library/healthguide/en-us/images/media/medical/hw/h5551195.jpg
  7. 7. Tests <ul><li>Computed Tomography (CT) </li></ul><ul><li>Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) </li></ul><ul><li>Cerebral Angiography: identify responsible blood vessel </li></ul><ul><li>Electrocardiogram (ECG): underlying heart conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Echocardiogram: blood clot from heart </li></ul><ul><li>Carotid Duplex: carotid artery stenosis </li></ul><ul><li>Heart monitors, blood work and many more tests!! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ischemic Stroke: <ul><li>A blood vessel becomes blocked and the blood supply to that part of your brain is blocked. </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Ischemic strokes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thrombotic Stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embolic Stroke </li></ul></ul>http://www.strokeassociation.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=1014
  9. 9. Treatments <ul><li>Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) can be given within three hours from the onset of symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition to being used to treat strokes, the following can also be used as preventative measures. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anticoagulants/Antiplatelets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carotid Endarterectomy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Angioplasty/Stents </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Ischemic Stroke http://www.ucihs.uci.edu/stroke/images/tumor.png
  11. 11. CT MRI <ul><li>http://www.strokecenter.org/education/ais_ct_tool/ct04/ct04-frames.htm </li></ul>http://www.strokecenter.org/education/ais_ct_tool/index.htm
  12. 12. Hemorrhagic Stroke: <ul><li>A small blood vessel in the brain becomes weak and ruptures. </li></ul><ul><li>Types of hemorrhagic stroke: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subarachnoid hemorrhage </li></ul></ul>http://www.neuropathologyweb.org/chapter2/images2/2-23l.jpg
  13. 13. Treatment <ul><li>Surgery is often required to remove pooled blood from the brain and to repair damaged blood vessels. </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention: </li></ul><ul><li>An obstruction is introduced to prevent rupture and bleeding of aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVM). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surgical Intervention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endovascular Procedures </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Hemorrhagic Stroke http://www.strokecenter.org/education/ais_ct_tool/index.htm
  15. 15. Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) <ul><li>Blood supply to the brain is only briefly interrupted </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms do not last long </li></ul><ul><li>Warning Stroke- steps should be taken to prevent future stroke. </li></ul>
  16. 16. RISKS <ul><li>TIA </li></ul><ul><li>CAD </li></ul><ul><li>High Blood Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>High Cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive alcohol consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Family History </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul><ul><li>Race </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity </li></ul>
  17. 17. Prevention <ul><li>Control high Blood Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Lower cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>Quit smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Control diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain healthy weight </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Manage stress </li></ul><ul><li>Eat a healthy diet </li></ul>
  18. 18. Prognosis <ul><li>The results of a stroke vary depending on the size and location, the presence of any associated medical problems, and the likelihood of recurring strokes. </li></ul><ul><li>Dysfunctions correspond to the area in the brain that had been damaged. </li></ul>
  19. 19. References <ul><li>Acute and Preventative Treatments. (2007). American Stroke Association. Retrieved March 4,2007 from http://www.strokeassociation.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=2 532 </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis. (2007). American Stroke Association. Retrieved March 4,2007 from http://www.strokeassociation.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=2552 </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis (2007) Society Of Interventional Radiology. Retrieved March 4, 2007 from http://www.sirweb.org/patpub/strokediagnosis.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of Stroke. (2007). American Stroke Association. Retrieved March 4,2007 from http://www.strokeassociation.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=1033 </li></ul><ul><li>Neurological Diagnostic Tests and Procedures. (2006) National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Retrieved March 4,2007 from </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/misc/diagnostic_tests.html </li></ul>
  20. 20. References <ul><li>Stroke (2006) Mayo Clinic. Retrieved March 4,2007 from http://www://mayoclinic.com/health/stroke/DS00150 </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke. (2005) Medline Plus. Retrieved March 4,2007 from http://www.nim.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/00726.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke Prevention & Treatments (2007) Society Of Interventional Radiology. Retrieved March 4, 2007 from http://www.sirweb.org/patpub/stroketreatments.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>Stroke (2007) Wikipedia. Retrieved March 4,2007 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/stroke </li></ul><ul><li>Transient Ischemic Attack Information Page (2006) National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Retrieved March 4,2007 from http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tia/tia.html </li></ul><ul><li>What are the Types Of Stroke? (2007). American Stroke Association. Retrieved March 4,2007 from http://www.strokeassociation.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=1014 </li></ul>

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