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The Beginning Of World War Ii


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Chapter 19, Section 1

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The Beginning Of World War Ii

  1. 1. The Beginning of World War II Chapter 19, Section 1
  2. 2. Germany <ul><li>Adolf Hitler believed that Germany could build a great civilization. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany needed more land to support more German people. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Hitler proposed that Germany be able to revise the unfair provisions of the Treaty of Versailles that had ended World War I. </li></ul><ul><li>At first he would use peaceful means. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In March of 1935, he created a new air force and began a military draft . </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>France, Great Britain, and Italy condemned Hitler’s moves. </li></ul><ul><li>Problems at home caused by the Great Depression, however, they were not prepared to take action. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Hitler became convinced that the Western states would not stop him from breaking the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles. </li></ul><ul><li>March of 1936, Hitler sent German troops into the Rhineland , which was supposed to be a demilitarized area. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dr. Suess Political Cartoon
  7. 7. Appeasement <ul><li>based on the belief that if European states satisfied reasonable demands of dissatisfied states, the dissatisfied states would be content and peace would be preserved. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Italy Benito Mussolini invaded Ethiopia in 1935 with the support of German troops .
  9. 11. <ul><li>Later, Hitler and Mussolini formed the Rome-Berlin Axis . </li></ul><ul><li>Germany also signed the Anti-Comintern Pact with Japan forming an alliance against communism. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1937, Germany had become a very powerful nation. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Austria
  11. 13. <ul><li>In 1938, Hitler pursued a long-held goal, union with Austria. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler forced the Austrians to put Austrian Nazis in charge of the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler then annexed Austria to Germany </li></ul>
  12. 15. Czechoslovakia <ul><li>Hitler demanded that the Sudetenland in northwestern Czechoslovakia be given to Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>German troops were allowed in Czechoslovakia. </li></ul><ul><li>After the Munich Conference , the British prime minister, Neville Chamberlain, announced that the settlement meant “peace for our time.” </li></ul>
  13. 16. Chamberlain and Hitler
  14. 17. <ul><li>He believed Hitler’s promises that Germany would make no more demands. </li></ul><ul><li>In March of 1939, Hitler invaded western Czechoslovakia. </li></ul>
  15. 18. Soviet Union <ul><li>Hitler was afraid of an alliance between the West and Soviet Union. </li></ul><ul><li>In August of 1939, Hitler and Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They promised not to attack each other. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. <ul><li>On September 1, 1939: Germany invaded Poland. </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain and France declared war on Germany. </li></ul>
  17. 20. Japan <ul><li>policy of expansion during the 1930’s was the direct result of its poor economic geography </li></ul>
  18. 23. <ul><li>Japan’s goal to become a great power was seriously limited by this reality. </li></ul>
  19. 24. Japan <ul><li>September 1931, Japanese soldiers seized Manchuria. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Japanese claimed that the Chinese had attacked them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In fact the Japanese had staged the attack themselves disguised as Chinese soldiers. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 26. Reaction <ul><li>When the League of Nations investigated and condemned the attack, Japan withdrew from the league. </li></ul>
  21. 27. <ul><li>By the mid 1930s, militants had gained control of Japanese politics. </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese military leaders wanted to establish a New Order in East Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese planned to seize Soviet Siberia. </li></ul><ul><li>During the 1930s, Japan began to cooperate with Nazi Germany. </li></ul>
  22. 28. <ul><li>The Japanese needed natural resources. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1940, the Japanese demanded the right to exploit economic resources in French Indochina. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The United States responded by imposing economic sanctions , or restrictions on trade that are intended to enforce international law, unless Japan withdrew to its borders of 1931. </li></ul>
  23. 29. <ul><li>The Japanese badly needed oil and scrap iron from the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>The economic sanctions were a very real threat. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the end, after a long debate, Japan decided to launch a surprise attack on U.S. and European colonies and Southeast Asia. </li></ul></ul>