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Chapter 13, Section 3
Modern Europe
Europe in 1900
 
<ul><li>Two parties-the Liberal and Conservatives-competed with each other.  </li></ul><ul><li>By 1918, all males could vo...
France
<ul><li>In 1875, a new constitution created a French republic - the 3rd Republic.  </li></ul><ul><li>The new republic had ...
<ul><li>The premier and his ministers were responsible to the Chamber of Deputies.  </li></ul><ul><li>This principle of  m...
 
<ul><li>Little sense of unity </li></ul><ul><li>Vast difference between the industrialized north and the poverty-stricken ...
 
<ul><li>Constitution begun by  Otto von Bismarck  included a two-house legislature. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministers of Gov...
<ul><li>Attempted to stifle the demands for democracy by supporting a strong foreign policy, thinking that expansion abroa...
 
<ul><li>Austria enacted a constitution after the creation of Austria-Hungary in 1867. </li></ul><ul><li>The emperor, Franc...
 
<ul><li>Nicholas II began his rule in Russia in 1894. </li></ul><ul><li>He believed in the absolute power of the czars, bu...
<ul><li>In 1905, a massive procession of workers went to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg to present a petition of grie...
Bloody Sunday, 1905
<ul><li>Caused workers in Russia to call strikes. </li></ul><ul><li>Nicholas II granted civil liberties and created a legi...
 
<ul><li>Between 1860-1914 the United States shifted from an agrarian to an industrial society. </li></ul><ul><li>Industria...
<ul><li>The United States began to expand abroad by the end of the 19 th  century, for example in the Pacific Samoan and H...
<ul><li>tried to retain control of her kingdom, but the U.S. government sent  </li></ul><ul><li>troops and deposed  </li><...
<ul><li>In 1898, the United States defeated Spain in the Spanish-American War, gaining Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippi...
 
<ul><li>Otto von Bismarck(Germany) formed the Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary and Italy in 1882. </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
Triple Alliance  Triple Entente Germany Great Britain  Austria-Hungary France Italy Russia
<ul><li>Europe was now divided into two uncompromising camps.  </li></ul><ul><li>Events in the Balkans moved the world tow...
Europe in 1900
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Section 3

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Chapter 13, Section 3
World History
From Thursday, March 26, 2009

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Section 3

  1. 1. Chapter 13, Section 3
  2. 2. Modern Europe
  3. 3. Europe in 1900
  4. 5. <ul><li>Two parties-the Liberal and Conservatives-competed with each other. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1918, all males could vote at the age of 21 and women at the age of 30. </li></ul><ul><li>To retain the support of the workers, the Liberals passed social reforms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>benefits for workers in case of sickness, unemployment, or injury on the job. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. France
  6. 7. <ul><li>In 1875, a new constitution created a French republic - the 3rd Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>The new republic had a president and a two-house legislature, the upper house (Senate) being elected indirectly and the lower house (Chamber of Deputies) being elected by universal male suffrage. A premier (prime minister) actually ran the new French state . </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>The premier and his ministers were responsible to the Chamber of Deputies. </li></ul><ul><li>This principle of ministerial responsibility —the idea that the prime minister is responsible to the popularly elected legislature body and not the chief executive is crucial for democracy. </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Little sense of unity </li></ul><ul><li>Vast difference between the industrialized north and the poverty-stricken south . </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Constitution begun by Otto von Bismarck included a two-house legislature. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministers of Government were responsible to the emperor. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By the time of William II (1888-1918) and the expansion of Germany’s industry, cities grew and cries for democracy increased. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bismarck wanted to keep Germany from becoming a democracy. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Attempted to stifle the demands for democracy by supporting a strong foreign policy, thinking that expansion abroad would not only increase profits, but would also distract people from making democratic demands. </li></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>Austria enacted a constitution after the creation of Austria-Hungary in 1867. </li></ul><ul><li>The emperor, Francis Joseph, ignored the parliamentary system. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He appointed and dismissed his own ministers and enacted laws when parliament was not in session. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 17. <ul><li>Nicholas II began his rule in Russia in 1894. </li></ul><ul><li>He believed in the absolute power of the czars, but conditions were changing. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1900, industrialization was beginning to take off in Russia. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was the world’s 4th largest producer of steel. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 18. <ul><li>In 1905, a massive procession of workers went to the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg to present a petition of grievances to the czar. </li></ul><ul><li>Troops opened fire and killed hundreds of demonstrators. </li></ul>
  14. 19. Bloody Sunday, 1905
  15. 20. <ul><li>Caused workers in Russia to call strikes. </li></ul><ul><li>Nicholas II granted civil liberties and created a legislative assembly, the Duma. </li></ul><ul><li>Within a few years, however, he again controlled Russia through the army and bureaucracy . </li></ul>
  16. 22. <ul><li>Between 1860-1914 the United States shifted from an agrarian to an industrial society. </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialization led to urbanization. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 40 % of the population lived in cities in 1900. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>By 1900 the United States was the world’s richest nation. </li></ul>
  17. 23. <ul><li>The United States began to expand abroad by the end of the 19 th century, for example in the Pacific Samoan and Hawaiian Islands. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar was a lucrative crop from Hawaii. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Americans sought to gain political control in Hawaii. </li></ul>
  18. 24. <ul><li>tried to retain control of her kingdom, but the U.S. government sent </li></ul><ul><li>troops and deposed </li></ul><ul><li>her, annexing Hawaii. </li></ul>
  19. 25. <ul><li>In 1898, the United States defeated Spain in the Spanish-American War, gaining Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1900 the United States had an empire. </li></ul>
  20. 27. <ul><li>Otto von Bismarck(Germany) formed the Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungary and Italy in 1882. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was a defensive alliance against France, whom Bismarck feared was making anti-German alliances with other nations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 1890, William II dropped Germany’s treaty with Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1894, France and Russia made an alliance. </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain joined with France and Russia in what was known as the Triple Entente. </li></ul>
  21. 28. Triple Alliance Triple Entente Germany Great Britain Austria-Hungary France Italy Russia
  22. 29. <ul><li>Europe was now divided into two uncompromising camps. </li></ul><ul><li>Events in the Balkans moved the world toward war. </li></ul>
  23. 30. Europe in 1900

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