Many school children don’t know when the Civil War took place. They don’t know who wrote the Declaration of Independence.They think history is boring.
What Is History ?(from Greek word historia meaning inquiry, knowledge, acquired by investigation”) is the discovery, collection, organization and presentation of information about past events .
• History is a means to understand the past and present. The different interpretations of the past allows us to see the present differently and therefore imagine—and work towards—different futures.
helps one to understand the a bridge to other disciplines. immense complexity of our In order to understand the world and provides insights other humanities and the to help cope with the sciences one needs an problems and possibilities historical overview. of the present and future. we can investigate and provides a sense of identity interpret why society to understand the collective developed as it has and past that has have made us determine what influences what we are today. In one have affected the past and sense history is the only present and shape the future.
Primarysources • A primary source is an original object or document; first-hand information. • Primary source is material written or produced in the time period that you may be investigating. • Primary sources enable the researcher to get as close as possible to what actually happened during an historical event or time period.
Examples are:• Diaries and journals • Autobiographies ▫ Example: Anne Frank -An autobiography is when was a teenager during you write a story or book World War II. She kept about yourself. a diary or journal the Example: Nelson Mandela years before she died in wrote his autobiography about a concentration camp. events in his life called “Long Her diary was later Walk to Freedom: The published as the “Diary Autobiography of Nelson of Anne Frank”. This is Mandela. This is a primary a primary source. document because he wrote his first hand experiences.
• Speeches are considered Primary Sources. ▫ Examples of Speeches: Abraham Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address” Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” All of the President’s Inauguration Speeches
• Historical documents such as • Published first-hand the Declaration of accounts, or stories are Independence or the considered primary Constitution are primary documents. They were resources. drafted and signed. ▫ Example: 2008 • Other Primary Sources Presidential candidate would be Senator John McCain • Birth Certificates talked about his “own” • Government records experiences as a • Deeds Vietnam prisoner of • Court documents war. It is a primary • Military records source because he was • Tax records there experiencing it. • Census records • Art
Historical documents such as the Declaration of Independence or the Constitution are primary documents. They were drafted and signed. • Other Primary Sources would be • Birth Certificates • Government records • Deeds • Court documents • Military records • Tax records • Census records • Art • Newspaper & magazines
Sound Recordings and interviews are considered primary resources. ▫ Example 1: During the Great Depression and World War II, television had not been invented yet. The people would often sit around the radio to listen to President Roosevelt’s war messages. Those radio addresses are considered “primary sources.” ▫ Example 2: During the 2008 election Barack Obama, had many interviews that were televised. Those interviews are considered primary sources.
• Photographs and videos are primary sources. ▫ Example 1: Photographers during World War II took photographs of battles and/or events during the war. Those photographs are primary sources. Those were taken during actual events. ▫ Example 2: The same holds true for videos or film created during an event. A film was made interviewing President Bush. That film would be considered a primary source.
• A secondary source is something written about a primary source.• Secondary sources are written "after the fact" - that is, at a later date.• Usually the author of a secondary source will have studied the primary sources of an historical period or event and will then interpret the "evidence" found in these sources.• You can think of secondary sources as second-hand information.
• Almanacs, encyclopedias, history books (textbooks), etc. are all secondary sources because they were written “after” the these events occurred.
• Think about it like this…. • If I tell you something, I am the primary source. If you tell someone else what I told you, you are the secondary source. • Secondary source materials can be articles in newspapers, magazines, books or articles found that evaluate or criticize someone elses original research.
Tertiary Resources Tertiary sources consist of information which is a distillation and collection of primary and secondary sources. * Almanacs; * Bibliographies (also considered secondary); * Chronologies; * Dictionaries and Encyclopedias (also considered secondary); * Directories; * Fact books; * Guidebooks; * Indexes, abstracts, bibliographies used to locate primary and secondary sources; * Manuals;