Fostering self expression and creative thinking

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Fostering self expression and creative thinking

  1. 1. Fostering Self- expression and Creative thinking: using the Emergent Approach
  2. 2. Most Valuable Priorities A. Maintain the child’s sense of wonder and curiosity. B. Let cognitive learning be a source if genuine pleasure for children and teacher. 1. Keep it age appropriate 2. Keep curriculum real and relevant 3. Keep cognitive learning brief and unstressful 4. Enjoy the experience with children
  3. 3. Most Valuable Priorities C. Bind cognitive learning to affective experience whenever possible D. Accompany Cognitive learning with language whenever possible
  4. 4. Emergent Approach - A topic takes develop as the children and teachers investigates it together - Each contributing his/her own ideas - Teachers make plans in advance and have ideas for possible topics
  5. 5. Principles when using Emergent Approach 1. Generate children’s own creative ideas; 2. Base the curriculum on the interests of the children; 3. Keep the pathway focused; 4. The teacher should recognize their values and responds to them in a positive way; 5. Use language consistently;
  6. 6. Principles when using Emergent Approach 6. Use questions in ways “provoke” the children into thinking for themselves as ideas emerge. 7. Wait for answers and ask only a few questions at a time. 8. Encourage to produce more than one answer. 9. Translate their ideas into concrete tangible experiences. 10.Use some form of expressive medium.
  7. 7. Importance of creativity Enhances the child’s feelings of self-esteem and self-worth Provides opportunities for expressing emotions Gaining relief and understanding
  8. 8. Self-Expressive Materials to foster the creative self 1. Interfere as little as possible. 2. Never provide a model for the children to copy. 3. Understand that the process, not the product, matters most. 4. Allow plenty of time and opportunity for the child to use materials.
  9. 9. Self-Expressive Materials to foster the creative self 5.Provide enough materials; 6. Variety in materials is crucial; 7. Foster an appreciation of beauty.
  10. 10. Developing thinking and reasoning skills using: Conventional Approach Conventional Approach - The teacher prepares activities in advance for the specific learnings she’d like the children to experience.
  11. 11. Piagetian Categories of Knowledge • Social-conventional knowledge- direct social transmission • Physical knowledge- acting on objects on the real world • Logico-mathematical knowledge- the ability to reason
  12. 12. How to provide opportunities for practicing concept formation skills 1. Develop needed materials 2. Provide consistent opportunities for practice 3. Make the activities fun
  13. 13. Practical suggestions about presenting midlevel thinking and reasoning skills in the curriculum 1. Matching - The ability to perceive the two items are identical 2. Grouping/classification -”to teach groupings … use materials that posses common properties but are not identical.”
  14. 14. Practical suggestions about presenting midlevel thinking and reasoning skills in the curriculum 3. Perceiving common relations - To identify and pair items that are usually associated together but not identical. 4.The relationship between cause and effect 5. Ordering -arranging objects or events in logical order
  15. 15. Practical suggestions about presenting midlevel thinking and reasoning skills in the curriculum 6. Spatial seriated ordering 7. Temporal ordering -recalling or anticipating the orders of event 8. Conserving -able to recognize that the amount of substance remains the same despite the changes in its appearance.

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