1. Defining DAR: Accurately describing real world events in the classroom or gymnasium and analyzing those events in a way that leads to a better understanding of what transpired
2. Does not attempt to prove the superiority of one teaching method over another; Does not attempt to identify good and bad teachers; Does not attempt to offer evidence in support of principles or effective teaching.
In fact, does not make evaluative judgments about teaching. In 1971, it had gained popularity in other areas of education, but had not caught on in PE
Show 2 minutes of the game. Have students record their own shot chart.
Shot chart diagram
Example of a shot chart that has been analyzed
“A shooting chart is a record of a critical dimension of “real world events” (the game). A careful examination of the chart can lead to understandings and insights which were not possible during the game itself. In much the same way, descriptive records of teaching provide a picture of real world events (classroom interaction), which lead to a deeper understanding of the teaching process.
Development of systems for PE= gym, pool, field, systems and describe events in physicial education Large sample sizes Movement Ed, problem solving, guided discovery, traditional Measure the effects of events in teaching on student achievement Enrich teacher ed programs to use systems to analyze their own teaching or teaching of others
Descriptive Analytic Research
ANDERSON, W.G. (1971).
RESEARCH ON TEACHING,
QUEST, 15, 1-8.
Kathleen Wack and David Robertson
Type of, purpose of study/paper,
• Review of Descriptive-Analytic Research
• Described five illustrative studies
• Examination of possible future contributions
to physical education
Background and significance of
study…what did it report to add?
• Identified characteristics of DAR
• Call for change not only to use DAR in PE, but
to call for a research effort in PE altogether
• Outlined a framework for research effort
Source for image: http://lmf.forumchitchat.com/post/dirk-and-jose-two-of-the-best-shooters-in-the-nba-
Source for image: http://wqam.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2014/03/LeBron-Shot-Chart.jpg
• Identified past research in teaching
• Analyzed current research--two illustrative
studies in teaching and three in P.E.
• Identified 5 stages for future research
• Analyze audio tapes of History Teachers-Teachers
more active—Roles in place Teacher and Student
Cycles of teaching (21 identified) Most common
teacher question student respond
• Categories of questioning range from simple to
complex---range of cognitive processes
• Physical Education specific—Movement
Education—Verbal behavior and student
response---Teacher behavior and social and
emotional climate---Augmented feedback
provided by teachers
• “Provide the tools of inquiry as well as the
data needed to intelligently monitor and guide
the process of change.”
Conclusions/implications for practice
and/or future research
• Need for sequential research effort
• Outline for “crucial stages:”
1. Development of systems specific for PE
2. Test with large sample size
3. Examine new teaching methods with systems
4. Use tools to conduct studies to measure teaching and
5. Enrich Teacher Education Programs
• Better understand research and the job of teaching!