Participal adjectives ( ED and ING adjectives )


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Participial adjectives in English

Participal adjectives ( ED and ING adjectives )

  1. 1. Am I interested or interesting? Adjectives with ING and ED
  2. 2. Participial adjectives• Sometimes called “Psychological Adjectives,” these adjectives come from verbs that are related to the emotions.• Some common examples are:frustrate, disgust, excite, bore and surprise
  3. 3. • We can use this psychological verbs as adjectives by adding ING or ED at the end.• For this, we have to pay attention to the causer and the receiver of the emotion.
  4. 4. Example• The computer frustrates her. Then, we can say:• The computer is frustrating.(the computer causes the emotion)• She is frustrated. (she feels the emotion)
  5. 5. • My little sister annoys me. Then, we can say: My little sister is annoying. I’m annoyed/ I feel annoyed.
  6. 6. • We usually use ED for people and ING for things or situations. So generally things or situations are the causers of an emotion and people are the receivers (they feel the emotion)• Eg. That movie was so boring. Everybody in the room was bored.
  7. 7. BUT• People can also be the causers of emotions.Examples:• My mom is so irritating sometimes.• He’s the most boring boyfriend I’ve ever had.• Jenny is an incredibly interesting woman.
  8. 8. Most common participal adjectived ING ED amazed amazing amused amusing annoyed annoying bored Boring charmed charming confused confusing convincing Convinced damaging Damaged depressing depressed disappointing disappointed embarrassing embarrassed exciting excited
  9. 9. And more ING EDexhausting Exhaustedfascinating Fascinatedfrightening Frightenedfrustrating frustratedinteresting Interested puzzling Puzzled relaxing Relaxedsatisfying Satisfied shocking Shockedterrifying Terrified Tiring Tired thrilling thrilled