ESE Grammar Review: Parts of Speech
This is the foundation for constructing English knowledge.
Success, or the lack of, in English depends on how well
one understand these fundamentals. Memorization will not
suffice! Therefore, it is imperative to conceptually understand and be
able to identify them in all practical respects. Dailynews-
What is a Verb?
to chase (v),
Describe actions, events, and state of being. to pursue (v)
Verbs have 5 forms: base (ride), past tense
(rode), past participle (ridden), present
Participle (riding), and the –s form (rides)
to sleep (v),
to dream (v)
To catch (v), to grab (v)
To celebrate (v)
To protest (v), to rally (v) To communicate (v), to share (v)
What is a Noun?
The name of a person, animal, thing, or concept (freedom). Nouns can be identify by
ending of –ness, -ty, -ism, -ment, -ion. There are many classes of nouns: gender, plural,
possessive, proper, common, abstract, countable, non- or un-countable, collective
happiness, innocence, youth, a swing
tiger, hope, felicity,
Declaration of Independence,
rally (n), protester (n)
An adjective modifies a noun or pronoun by describing, identifying, and quantifying words.
Adjectives often stands before the noun or pronoun.
many protestors, a large crowd happy, excited tiger influential philosopher
Note: Grammar purist also consider articles (the, a, an) to be adjectives.
Possessive adjectives: my, your, his, her, its, our, and their. Possessive adj. is similar
to possessive pronoun, but it is used as an adjective and modifies a noun/noun phrase.
Demonstrative adjectives: this, these, that, those, and what. Similar to demonstrative
pronoun, but used as adjectives to modify nouns.
Interrogative adjectives: which or what.
Indefinite adjectives (nonspecific): all, any, several, some, each, a few, many…