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Lesson 1 - Part of Speech


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Part of Speech

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Lesson 1 - Part of Speech

  1. 1. ESE Grammar Review: Parts of Speech 1. Verb 2. Noun 3. Pronoun 4. Adjective 5. Adverb 6. Preposition 7. Conjunction 8. Interjection This is the foundation for constructing English knowledge. Success, or the lack of, in English depends on how well one understand these fundamentals. Memorization will not suffice! Therefore, it is imperative to conceptually understand and be able to identify them in all practical respects. Dailynews-
  2. 2. What is a Verb? to chase (v), Describe actions, events, and state of being. to pursue (v) Verbs have 5 forms: base (ride), past tense (rode), past participle (ridden), present Participle (riding), and the –s form (rides) to sleep (v), to dream (v) To catch (v), to grab (v) To celebrate (v) To protest (v), to rally (v) To communicate (v), to share (v)
  3. 3. What is a Noun? The name of a person, animal, thing, or concept (freedom). Nouns can be identify by ending of –ness, -ty, -ism, -ment, -ion. There are many classes of nouns: gender, plural, possessive, proper, common, abstract, countable, non- or un-countable, collective Confucius, philosopher, morality happiness, innocence, youth, a swing tiger, hope, felicity, optimism Declaration of Independence, declaration, statement rally (n), protester (n)
  4. 4. Adjective An adjective modifies a noun or pronoun by describing, identifying, and quantifying words. Adjectives often stands before the noun or pronoun. many protestors, a large crowd happy, excited tiger influential philosopher Note: Grammar purist also consider articles (the, a, an) to be adjectives. Possessive adjectives: my, your, his, her, its, our, and their. Possessive adj. is similar to possessive pronoun, but it is used as an adjective and modifies a noun/noun phrase. Demonstrative adjectives: this, these, that, those, and what. Similar to demonstrative pronoun, but used as adjectives to modify nouns. Interrogative adjectives: which or what. Indefinite adjectives (nonspecific): all, any, several, some, each, a few, many…