Autism screening in new Zealand<br />By Kateshe Clark<br />Autism – Therapies.com, 2008<br />
Why was this topic chosen? <br />I have a personal interest in this field as I have an autistic child<br />The prevalence ...
How did you choose your research question?<br />There have been no studies conducted in New Zealand<br />The New Zealand A...
Research Question?<br />Should a national screening programme be introduced in New Zealand to diagnose autism in toddlers ...
Research Design and Methods<br />A quantitative design was adopted<br />Non-experimental correlational study<br />Cross-se...
Cont.<br />Utilisation of Plunket<br />Adopting a two stage screening programme<br />Trained Plunket nurses to conduct the...
Data Analysis<br />Multivariate – looking at comparative/ correlational relationships with other studies<br />The number o...
What implications of this study are likely to contribute to professional practice?<br />Based on results from overseas stu...
Questions?<br />Thank you for your attention <br />Mobsterboss Radio, 2010<br />
References <br />Autism –Therapies.com [ Photograph]. 2008. Retrieved February 06, 2011, from http://autism-therapies.com/...
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Autism screening revised

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Autism screening revised

  1. 1. Autism screening in new Zealand<br />By Kateshe Clark<br />Autism – Therapies.com, 2008<br />
  2. 2. Why was this topic chosen? <br />I have a personal interest in this field as I have an autistic child<br />The prevalence of autism has increased <br />There is no formal screening programme in New Zealand <br />Autistics traits are recognisable around 18 months of age<br />iStockphoto, 2011<br />
  3. 3. How did you choose your research question?<br />There have been no studies conducted in New Zealand<br />The New Zealand Autism Spectrum Disorder Guidelines has contradictory literature<br />Children can be diagnosed before the age of three<br />Gospel Jackal<br />
  4. 4. Research Question?<br />Should a national screening programme be introduced in New Zealand to diagnose autism in toddlers between the age of 21-24 months? <br />Laura Shumaker<br />
  5. 5. Research Design and Methods<br />A quantitative design was adopted<br />Non-experimental correlational study<br />Cross-sectional design (21-24 month olds)<br />This study aims at screening 50,000 toddlers over a 12 month period <br />Consecutive non-probability sampling to allow all of the target population to be screened<br />
  6. 6. Cont.<br />Utilisation of Plunket<br />Adopting a two stage screening programme<br />Trained Plunket nurses to conduct the questionnaire to allow for consistency and reliability<br />Ethical considerations<br />NZ Child Restraints, 2010<br />
  7. 7. Data Analysis<br />Multivariate – looking at comparative/ correlational relationships with other studies<br />The number of children receiving a diagnosis of autism will be analysed but will also include other confounding variables such as gender, race and triad of impairments as these variables may have statistical relevance<br />MANOVA will be utilised as there is more than one variable being looked at in this study<br />
  8. 8. What implications of this study are likely to contribute to professional practice?<br />Based on results from overseas studies, it is likely that there will be an increase in 21-24 month olds in New Zealand receiving a diagnosis of autism (Baird et al, 2000; Dietz et al., 2006; Oosterling et al., 2010).<br />The earlier the diagnosis, the better the outcome for the child and family (Baird et al., 2000; Dietz et al., 2006; Ministry of Health, 2008).<br />
  9. 9. Questions?<br />Thank you for your attention <br />Mobsterboss Radio, 2010<br />
  10. 10. References <br />Autism –Therapies.com [ Photograph]. 2008. Retrieved February 06, 2011, from http://autism-therapies.com/<br />Baird, G., Charman, T., Baron-Cohen, S., Cox, A., Sweetman, J., Wheelwright, S., & Drew, A. (2000). A screening instrument for autism at 18 months of age: A 6-year follow up study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry,39(6), 694-702. doi:10.1097/00004583-200006000-00007<br />Baird, G., Simonoff, E., Pickles, A., Chandler, S., Loucas, T., Meldrum, D., & Charman, T. (2006). Prevalence of disorders of the autism spectrum in a population cohort of children in South Thames: The special needs and autism project (SNAP). Lancet,368, 210-215. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69041-7<br />Dietz, C., Swinkels, S., van Daalen, E., van Engeland, H., & Buitelaar, J. K. (2006). Screening for autistic spectrum disorder in children aged 14-15 months. II: population screening with the early screening of autistic traits questionnaire (ESAT). Design and general findings. Journal of Autism and Development Disorders,36, 713-722. doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0114-1<br />Gossip Jackal. [Photograph]. Retrieved February 09, 2011, from http://www.gossipjackal.com/entertainment/2010/07/20/identifying-autism-through-voice/<br />iStockphoto [Photograph] . 2011. Retrieved February 09, 2011from http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-5735314-business-graph.php<br />Laura Shumaker. Retrieved February 09, 2011, from http://nz.wrs.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0WTf2y0hVJNnhoAXg3.Zgx./SIG=11v130jvr/EXP=1297282612/**http%3a//www.laurashumaker.com/%3fpage_id=420<br />Ministry of Health (2008). New Zealand Autism Spectrum Disorder guideline. Retrieved 09 December 2010, from<br />http://www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/indexmh/nz-asd-guideline-apr08<br />Mobsterboss Radio [Photograph]. 2010. Retrieved February 09, 2011, from http://www.mobsterbossradio.com/who.html<br />NZ Child Restraints [Logo]. 2010. Retrieved February 09, 2011, from http://www.childrestraints.co.nz/hirecarseat.php<br />Oosterling, I. J., Wensing, M., Swinkels, S. H., Jan van derGaag, R., Visser, J. C., Woudenberg, T., Minderaa, R., Steenhuis, M. P., Buitelaar, J. K. (2010). Advancing early detection of autism spectrum disorder by applying an integrated two-stage screening approach. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry,51(3), 250-258. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2009.02150<br />Plunket. (2010). Annual report 2010. Retrieved 14 January, 2011, from http://www.plunket.org.nz/uploads/file/Annual%20Report/Plunket%20Annual%20Report%202010.pdf<br />Polit. D.F., & Beck. C. T. (2010). Nursing Research: Appraising evidence for nursing practice. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.<br />

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