ENVIRONMENT OF RISK Source: Simmons,
Janie, Paul Farmer, and Brooke Schoepf. 1996. A global perspective. In Women poverty and AIDS: Sex drugs and structural violence . Maine: Common Courage Press. Defining the Environment of HIV Risk Poverty and marginalization create obstacles to acting on HIV knowledge. Microeconomic development is seen as a tool to tackle the environment of risk.
“ There is a big
difference between being an employee and being self employed. With employment, you always get an agreed amount, but here I get as much as I work for. Also, I get satisfaction from knowing its my own work.” male, carpenter, 25
Though male participants took a
pay cut to be part of the project, they benefited from control over their own labour and independence. They expected income to increase over time.
“ I have a better
economic situation because my income is stable and a little bit more. Before I could sometimes go to bed hungry.” female, hairdresser, 23
All but one woman indicated
her economic situation had improved, including stability, savings, independence and ability to leave unsafe employment.
“ Before the program when
I was jobless, even the police considered me unworthy. Now they have changed their mind” male, leatherworker
60% of participants articulated a
new sense of purpose and agency through goal setting. Studies show that a “future oriented attitude” leads to protective behaviour.
“ Since we are orphans
we have had to struggle harder for a better life. The program creates a supportive environment among us” male, leather worker
The project provided an entry
point for participants to connect with other youth in similar situations, leading to informal discussion on HIV/AIDS, sibling care, sex and relationships.
Summary independence, increased income, stability,
ended unsafe employment Female Decreased stigma, increased confidence, increased agency, increased social network health, control over labour, independence, income expected to follow Male Social Impact Economic Impact