IDIOPATHIC PERICARDIALEFFUSION IN DOGS –A THREEYEAR STUDYBy Katarina Pirtonen, VM12011
OUTLINE Introduction Study of Veterinary Hospital Bhoiguda Symptoms of the pericardial effusion Diagnosing Results Treatment References
INTRODUCTION Pericardial disease is not usual cardiac disease of dogs. In pericardial diseases, the fluid bunches up to the pericardial sac. The most common causes of pericardial effusion in dogs are cardiac hemangiosarcoma, idiopa thic pericardial effusion and chemodectoma, which lead to right sided heart failure.
STUDY OF VETERINARY HOSPITALBHOIGUDA 28dogs out of 811 dogs of different breed, sex and heart problems, were diagnosed with idiopathic pericardial effusion (IPE). The IPE was discovered in 13 Labrador retrievers, 6 Doberman pinschers, 5 German Shepards , 3 Spitz and 1 Great Dane.
STUDY OF VETERINARY HOSPITALBHOIGUDA The survey revealed, that pericardial effusion occurs often in male dogs at the age of 7,18 yrs The Labrador retrievers were most prone to the disease.
SYMPTOMS OF THE PERICARDIALEFFUSION exercise intolerance dyspnoea at rest weakness ascites cough anorexia pallor mucosa and cyanotic mucosa syncope following exertion or exercise and peripheral edema muffling sounds
DIAGNOSING Echocardiography was the most delicate way of diagnosing pericardial effusion Useful to distinguish different cardiac diseases which cause cardiomegaly on radiograph
RESULTS By echocardiography there were found free space area (hypoechoic to anechoic) between epicardium and pericardium low voltage QRS complexes with electrical alterans enlarged heart
TREATMENT The most efficient treatment were pericardiocentesis with frusemide and ramipril The improvement in physical activity, appetite and general condition was noticed Also cough, dyspnoea and cardiac murmurs alleviated.
REFERENCES Idiopathic Pericardial Effusion in Dogs - A three year study K. Satish Kumar, V. V. V. Amruth Kumar, P. Nagaraj, and D. S. Tirumala Rao Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine College of Veterinary Science, Rajendranagar Hyderabad – 500 030, Andhra Pradesh, India http://vetscan.co.in/v6n1/78-Idiopathic- Pericardial-Effusion-Dogs.htm