Missouri Government


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  • Today we will be looking at a general overview of Missouri Government. Since this is our first day on the unit, we will not be going into great depth about each individual aspect of our state government. However, we will study the overall importance of each facet of Missouri Government.
  • Missouri Government

    1. 1. Missouri Government An Overview By: Kelley Kasten November 25, 2008
    2. 2. State Governments
    3. 3. Missouri Government <ul><li>Executive Branch </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Branch </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial Branch </li></ul><ul><li>State Capital </li></ul>
    4. 4. Executive Branch <ul><li>Governor </li></ul><ul><li>Lieutenant Governor </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of State </li></ul><ul><li>Auditor </li></ul><ul><li>Treasurer </li></ul><ul><li>Attorney General </li></ul>
    5. 5. Governor <ul><li>Highest elected executive official </li></ul><ul><li>Chooses directors of state agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Vetoes bills </li></ul><ul><li>Commander-In-Chief of MO National Guard </li></ul><ul><li>Appoints judges </li></ul><ul><li>Pardons criminals </li></ul><ul><li>Delivers the “State of State” Address </li></ul>
    6. 6. Lieutenant Governor <ul><li>Serves as the president of the Missouri Senate and can vote to break a tie </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes the governor in case the governor cannot carry out his duties of office because of death, resignation, disability, or absence </li></ul><ul><li>Same qualifications as governor </li></ul>
    7. 7. Secretary of State <ul><li>Responsible for providing and preserving information for the public </li></ul><ul><li>In charge of elections and taking care of historic records </li></ul><ul><li>Oversees the State Library </li></ul><ul><li>Guardian of the Great Seal of the State of Missouri and validates official documents of the governor </li></ul><ul><li>Must be a Missouri resident for at least one year. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Legislative Branch <ul><li>General Assembly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House of Representatives </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. General Assembly <ul><li>Missouri’s legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Composed of two &quot;houses” </li></ul><ul><li>Upper house - Senate </li></ul><ul><li>Lower and larger - House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>In session from January to May </li></ul>
    10. 10. Senate <ul><li>34 members </li></ul><ul><li>1 representative = 155,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Four year terms </li></ul><ul><li>1/2 of the Senate up for election every two years </li></ul><ul><li>At least 30 years old, a qualified Missouri voter for three years, and a resident of their district for at least one year </li></ul><ul><li>Approves most of the appointments made by the governor to head state agencies and serve on state boards/commissions </li></ul>
    11. 11. House of Representatives <ul><li>163 members </li></ul><ul><li>1 representative = 31,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Two year terms </li></ul><ul><li>Must be at least 24 years of age, a qualified voter of the state for two years, and a resident of their district for at least one year </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker of the House presides over the House </li></ul>
    12. 12. Judicial Branch <ul><li>Courts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Circuit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supreme </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Circuit <ul><li>Circuit and associate circuit courts </li></ul><ul><li>45 judicial circuits divided along county lines </li></ul><ul><li>Handle civil and criminal trials </li></ul><ul><li>At least one circuit judge and at least one associate circuit judge for each county within the circuit </li></ul><ul><li>Associate Circuit Judges - at least 25 years of age, a qualified voter of Missouri, a resident of the county </li></ul><ul><li>Circuit Judges - at least 30 years of age, a citizen of the United States at least 10 years, a qualified voter of Missouri at least three years, a resident of the circuit at least one year </li></ul>
    14. 14. Appeals <ul><li>Three appeals court districts in Missouri (St. Louis, Kansas City and Springfield) </li></ul><ul><li>Hear cases from lower courts whose decisions have been appealed and are not reserved exclusively for the Missouri Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>At least 30 years old, residents of their district, U.S. citizens for at least 15 years, and Missouri voters for nine years before their selection </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed initially, retained by a favorable vote of the people every 12 years </li></ul>
    15. 15. Supreme Court <ul><li>Missouri’s highest court </li></ul><ul><li>Hears cases appealed from the courts of appeals or those involving the death penalty, a U.S. treaty or statute, the Missouri Constitution, the state's revenue laws, and the title to any state office </li></ul><ul><li>Supervises all lower courts in the state </li></ul><ul><li>Seven judges, which have the same qualifications and terms as appeals court judges </li></ul><ul><li>Chief justice position rotated between members every two years </li></ul>
    16. 16. State Capitol <ul><li>Jefferson City </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed: 1911 </li></ul><ul><li>Cost: $4.21 million </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance architecture </li></ul><ul><li>437 feet long, 200 feet wide in wings </li></ul><ul><li>262 feet high </li></ul>
    17. 17. State Capitol <ul><li>Made of Burlington limestone from Carthage </li></ul><ul><li>Stone from Green County </li></ul><ul><li>Dome - Ceres: Roman goddess of agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Bronze doors 13x18 feet </li></ul><ul><li>30 foot wide stairway </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Hart Benton murals </li></ul>