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What is Instructional Design?

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An overview of ID for UAA EDAE 637

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What is Instructional Design?

  1. 1. What is Instructional Design? Don Bladow Craig Kasemodel Ann Morgester Jan Thompson UAA EDAE 637: Design of E-Learning
  2. 2. The ID Theories <ul><li>Learning Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Study of how people learn </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional Design Theory </li></ul><ul><li>How to best design instruction so </li></ul><ul><li>that learning will take place. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.usask.ca/education/coursework/802papers/mergel/brenda.htm </li></ul>
  3. 3. Instructional Design as a Process <ul><li>Systematic development of instructional specifications using learning and instructional theory </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of learning needs and goals </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the delivery system </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional materials and activities are created, tried, and evaluated </li></ul>
  4. 4. Instructional Design as a Discipline <ul><li>“ branch of knowledge concerned with research and theory about instructional strategies and the process for developing and implementing those strategies.” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.coe.uh.edu/courses/cuin6373/whatisid.html </li></ul>
  5. 5. Instructional Design as a Science <ul><li>There are very detailed specifications for learning models that include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D evelopment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I mplementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>M aintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E valuation </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Instructional Design as a Reality <ul><li>Start at any point in a model </li></ul><ul><li>Move forward or backward </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment throughout </li></ul><ul><li>Written up as if it was completed in a systematic order </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic </li></ul>
  7. 7. History of Instructional Design <ul><li>World War II </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grew out of the education field </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens needed to be quickly trained </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used a variety of instructions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Face to face </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hands-on </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Individualized </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Basic Features of all Instructional Development Models <ul><li>Needs Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Goal and objective identification </li></ul><ul><li>Audience and setting analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Content and delivery development </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation and redesign </li></ul>
  9. 9. Why use Instructional Design models <ul><li>Allows faster development </li></ul><ul><li>Communication between all members of the development team </li></ul><ul><li>Models allow for inclusion of all necessary parts of quality instructional design </li></ul>
  10. 10. Model Components Check your model! <ul><li>                                              </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Objective of ID <ul><li>To serve the learning needs and success of students through effective presentation of content and fostering of interaction . </li></ul>
  12. 12. E-learning and Instructional Design <ul><li>Reduced design costs </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency in the look and feel of the lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Quality control </li></ul><ul><li>Standardization </li></ul>
  13. 13. E-learning Considerations <ul><li>Being sensitive to the medium </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all activities translate well to the online medium </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Access issues are critical in Alaska </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Filtering/Access to hardware </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dialup vs. DSL/Cable/T1/T2 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Special issues for Bush Alaska </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Training Needs for Technology <ul><li>Don’t assume students can use the technology effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Provide tutorial and/or live training </li></ul>
  15. 15. References <ul><li>Rogers, Patricia L., Ph.D. “Instructional Design for E-Learning: Everything you need to know to get started.” Minnesota State Colleges and Universities. (Accessed Jan. 31, 2009) http://vfc3.project.mnscu.edu/index.asp?Type=NONE&SEC={1906BE0E-C401-4750-A0B8-BFFC1BA0EB79 } </li></ul><ul><li>Siemens, George.” Instructional Design in E-learning.” E-learn Space: Everything in e-learning. Accessed Feb. 5, 2009. http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/InstructionalDesign.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Smith, Kenneth J. “Instructional Design Theory.” Ed P 411/511, Computer Applications in Education Unit Three: Management of Instructional Technologies; Evaluation of and with Technologies in Education. Accessed Jan. 31, 2009. http://www.ic.arizona.edu/ic/edp511/isd1.html </li></ul><ul><li>Srinivas, Hari. “Introduction to Instructional Design.” Global Development Research Center. Accessed Feb. 6, 2009 http://www.gdrc.org/info-design/instruct/intro.html </li></ul><ul><li>Thomson, Nadeen. “Why ID? The Benefits of Instructional Design Models.” Teaching With Technology Today. Accessed Feb. 6, 2009. http://www.uwsa.edu/ttt/articles/thompson.htm </li></ul>

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