Good afternoon, again. My first talk focused on the challenges of building systems to take us into space. This one will focus on the challenges of regulating those activities.
values of order – includepredictability, knowledge, conservationproblems of too much order – includestagnation, entropy, collapsevalues of chaos – include exploration, imagination, improvementproblems of too much chaos – includedestruction, injustice, brutality
in regulating emerging technologies,policy choices on the one hand are grounded in a culture’s particular inclinations toward order or chaos, hopes or fears, conservation or innovation; and any point on that grid is a valid place to regulate from, because it expresses the culture’s valueseffective processes on the other hand are tested methods of enacting any set of policy choices in a manner that’s likely to generate desired outcomes
allow broad stakeholder inputdon’t lock in elite privilegeallow the street to find its own usesmanage risk with accurate information
protects enshrined, elite interests disenfranchises a group that can’t defend its interests, because the future has no constituencystifles innovation because we can’t know what a socio-technical system will do before it evolves along with its users(talking last night with gentleman about moves to regulate “smart tv” by regulating hardware when we don’t know how the street will want to use it or what technical systems would work best for their users – this is in part an anti-competitive measure)
chaos of unintended consequences running unchecked creates path dependencylack of predictability incites rogue behavior
doesn’t meanjumping in to stifle innovationdoes meana process towards (often industry self) regulationletting a constituency for the future evolve and speakquantifying risk so that informed policy choices can be made
By combining policy choices and effective processescreate an evolutionary process that still allows different policy outcomeswhat balance of chaos and order, risk and reward, is a separate matterbut an effective process can achieve any balance of order with information, and chaos with justice
failures: American copyright legislation: at the request of recording industries the US regulated digital file distribution too soon. Legislating a failed business model. We’ve also seen it with banks “too big to fail” – because we regulated too late. also (sort of) successes:the Hollywood movie Hayes Code and Comics Code Authority, enabled citizen groups to work with industry to regulate conduct and prevent legislation that would have forced the stifling of speech. This allowed for values to evolve without being locked in by laws. SCUBA training: a dangerous practice that’s actually very, very safe because the industry self-regulated to head off government involvement, and created a tough culture of credentialing systems and safety practices.
but if we challenge order and manage chaostowards consensus values of risk and reward we can evolve with justice
Anticipatory Governance and the Challenges of Innovation: EU Science, Global Challenges, Global Cooperation
Anticipatory Governance and theChallenges of Innovation John Carter McKnight Consortium for Applied Space Ethics Arizona State University
governanceis the delicate artof managingchaos and order