This theory emphasis that because of past outcome people are motivated to
perform or avoid certain behavior that has resulted from that outcome.
Types of reinforcement:
Goal setting theory assumes behavior results from a person’s conscious
goals and intentions which leads to better performance then vague,
unchallenging and committed goals and high performance.
This theory suggests that learning can be facilitated by providing trainees
with specific challenging goals and objectives
Social Learning Theory
This theory recognizes that behavior which is reinforced or rewarded tends to
be repeated. This theory emphasis that people learn by observing those people
whom they find knowledgeable.
FROM WHERE LEARNING NEW SKILLS OR BEHAVIOUR COME FROM ?
Directly experiencing the consequences of using behavior skills
The process of observing others and seeing the consequences of their behavior
They also learn from:
Self efficacy – it is a person’s judgment about whether he or she can
successfully learn knowledge or skills.
Expectancy theory suggests that a person’s behaviour is based on three factors
Expectancy theory suggests that learning is most likely to occur when
They can learn the content of the program(expectancy)
Learning is linked to outcomes such as better job performance a salary
increase ,or peer recognition
Employees value these outcomes
Need theories help explain the value that a person places on certain
Need theories suggest that to motivate learning:
Trainers should identify trainees ‘needs and
Communicate how training program content relates to fulfilling these needs
Information Processing Theory
These theories give more emphasis to the internal processes that occur
when training content is learned and retained
If the evaluation of the response is positive , this provides reinforcement that
the behaviour is desirable to be stored in long term memory for use in similar
Selecting & Preparing Training Site
it can be used to guide the development of training & to explain training to
it is more detailed & include specific step involve in course plan
It matches major activities of training program & specific time or time interval