Paranoia• para- madness noid-mind (greek)• Paranoia is a thought process believed to be heavily influenced by anxiety or fear, often to the point of irrationality and delusion• Persecutory beliefs, ( beliefs of conspiracy concerning a perceived threat towards oneself. )• Paranoia is sometimes misused to describe a phobia. Its closely linked with genetic and environmental factors• HOWEVER (“Just because youre paranoid doesnt mean they arent after you.“)
• Fears of a petty conspiracy – a political rival or business competitor plotting to do you harm – are as old as the human psyche.Like fears of a grand conspiracy – that theJews plan to take over the world• However
PARANOID?? OR NOT??"It would not be strange if they had developed the technology to induce cancerand nobody knew about it until now ... I dont know. Im just reflecting,“:-Hugo ChavezAccording to Cuban officials, the CIA attempted to kill Fidel Castro a total of638 times. This figure is probably bloated, but it is safe to assume that suchattempts were numerous indeed.
Paranoid personality disorder• Paranoid personality disorder is a mental disorder characterized by paranoia and a pervasive, long-standing suspiciousness and generalized mistrust of others. Paranoid personality disorder occurs in about 0.5%–2.5% of the general population. It occurs more commonly in males• hypersensitive• easily feel slighted• vigilant scanning of the environment for clues or suggestions that may validate their fears or biases.• Paranoid individuals are eager observers.• They think they are in danger and look for signs and threats of that danger, potentially not appreciating other evidence• Potential to cause immediate violence as a response
Treatment• Because of reduced levels of trust, there can be challenges in treating paranoid personality disorder.• However, psychotherapy, antidepressants, antipsychotics and anti- anxiety medications can play a role when an individual is receptive to intervention
PRONOIA:• Long before the term was coined, J.D. Salinger referred to the concept in the novella, Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters: "Im a kind of paranoiac in reverse. I suspect people of plotting to make me happy.• Pronoia is a newly coined term that is defined as the opposite state of mind as paranoia: having the sense that there is a conspiracy that exists to help the person.• It is also used to describe a philosophy that the world is set up to secretly benefit people.• ZIPPIE ,YIPPIE,
More ,,,• Invasion Of The Body Snatchers.• The conversation• Shutter island• The lives of others• The Thing
Obsessive–compulsive disorder• (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry, by repetitive behaviours aimed at reducing the associated anxiety, or by a combination of such obsessions and compulsions.• OCD is the fourth most common mental disorder, and is diagnosed nearly as often as asthma and diabetes.
Symptoms• excessive washing or cleaning• repeated checking• extreme hoarding• preoccupation with sexual, violent or religious thoughts• aversion to particular numbers• nervous rituals such as opening and closing a door a certain number of timesbefore entering or leaving a room.These symptoms can be alienating and time-consuming, andoften cause severe emotional and financial distress. The acts ofthose who have OCD may appear paranoid. However, OCDsufferers generally recognize their obsessions and compulsionsas irrational, and may become further distressed by thisrealization.
• OCD is sometimes associated with above- average intelligence• Its sufferers commonly share personality traits such as high attention to detail, avoidance of risk, careful planning, exaggerated sense of responsibility and a tendency to take time in making decisions
Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder• Obsessive–compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is a personality disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency.• symptoms of OCPD can include preoccupation with remembering and paying attention to minute details and facts, following rules and regulations, compulsion to make lists and schedules, as well as rigidity/inflexibility of beliefs and/or exhibition of perfectionism that interferes with task-completion. Symptoms may cause extreme distress and interfere with a persons occupational and social functioning.
• Some patients with OCPD show an obsessive need for cleanliness• OCPD is often confused with OCD.• they are two distinct disorders, although some OCPD individuals also suffer from OCD, and the two are sometimes found in the same family,• People experiencing OCPD do not generally feel the need to repeatedly perform ritualistic actions a common symptom of OCD and usually find pleasure in perfecting a task,• whereas OCD patients are often more distressed after their actions.
Examples• Stanley Kubrick• Justin Timberlake• Winston Churchill• David Beckham• Cameron Diaz• Howard Hughes( the aviator 2004)