Totalitarian Theory in Media


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Totalitarian Theory in Media done by me and my friend just for the sake of college work.

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  • Italian dictator Benito Mussolini coined the term totalitario in the early 1920s to describe the new fascist state of Italy, which he further described as: “All within the state, none outside the state, none against the state.” By the beginning of World War II , “totalitarian” had become synonymous with absolute and oppressive single-party government.
  • Control of mass media. All the means of communication were monopolized by the government. The press and the cinema had to show pictures glorifying the Nazi movements. The Ministry of Propaganda, in the hands of Dr. Goebbels, worked to build up the popularity of the Hilter. University professors and radio stations were required to wear swastika and take an oath of allegiance to Hitler. radio stations no say the Jews were dismissed from the public service, the universities and other professions and mainly media.
  • Fazil Abdulovich Iskander (Russian: Фазиль Абдулович Искандер; born 6 March 1929, Sukhumi) is arguably the most famous Abkhaz writer, renowned in the former Soviet Union for his vivid descriptions of Caucasian life, mostly written in Russian.PUT IN NOTES
  • Totalitarian Theory in Media

    1. 3. Definition Totalitarianism (or totalitarian rule) is a political system that strives to regulate nearly every aspect of public and private life. Totalitarian regimes or movements maintain themselves in political power by means of an official all-embracing ideology and propaganda disseminated through the state-controlled mass media ,a single party that controls the state, personality cults, control over the economy, regulation and restriction of free discussion and criticism, the use of mass surveillance, and widespread use of state terrorism.
    2. 4. Origin <ul><li>Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini coined the term totalitario in the early 1920’s. </li></ul><ul><li>“ All within the state, none outside the state, none against the state.” </li></ul><ul><li>The notion of  Totalitarianism  was given by Giovanni Amendola who described Italian Fascism as a system fundamentally different from conventional dictatorships. </li></ul>
    3. 5. Relation to Media <ul><li>Media is controlled by the central authority. </li></ul><ul><li>No one other than the central authority has any stake in media. </li></ul><ul><li>The State was the master and the individual was the servant. </li></ul><ul><li>Whatever the media said was in praise of the authority and opposition of the rivals. </li></ul>
    4. 6. Total Control Diagram
    5. 7. Working of Totalitarian Regime <ul><li>Totalitarian regimes, establish complete political, social, and cultural control over their subjects, and are usually headed by a charismatic leader. </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarian regimes seek to destroy civil society i.e. communities that operate independently of the State. </li></ul><ul><li>It was neither reform of Communism nor establishment of democracy, but a breakdown of organized life </li></ul>
    6. 8. Rise of Totalitarian Regime
    7. 9. Mussolini - FACIST ITALY <ul><li>Through press and books, school children were indoctrinated with Fascist ideas. They were told that &quot;Mussolini is always right. </li></ul><ul><li>The mass media. — the cinema, the radio, the press, the books and the magazines—were all strictly censored by the government. </li></ul>
    8. 10. Hitler - NAZI GERMANY <ul><li>All the means of communication were monopolized by the government to glorify Hitler. </li></ul><ul><li>The press and the cinema displayed pictures glorifying the Nazi movements. </li></ul><ul><li>The Jews were dismissed from the public service, the universities and other professions and mainly media . </li></ul>
    9. 11. Stalin - SOVIET RUSSIA <ul><li>Stalin used press to campaign against political rivalries. </li></ul><ul><li>The citizens were not guaranteed the freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly until 1936. </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin through media proved that the socialist system was better than capitalist. </li></ul>
    10. 12. 2009 AND TOTALITARIANISM !
    11. 13. Castro - CUBA <ul><li>In the absence of any freedoms of speech and press, domestic media must operate under party guidelines and reflect CUBAN government views. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cuban Government continues to refuse to allow the church to have independent printing press capabilities; access to media </li></ul><ul><li>Media that disseminates antigovernment propaganda, graffiti, and disrespect of officials carry prison penalties. </li></ul>
    12. 14. Kim Jong-II - NORTH KOREA <ul><li>The constitution provides for freedom of speech; however, the government prohibits the exercise of these rights in practice. </li></ul><ul><li>The media upholds the personality cult of Kim Jong-Il, the media refers to Kim Jong-Il as the &quot;Dear Leader“. </li></ul><ul><li>The press is tightly controlled by the state, one of the most highly controlled in the world </li></ul>
    13. 15. Totalitarian Media Zealots <ul><li>It is basically an umbrella term. </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarian media zealots are commonly known to amass large standing armies of paparazzi </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarian media zealots are faux journalists employed to &quot;find the scoop&quot; or &quot;spread rumors“ </li></ul><ul><li>Personal privacy is habitually disregarded by a totalitarian media zealot paparazzo for the sake of achieving an impromptu photo or video of the celebrity. </li></ul>
    14. 16. “ Under the totalitarian regime, it was as if you were forced to live in the same room with an insanely violent man.” – Fazil Iskander By- Mohit Ravi – 07-VC-107 Nambiar Karthik – 07-VC-133