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PROCEDURAL REQUIREMENTS &
COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR ESTABLISHING
A COMPANY/INDUSTRY
PRESENTED BY
G.V KARTHEEK REDDY
MBA
MSRIM
To form a company in India, you must meet the following requirements:
• The company must be registered with the relevant Registrar of Companies in the area you are setting it
up;
• The company must be organized with reference to the relevant provisions of The Companies Act 1956;
• The necessary registration forms need to be filed with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs; and
• Directors need to be appointed. For this, the proper director identification number forms need to be
completed
The Companies Act of 1956 sets down rules for the establishment of both public and private companies.
The most commonly used corporate form is the limited company, unlimited companies being relatively
uncommon. A company is formed by registering the Memorandum and Articles of Association with the
State Registrar of Companies of the state in which the main office is to be located.
Foreign companies engaged in manufacturing and trading activities abroad are permitted by the Reserve
Bank of India to open branch offices in India for the purpose of carrying on the following activities in India:
# To represent the parent company or other foreign companies in various matters in India, for example,
acting as buying/selling agents in India, etc.
# To conduct research work in which the parent company is engaged provided the results of the research
work are made available to Indian companies
# to undertake export and import trading activities
# to promote possible technical and financial collaboration between Indian companies and overseas
companies.
Application for permission to open a branch, a project office or liaison office is made via the Reserve Bank
of India by submitting form FNC-5 to the Controller, Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer Section of
the Reserve Bank of India. For opening a project or site office, application may be made on Form FNC-10 to
the regional offices of the Reserve Bank of India. A foreign investor need not have a local partner, whether
or not the foreigner wants to hold full equity of the company. The portion of the equity thus not held by
the foreign investor can be offered to the public.
INCORPORATING A COMPANY - APPROVAL OF NAME
• The first step in the formation of a company is the approval of the name by the Registrar of Companies
(ROC) in the State/Union Territory in which the company will maintain its Registered Office. This
approval is provided subject to certain conditions: for instance, there should not be an existing
company by the same name. Further, the last words in the name are required to be "Private Ltd." in the
case of a private company and "Limited" in the case of a Public Company. The application should
mention at least four suitable names of the proposed company, in order of preference. In the case of a
private limited company, the name of the company should end with the words "Private Limited" as the
last words. In case of a public limited company, the name of the company should end with the word
"Limited" as the last word
• The ROC generally informs the applicant within seven days from the date of submission of the
application, whether or not any of the names applied for is available. Once a name is approved, it is
valid for a period of six months, within which time Memorandum of Association and Articles of
Association together with miscellaneous documents should be filed. If one is unable to do so, an
application may be made for renewal of name by paying additional fees. After obtaining the name
approval, it normally takes approximately two to three weeks to incorporate a company depending on
where the company is registered.
MEMORANDUM AND ARTICLES
• The Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association are the most important documents to be
submitted to the ROC for the purpose of incorporation of a company. The Memorandum of Association
is a document that sets out the constitution of the company. It contains, amongst others, the objectives
and the scope of activity of the company besides also defining the relationship of the company with the
outside world.
The Articles of Association contain the rules and regulations of the company for the management of its
internal affairs. While the Memorandum specifies the objectives and purposes for which the Company
has been formed, the Articles lay down the rules and regulations for achieving those objectives and
purposes.
• The ROC will give the certificate of incorporation after the required documents are presented along with the
requisite registration fee, which is scaled according to the share capital of the company, as stated in its
Memorandum. A private company can commence business on receipt of its certificate of incorporation.
A public company has the option of inviting the public for subscription to its share capital. Accordingly, the
company has to issue a prospectus, which provides information about the company to potential investors. The
Companies Act specifies the information to be contained in the prospectus.
The prospectus has to be filed with the ROC before it can be issued to the public. In case the company decides
not to approach the public for the necessary capital and obtains it privately, it can file a "Statement in Lieu of
Prospectus" with the ROC.
On fulfillment of these requirements, the ROC issues a Certificate of Commencement of Business to the public
company. The company can commence business immediately after it receives this certificate.
Certificate of Incorporation
MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS
• The documents/forms stated below are filed along with Memorandum of Association and Articles of
Association on payment of filing fees (depending on the authorised capital of the company):
# Declaration of compliance, duly stamped
# Notice of the situation of the registered office of the company
# Particulars of Directors, Manager or Secretary
# Authority executed on a non-judicial stamp paper, in favour of one of the subscribers to the
Memorandum of Association or any other person authorizing him to file the documents and papers for
registration and to make necessary corrections, if any
# The ROC’s letter (in original) indicating the availability of the name.
TAX REGISTRATION
• Businesses liable for income tax must obtain a tax identification card and number [known as Permanent
Account Number (PAN)] from the Revenue Department. In addition to this, businesses liable to
withhold tax must necessarily obtain a Tax Deduction Account Number (TAN). Both the PAN and the TAN
must be indicated on all the returns, documents and correspondence filed with the Revenue
Department. The PAN is also required to be stated in various other documents such as the documents
pertaining to sale or purchase of any immovable property (exceeding Rs. five lakh), sale or purchase of a
motor vehicle, time deposit (exceeding Rs. 5 lakh), contract for sale or purchase of securities (exceeding
Rs. 10 lakh), to name a few.
RULES APPLICABLE
 Companies (Central Governments') General Rules and Forms,1956
 Filing Registering/Approving Authority
 One copy has to be submitted along with a forwarding letter addressed to the concerned Registrar of
Companies
ENCLOSURES
• The declaration must be submitted with the following annexure
# Document evidencing payment of fee
# Memorandum and Articles of Association
# Copy of agreement if any, which the proposed company wishes to enter into with any individual for
appointment as its managing or whole-time director or manager
# Form 18
# Form 32 (except for section 25 company)
# Form 29 (only in case of public companies)
# Power of Attorney from subscribers
# Letter from Registrar of Companies making names available
# No objection letters from directors/promoters
# Requisite fees either in cash or demand draft
FEES
• Fee payable depends on the nominal capital of the company to be registered and may be paid in one of
the following modes. Cash/postal order (upto Rs.501-), demand draft favouring Registrar of
Companies/Treasury Challan should be payable into specified branches of Punjab National Bank for
credit
COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR COMPANIES IN INDIA
Corporate Tax Returns
• Companies must file annual corporate tax returns with the Income Tax Department.
• Companies that maintain international transactions as well as domestic transactions with related parties must
also file an annual transfer pricing audit.
Withholding Tax Returns
• Companies that make payments to entities outside of India for certain types of services (royalties, technical
work, etc ) are required to withhold the requisite taxes and also file a corresponding withholding tax form on
the relevant payments.
• Companies are also required to deduct a special type of withholding tax called the Tax Deducted at Source on
payments made to entities in India.
• Companies are required to file a withholding tax return every quarter.
• Withholding tax deductions for foreign payments must be certified by a Chartered Accountant.
Excise Duty for Manufacturers
• Companies that are involved in the production and manufacturing of goods must comply with the Central
Excise Act. This requires companies to pay duties at a specific rate on the manufactured goods that are
removed from their premises.
Service Tax for Service Providers
• Service providing companies are required to file biannual tax returns and make monthly payments towards
service tax on the value of services that they provide (not charged on services rendered outside of India).
Other Taxes
• A customs duty is also levied on all imports. This duty is to be paid when the relevant items are brought over
for clearance at Indian Customs.
• Companies are required to pay value-added tax and file returns.
• Companies are required to register and pay a profession tax for the trade or profession they are working on in
a particular state. This tax is levied on a company and their employees. The company pays the tax on behalf of
their employees, which is then deducted from the employee’s salary.
RBI Compliance
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) recently introduced something called the Annual Return of Foreign Assets and
Liabilities to account for profits that companies make in connection to foreign direct investment. It is similar to
a tax return, and it is to be filed annually.
• All liaison offices and/or project offices are required to report their activities to the RBI as necessary.
Other Requirements
• When first established a private company requires a minimum of two shareholders or members (with a
maximum cap of 50 members). This number is increased to seven when starting a public company.
• There is a minimum of two directors necessary for a private company, and three for a public company.
• There is a minimum requirement for companies to hold a board meeting every quarter. If a director
does not attend at least two meetings a year, than they may no longer serve as director.
• Each company must hold one annual general meeting (AGM) per year, during which they will review the
company’s financial information. An independent auditor must be present at the meeting.
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procedural requirements & Compliance requirements for establishing a company/industry

  • 1. PROCEDURAL REQUIREMENTS & COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR ESTABLISHING A COMPANY/INDUSTRY PRESENTED BY G.V KARTHEEK REDDY MBA MSRIM
  • 2. To form a company in India, you must meet the following requirements: • The company must be registered with the relevant Registrar of Companies in the area you are setting it up; • The company must be organized with reference to the relevant provisions of The Companies Act 1956; • The necessary registration forms need to be filed with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs; and • Directors need to be appointed. For this, the proper director identification number forms need to be completed
  • 3. The Companies Act of 1956 sets down rules for the establishment of both public and private companies. The most commonly used corporate form is the limited company, unlimited companies being relatively uncommon. A company is formed by registering the Memorandum and Articles of Association with the State Registrar of Companies of the state in which the main office is to be located. Foreign companies engaged in manufacturing and trading activities abroad are permitted by the Reserve Bank of India to open branch offices in India for the purpose of carrying on the following activities in India: # To represent the parent company or other foreign companies in various matters in India, for example, acting as buying/selling agents in India, etc. # To conduct research work in which the parent company is engaged provided the results of the research work are made available to Indian companies # to undertake export and import trading activities # to promote possible technical and financial collaboration between Indian companies and overseas companies. Application for permission to open a branch, a project office or liaison office is made via the Reserve Bank of India by submitting form FNC-5 to the Controller, Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer Section of the Reserve Bank of India. For opening a project or site office, application may be made on Form FNC-10 to the regional offices of the Reserve Bank of India. A foreign investor need not have a local partner, whether or not the foreigner wants to hold full equity of the company. The portion of the equity thus not held by the foreign investor can be offered to the public.
  • 4. INCORPORATING A COMPANY - APPROVAL OF NAME • The first step in the formation of a company is the approval of the name by the Registrar of Companies (ROC) in the State/Union Territory in which the company will maintain its Registered Office. This approval is provided subject to certain conditions: for instance, there should not be an existing company by the same name. Further, the last words in the name are required to be "Private Ltd." in the case of a private company and "Limited" in the case of a Public Company. The application should mention at least four suitable names of the proposed company, in order of preference. In the case of a private limited company, the name of the company should end with the words "Private Limited" as the last words. In case of a public limited company, the name of the company should end with the word "Limited" as the last word
  • 5. • The ROC generally informs the applicant within seven days from the date of submission of the application, whether or not any of the names applied for is available. Once a name is approved, it is valid for a period of six months, within which time Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association together with miscellaneous documents should be filed. If one is unable to do so, an application may be made for renewal of name by paying additional fees. After obtaining the name approval, it normally takes approximately two to three weeks to incorporate a company depending on where the company is registered.
  • 6. MEMORANDUM AND ARTICLES • The Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association are the most important documents to be submitted to the ROC for the purpose of incorporation of a company. The Memorandum of Association is a document that sets out the constitution of the company. It contains, amongst others, the objectives and the scope of activity of the company besides also defining the relationship of the company with the outside world. The Articles of Association contain the rules and regulations of the company for the management of its internal affairs. While the Memorandum specifies the objectives and purposes for which the Company has been formed, the Articles lay down the rules and regulations for achieving those objectives and purposes.
  • 7. • The ROC will give the certificate of incorporation after the required documents are presented along with the requisite registration fee, which is scaled according to the share capital of the company, as stated in its Memorandum. A private company can commence business on receipt of its certificate of incorporation. A public company has the option of inviting the public for subscription to its share capital. Accordingly, the company has to issue a prospectus, which provides information about the company to potential investors. The Companies Act specifies the information to be contained in the prospectus. The prospectus has to be filed with the ROC before it can be issued to the public. In case the company decides not to approach the public for the necessary capital and obtains it privately, it can file a "Statement in Lieu of Prospectus" with the ROC. On fulfillment of these requirements, the ROC issues a Certificate of Commencement of Business to the public company. The company can commence business immediately after it receives this certificate. Certificate of Incorporation
  • 8. MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS • The documents/forms stated below are filed along with Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association on payment of filing fees (depending on the authorised capital of the company): # Declaration of compliance, duly stamped # Notice of the situation of the registered office of the company # Particulars of Directors, Manager or Secretary # Authority executed on a non-judicial stamp paper, in favour of one of the subscribers to the Memorandum of Association or any other person authorizing him to file the documents and papers for registration and to make necessary corrections, if any # The ROC’s letter (in original) indicating the availability of the name.
  • 9. TAX REGISTRATION • Businesses liable for income tax must obtain a tax identification card and number [known as Permanent Account Number (PAN)] from the Revenue Department. In addition to this, businesses liable to withhold tax must necessarily obtain a Tax Deduction Account Number (TAN). Both the PAN and the TAN must be indicated on all the returns, documents and correspondence filed with the Revenue Department. The PAN is also required to be stated in various other documents such as the documents pertaining to sale or purchase of any immovable property (exceeding Rs. five lakh), sale or purchase of a motor vehicle, time deposit (exceeding Rs. 5 lakh), contract for sale or purchase of securities (exceeding Rs. 10 lakh), to name a few.
  • 10. RULES APPLICABLE  Companies (Central Governments') General Rules and Forms,1956  Filing Registering/Approving Authority  One copy has to be submitted along with a forwarding letter addressed to the concerned Registrar of Companies
  • 11. ENCLOSURES • The declaration must be submitted with the following annexure # Document evidencing payment of fee # Memorandum and Articles of Association # Copy of agreement if any, which the proposed company wishes to enter into with any individual for appointment as its managing or whole-time director or manager # Form 18 # Form 32 (except for section 25 company) # Form 29 (only in case of public companies) # Power of Attorney from subscribers # Letter from Registrar of Companies making names available # No objection letters from directors/promoters # Requisite fees either in cash or demand draft
  • 12. FEES • Fee payable depends on the nominal capital of the company to be registered and may be paid in one of the following modes. Cash/postal order (upto Rs.501-), demand draft favouring Registrar of Companies/Treasury Challan should be payable into specified branches of Punjab National Bank for credit
  • 13. COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR COMPANIES IN INDIA Corporate Tax Returns • Companies must file annual corporate tax returns with the Income Tax Department. • Companies that maintain international transactions as well as domestic transactions with related parties must also file an annual transfer pricing audit. Withholding Tax Returns • Companies that make payments to entities outside of India for certain types of services (royalties, technical work, etc ) are required to withhold the requisite taxes and also file a corresponding withholding tax form on the relevant payments. • Companies are also required to deduct a special type of withholding tax called the Tax Deducted at Source on payments made to entities in India. • Companies are required to file a withholding tax return every quarter. • Withholding tax deductions for foreign payments must be certified by a Chartered Accountant. Excise Duty for Manufacturers • Companies that are involved in the production and manufacturing of goods must comply with the Central Excise Act. This requires companies to pay duties at a specific rate on the manufactured goods that are removed from their premises.
  • 14. Service Tax for Service Providers • Service providing companies are required to file biannual tax returns and make monthly payments towards service tax on the value of services that they provide (not charged on services rendered outside of India). Other Taxes • A customs duty is also levied on all imports. This duty is to be paid when the relevant items are brought over for clearance at Indian Customs. • Companies are required to pay value-added tax and file returns. • Companies are required to register and pay a profession tax for the trade or profession they are working on in a particular state. This tax is levied on a company and their employees. The company pays the tax on behalf of their employees, which is then deducted from the employee’s salary. RBI Compliance • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) recently introduced something called the Annual Return of Foreign Assets and Liabilities to account for profits that companies make in connection to foreign direct investment. It is similar to a tax return, and it is to be filed annually. • All liaison offices and/or project offices are required to report their activities to the RBI as necessary.
  • 15. Other Requirements • When first established a private company requires a minimum of two shareholders or members (with a maximum cap of 50 members). This number is increased to seven when starting a public company. • There is a minimum of two directors necessary for a private company, and three for a public company. • There is a minimum requirement for companies to hold a board meeting every quarter. If a director does not attend at least two meetings a year, than they may no longer serve as director. • Each company must hold one annual general meeting (AGM) per year, during which they will review the company’s financial information. An independent auditor must be present at the meeting.