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On making standards organizations & open source communities work hand in hand

Did you know that the Eclipse Foundation is home to many open source implementations of standards from a dozen of standards defining organizations: IETF, ISO, oneM2M, OASIS, etc.
We do believe that open source is key to standards' adoption, and this presentation shares some thoughts on what makes a standard successful, and how Eclipse has proved with recent success stories that open source and open communities are a key factor.

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On making standards organizations & open source communities work hand in hand

  1. 1. On making standards organizations and open source communities work hand in hand Benjamin Cabé, Eclipse Foundation @kartben - IEEE Open Source event Austin, TX – May 20, 2016
  2. 2. Agenda ➔ What is the Eclipse Foundation? ➔ Eclipse Working Groups ➔ Keys to a successful standard ➔ Case studies / Success stories ◆ LWM2M ◆ MQTT
  3. 3. Eclipse Foundation
  4. 4. Eclipse History ● Launched by IBM in 2001 ○ Initial release of the Eclipse technology platform (Platform, JDT, PDE) ○ Founding consortium board comprised Borland, IBM, Red Hat…… ● Eclipse Foundation formed in 2004 ○ Independent not-for-profit organization formed in 2004 ○ Definition of bylaws, membership model, initial IP process
  5. 5. Eclipse at a glance ● Organization ○ 501(c)6 not-for-profit, USA (Delaware) incorporated, headquarters in Ottawa, Canada ● License ○ Eclipse Public License is the default ○ Other licenses possible by approval of the Board ● Focus areas ○ Most project implementations are in Java, but moving into web (JavaScript), C/C++, … ○ “Eclipse plug-in model” ○ Development tools, modeling tools, runtimes, web
  6. 6. ● $5.0 million annual budget ● ~250 members (13 strategic) ● 25 staff ● 75 events per year ● 7 collaborative working groups Eclipse Foundation by the Numbers
  7. 7. ● 300+ projects (50+ new in past 12 months) ● 130 MLOC/year code change velocity ● ~1200 committers ● 9 million active users of Eclipse IDE ○ Leading IDE in Java, C/C++, PHP, … ● 1.5 million downloads/month (average) ● 2.4 million unique visitors/month Eclipse Community by the Numbers
  8. 8. The members of Eclipse ● 250+ members ○ 13 Strategic Members ● 1200 committers, representing 60+ organizations Strategic members:
  9. 9. Governance IP Mgt Projects & Process Licensing Model Infra-structure Community & Ecosystem Foundation Services
  10. 10. Eclipse Development Process ● Proven process for creating successful open source projects and communities ● Open, Transparent, Meritocratic ● Vendor-neutral ● Supported by professional staff with years of experience
  11. 11. Eclipse IP Management ● The components that are identified as needed are submitted for review. ● Each component is examined from the standpoint of: ○ Provenance ○ License Suitability ○ Patent searches are not done ● We use tools to help us ● Our committers do much of the work
  12. 12. Eclipse & Standards
  13. 13. Working Groups at Eclipse
  14. 14. Collaborative Working Groups ● Self-governing consortia and community managed under the Eclipse umbrella ● IP Policy and Development Process apply ● Can have their own brand ● Can have their own forge ● Can have their own licensing ● Dues can be zero or more depending on the needs of the group
  15. 15. PolarSys ● Focused on Open Source tools for the development of Embedded Systems ○ Open Innovation to create better methods and tools ○ Computer Assistance and Automation ○ Certification to ease the tools qualification in complex certification processes ○ Very Long Term Support – up to 10 and 75 years ●
  16. 16. Eclipse IoT
  17. 17. Eclipse IoT in numbers 2+ 24 150+ 100K MLOC projects developers monthly visitors
  18. 18. It is all about innovation
  19. 19. It is all about innovation Open Source enables: •Permissionless innovation •Innovation through integration •Far higher levels of experimentation
  20. 20. The Power of Developer Choice
  21. 21. What makes a standard successful anyway?
  22. 22. SDOs
  23. 23. SDOs Adopters
  24. 24. What is success from an SDO PoV?
  25. 25. ● You show progress with intermediate releases ● You reach consensus (v1.0) ASAP, and your standard doesn’t arrive too late SDO Deliver in a timely manner
  26. 26. ● Standard (including V1!) covers use cases of the targeted industry/domain at large, not only of those companies involved in the standardization process SDO Be relevant
  27. 27. ● You have a community of users ● You have a community of developers/integrators ● You have a community of solutions/services vendors SDO Community
  28. 28. What is success from an adopter PoV?
  29. 29. ● The IPR and licensing model can (almost) be understood by mere mortals ● The standard allows open source implementations Adopter Licensing
  30. 30. ● There are other users of the standard ● You can recruit developers knowledgeable about the standard ● The standard enables new business models (integration/collaboration with other vendors using the same standards, etc.) Adopter Ecosystem
  31. 31. ● You can evaluate the standard freely ● There is a large variety of existing implementations of the standards (giving you even more freedom) Adopter Low entry barrier
  32. 32. How can open source help? Trends from the Eclipse and Eclipse IoT community
  33. 33. Example #1 OMA Lightweight M2M How going for an open approach can accelerate standard adoption & time to release
  34. 34. Example: OMA Lightweight M2M ● OMA LWM2M is a REST API for device management ● Based on CoAP and DTLS (IETF standards)
  35. 35. Timeline May 2013: first OSS implementation in C March 2014: contributed as Eclipse Wakaama Jul. 2014: first public sandbox Sep. 2014: new Eclipse Leshan project (Java) Jan. 2015: OMA starts using Github May 2016: 67 “issues” addressed, 17 Eclipse committers on LWM2M projects (from different companies), commercial adoption
  36. 36. Looking back…
  37. 37. Looking back… Eclipse Leshan sandbox is used by many vendors for early prototyping, integration tests, etc.
  38. 38. Looking back…
  39. 39. Looking back… Public issue tracker for LWM2M specification gets lots of community feedback
  40. 40. LWM2M takeaways ● Release often / have public drafts ● Support the community (e.g sandbox, testbeds, …) ● Encourage diversity (e.g multiple implementations) ● Listen to community input
  41. 41. Example #2 MQTT From a de-facto standard to an OASIS and ISO/IEC standard
  42. 42. MQTT? ● A Publish-Subscribe protocol for the Internet of Things ○ Simple to implement ○ Quality of Service ○ Lightweight & Bandwidth Efficient ● Invented in 1999 by Andy Stanford-Clark (IBM) and Arlen Nipper (Arcom) ● Version 3.1 released royalty free in 2010 ● Open Sourced in 2011
  43. 43. “MQTT” on Google Trends Can you guess what happened then?
  44. 44. IPR / Licensing ● No essential claims behind the MQTT (OASIS) standard (this is by design of the OASIS Technical Committee) ● Eclipse Paho source code is dual licensed: ○ Eclipse Public License ○ Eclipse Distribution License (BSD-3) ⇒ redistributing the source code is not mandatory (important for embedded)
  45. 45. What do Microsoft Azure IoT suite, AWS IoT, or IBM Watson IoT platform have in common?
  46. 46. What do Microsoft Azure IoT suite, AWS IoT, or IBM Watson IoT platform have in common?
  47. 47. Eclipse Incubators - Paho “ A permanent incubator is a project that is intended to perpetually remain in the incubation phase. Permanent incubators are an excellent place to innovate, test new ideas, grow functionality that may one day be moved into another project, and develop new committers. ⇒ Can be used to experiment with upcoming standard features ahead of the release ⇒ May be used to feed the standard with new use cases, requirement, etc.
  48. 48. MQTT takeaways ● Standard bodies complement the work of open source communities ○ Writing code ≠ writing standards ● Open source can literally boost adoption of a standard ● More developers on the market ● OSS projects can fuel your standardization work with use cases, requirements, …
  49. 49. In a nutshell…
  50. 50. Key takeaways ● Growing an ecosystem is key, and OSS is one lever ● Open Source foundations have decades of experience in creating thriving communities of contributors, users and adopters ● Developers are the new kingmakers
  51. 51. SDOs Adopters OSS communities
  52. 52. Thank you! Questions? @kartben