Sentences, fragments, run ons


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Sentences, fragments, run ons

  1. 1. Karen S. Wright
  2. 2. Sentences must have Subject Verb And it needs to make senseToo often when we write a sentence, it iseither a run-on sentence or a fragment. Sowhat do we do???
  3. 3. A run-on sentence is made up oftwo or more sentences that areincorrectly run together as a singlesentence.
  4. 4. T h e r e a r e f iv e s t r a t e g ie s t h a te f f e c t iv e w r it e r s u s e t o a v o ido r c o r r e c t r u n -o n s e n t e n c e s . S e p a r a t e t h e m . Add end punctuation and a capital to separate the sentences. U s e a c o n j u n c t i o n . Use a conjunction (like and) preceded by a comma. I n s e r t a s e m i - c o l o n . Use a semi- colon to separate the two
  5. 5. T h e r e a r e f iv e s t r a t e g ie s t h a te f f e c t iv e w r it e r s u s e t o t o a v o ido r c o r r e c t r u n -o n s e n t e n c e s . A d d a c o n j u n c t i v e a d v e r b . Use a semicolon together with either a conjunctive adverb or a transitional expression. Be sure to put a comma after conjunctive adverbs. Conjunctive adverbs are words like- accordingly, consequently, in addition. C r e a t e a c l a u s e . Turn one of the sentences into a subordinate
  6. 6. How Would You Fix the Following?• John and Ed are brothers, they are related to Susan.• Rosa talks about her relationship with her parents ,how she grew up following her family’s values.• Matilda and Gertrude waited for the bus. Just wanted to get to work on time.• The essay won a prize was so well researched.
  7. 7. Every sentence must have a subjectand a verb and must make sense byexpressing a complete idea. The mostcommon types of fragments areDependent word fragments.-ing and to fragments.Missing subject fragments.
  8. 8. Some words or word groups that begin witha dependent word are fragments. Here is alist of dependent words:After, if, even if, when, whenever, although, though. in order that. where, wherever, as. since, whether,because that, so that, which, whichever, before, unless,while, even though, until, who, whoever, how, what, whatever,whose Whenever you start a sentence with one of these words, you must be careful that a fragment does not result.
  9. 9. Your TurnNow it’s your turn. How might you correct these dependent clause fragments?2.George talks about his career. How he grew up wanting to be a fire fighter.3.Ralph always wanted to be a stand-up comic. Because he liked to make people laugh.4.The family set out for a new country. A country in which they could practice their culture and religion.
  10. 10. Correct the following:2. After I learned the price of the horse. I decided I needed to wait.3. My best friend refused to stop smoking. Unless I quit also.4. Tom made an appointment. Which he did not intend to keep.
  11. 11. When an -ing or to wordappears at or near the start ofa word group, a fragment mayresult. Such fragments oftenlack a subject and a verb.
  12. 12. • To get this job done. I plan on working overtime.• Sweating under his heavy load. Brian staggered up the steps to his apartment.• He works ten hours a day. Then going to class for 3 hours.• I spent almost two hours on the phone yesterday. Trying to find a garage to repair my car.• Looking tired and drawn. The little girl’s parents sat in the waiting room.
  13. 13. People write missing subjectfragments because theythink the subject in onesentence will apply to thenext word group as well. Butthe subject, as well as theverb, must be in EACH wordgroup to make a sentence.
  14. 14. 1. The truck skidded on the rain- slick highway. But missed the telephone pole on the side of the rode.2. Michelle tried each of the desserts on the table. And then found that, when the dinner arrived, her appetite was gone.3. The students were in class on time. Just hoping to finish the semester.
  15. 15. Let’s ReviewWhat three thingsare necessary tohave a goodsentence?