Ask the Right Questions Before
You Begin to Write
•What am I trying to say?
•What effect do I hope to
•What main point do I
want to make?
•What form/type of writing
will I use?
•What is my purpose?
Your strategy becomes the purpose and
the goal you wish to reach with your paper.
A Narrative tells a
The narrative essay is told
from first or third person
It’s important to follow
a clear sequence of
A descriptive essay will put into
words what you want your reader to
see in his or her mind.
Using concrete examples are very
important in a descriptive essay.
Example essays begin with
generalizations and then move to
If you were writing an essay on
city traffic, you would begin with
a general statement and then give
A definition essay says what
something is and what something is
The denotative and connotative
definitions of the word need to be
included in the essay.
•All of our lives we have tried to
persuade someone to do
something or to think like we
do…that is the beginning of an
•Your reader won’t believe you,
just because you say something
•The argument requires
research to support your
When you consider the
purpose of your essay, consider
1.What problem is suggested
by the topic?
2. What are your writing
3. What is your intent-persuasive, argumentative,
Voice is the identity the
writer adopts and his/her
credibility as an authority.
Do you want to sound-…objective and fair
heated and passionate …
sincere and persuasive …
informative and impartial
A piece of writing is
often judged by how
effectively it reaches its
Here are some questions to consider
1. Who are your readers (age, sex,
income, belief systems, potential
2. Are your readers novices or experts on
3. What are your readers likely to know
(education level, prior knowledge)?
The rhetorical Stance reflects the way you
define the various components of the writing
situation: your purpose for writing, your
voice or how you wish to come across to your
readers, and your audience.