What is the job ofadjectives? •Modify (change) nouns/pronouns •Adjectives can precede a noun (purple boots) or follow a linking verb (Her boots arepurple). •Adjectives tell readers which, what kind, how many/how much
Adjectives tell readers • which •what kind •how many/how muchLast summer I climbed that mountain (which).I prefer red apples (what kind).I want six oranges (how many).It was a cold, gray, and ominous day (whatkind).The dawn was bright, clear, and inviting (whatkind) .
1. Juan painted the beautiful picture.2. Misty tried a different approach to math.3. The picture of rural life is accurate.4. She keeps a tidy desk.5. He tried three times to solve the problem.
AdverbsWhat is the job of theadverbs? •Adverbs modify (change) verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs • Adverbs tell the readers how, when, where, a nd why •Adverbs can be an intensifier (She is very beautiful).
AdverbAdverbs tell the readershow, when, where, and to what extent.Adverbs often end in –ly.1. Hequicklyjumped the puddle (howdidhe jump).2. Yesterdaymy friends ate lunch with me (whendid they eat with me).3. Our summerhouse is nearby (whereis the summerhouse).4. She very quickly took control (to what extentdid she take control of the game) of the game.
Your Turn1. She ran around the track comfortably (how).2. They always arrive a half hour late (when).3. Paul goes to the movie frequently (how often).4. He has never lost a game (when).5. Sometimes I just sit and daydream instead of write (to what extent).
Use the comparative form to compare two people, places, things, or ideas; use the superlative to compare more than two. Comparative SuperlativeShort Shorter shortestPretty prettiest Simpler simplestfast
With longer adjectives andwith adverbs ending in –ly, use more (for thecomparative) and most (forthe superlative). Really?? Comparative Superlative Intelligent More intelligent Most intelligent Carefully Most carefully Less dangerously
1. Pedro (carefully, more carefully, most carefully) sat down in the classroom.2. Matilda applied for a scholarship, and it became apparent that she was the (intelligent, more intelligent, most intelligent) of all the applicants3. Hugo thought of himself as the (qualified, more qualified, most qualified) candidate for the job.4. When then results were in, Nathan ran (fast, faster, fastest) than Ben, receiving first- place medal.5. Susan’s new kitchen table was (pretty, prettier, prettiest) than Madge’s or Matilda’s table.
Comparative SuperlativeGood Better BestBad Worse WorstMuch/many More MostLittle Less LeastWell Better BestBadly Worse Worst
Your Turn1. This is a nice cat; in fact it is ________ than my friend’s cat.2. Emilio is six. Her bother, Herman is nine, so is _____ than Emilio.3. You have a very interesting hobby, but my sister Marie, has __________ in the world.4. Skateboarding is dangerous hobby. Bungee jumping is _______ than skateboarding.5. We live in a small house, but my grandparents live in even a _______ house than ours.6. Yesterday, Juan told me a funny joke. It was the _____ joke I’ve ever heard.
Anadjective always follows a sense verb (linking verb)Helga and Herman lookcontent. Herman’s old car still sounds happy. Linking verbs (sense verbs): seems, sounds, appears, feels, tastes , looks, smells, looks
Good and well are astricky as a cat running afootball through afootball field!
Avoid common errors when using familiar words. Good or Well Good is ALWAYS an adjective: You do not do good, but you do well. Do is a verb and well is an adverb. You smell good. Smell is a sense verb and good is an adjective, which modifies you.Bad or BadlyBad is an adjective: Never write, I feel badly. Feelis a sense verb so the adjective follows the verb.
1. George has a fever and doesn’t look (good, well).2. When I got up this morning, Helga felt (bad, badly) and had to stay home.3. The mechanic’s tools were (well, good). The foreman said his work was (well, good) done.4. She worked (careful, carefully) with the sick child. She was a very (careful, carefully) worker.5. Andrea knows the material very (good, well). She always treats us (good, well).6. He measured the floor (exact, exactly). They proved to be (perfectly, perfect) (exact, exactly) measurements).